Kleemans, Marieke and Klugman, Jeni (2009): Understanding Attitudes Towards Migrants A Broader Perspective. Published in: Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) Series , Vol. 53, No. 2009
Download (456kB) | Preview
Migration is a controversial issue. Reading of the popular media in virtually any country, alongside an array of opinion polls suggest that residents see controls on immigration as essential and that people would prefer to see existing rules on entry tightened rather than relaxed. This stands in contrast to the evidence which points to significant gains for movers and, in many cases, benefits also for destination and origin countries – as reviewed in the forthcoming Human Development Report 2009. This paper makes several important contributions to an already rich literature about public opinion and migration. It highlights that attitudes are not as monochrome as might initially appear. A more detailed analysis of the nature, patterns and correlates of opinions toward migration in both developed and developing countries shows that values favourable toward diversity are in fact widely held, albeit with important variations. We also cast important light on how policies toward migration and underlying structural characteristics affect attitudes. Moreover, as many migrants do not end up in developed or OECD countries, public opinions in developing countries are of interest. As far as we are aware, this paper is the first published attempt to explore attitudes in countries in all parts of the human development spectrum. While the data investigated is largely drawn from 2005/2006, we frame key questions in both a longer term perspective, and highlight attitudes towards migrants when jobs are scarce, which has heightened relevance during periods of recession.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Understanding Attitudes Towards Migrants A Broader Perspective|
|Keywords:||Immigration, human development, public opinion|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
|Date Deposited:||13. Dec 2009 12:53|
|Last Modified:||22. Feb 2013 21:52|
Card, D., C. Dustmann and I. Preston. 2005. "Understanding attitudes to immigration: The migration and minority module of the first European Social Survey." Center for Research and Analysis of Migration Discussion Paper.
Facchini, G. and A. M. Mayda. 2008. "From Individual Attitudes Towards Migrants to Migration Policy Outcomes: Theory and Evidence." Economic Policy 23 (56): 651‐ 713.
Global Migrant Origin Database, Version 4. Development Research Centre on Migration Globalisation and Poverty at University of Sussex. http://www.migrationdrc.org/research/typesofmigration/global_migrant_origin_d atabase.html.
Mayda, A. M. 2005. "Who is against immigration? A cross‐country investigation of individual attitudes towards immigrants". CEPR Discussion Paper 5055. Centre for Economic Policy Research.
Migration DRC (Development Research Centre). 2007. "Global Migrant Origin Database (Version 4)." Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty, University of Sussex.
O'Rourke, K. H. and R. Sinnott. 2006. "The determinants of individual attitudes towards immigration." European Journal of Political Economy.
Scheve, K. F. and M. J. Slaughter. 2001. "Labor market comeptition and individual preferences over immigration policy": 133‐145.
UN (United Nations). 2009. "Trends in Total Migrant Stock: The 2008 Revision." Department of Social and Economic Affairs.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). 2009. Human Development Report 2009: Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
World Bank. 2009. "World Development Indicators". Washington DC: World Bank.
WVS (World Values Survey). 2006. "World Values Survey 2005/2006." http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/.