Borooah, Vani (2008): Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of Naxalite Activity in the Districts of India. Published in: International Journal of Conflict and Violence , Vol. 2, No. 2 (2008): pp. 317-333.
Download (816Kb) | Preview
This paper asks: is it a fact that there is more violence in districts affected by Naxalite (Maoist) activity compared to those which are free of Naxalite activity? And can the existence of Naxalite activity in some districts of India, but not in others, be explained by differences in economic and social conditions? This study identifies districts in India in which there was significant Naxalite activity and correlating the findings with district-level economic, social, and crime indicators. The econometric results show that, after controlling for other variables, Naxalite activity in a district had, if anything, a dampening effect on its level of violent crime and crimes against women. Furthermore, even after controlling for other variables, the probability of a district being Naxalite-affected rose with an increase in its poverty rate and fell with a rise in its literacy rate. So, one prong in an anti-Naxalite strategy would be to address the twin issues of poverty and illiteracy in India.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of Naxalite Activity in the Districts of India|
|English Title:||Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of Naxalite Activity in the Districts of India|
|Keywords:||India; Naxalities; Violence; Poverty|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P1 - Capitalist Systems > P16 - Political Economy|
|Depositing User:||Vani / K Borooah|
|Date Deposited:||25. Dec 2009 10:43|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 06:59|
Bao, Shu Ming, Chang, Gene Hsin, Sachs, Jeffrey D. and Woo, Wing Thye, (2002) "Geographic Factors and China's Regional Development Under Market Reforms, 1978-98" (October 17, 2002). China Economic Review, Vol. 13, pp. 89-111.
Cai, Fang, Wang, Dewen, Du, Yang (2002), “Regional disparity and economic growth in China: The impact of labor market distortions”, China Economic Review, vol. 13, pp. 197-212.
Cowell, Frank. A. and Jenkins, Stephen. P. (1995), ‘How Much Inequality Can We Explain? A Methodology and an Application to the United States’, Economic Journal, vol. 105, pp. 421-30.
Debroy, Bibek and Bhandari, Laveesh (2004), District Level Deprivation in the New Millenium, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi.
Demurger , Sylvie, Sachs, Jeffrey D., Woo, Wing Thye, Bao, Shu Ming, Chang, Gene Hsin and Mellinger, Andrew D. (2001), "Geography, Economic Policy, and Regional Development in China" (April 2002). NBER Working Paper No. W8897.
Bhandari, Laveesh and Dubey, Amaresh (2003), Incidence of Poverty and Hunger in the Districts of India, RGCIS Working Paper, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi.
Fujita, M. and Hu, D. (2001), “Regional disparity in China 1985-1994: The effects of globalization and economic liberalization”, The Annals of Regional Science, vol. 35, pp. 3-37.
Gill, K.S. (2005), “Enormous Threat of Extremism”, (The Pioneer, 30 October 2004), http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/kpsgill/security/04Oct30Pio.htm
Misra, Bijayanand (2001), “New Millennium Strategies for Reduction of Poverty and Regional Disparity in India.” In New Regional Development Paradigms; vol. 4, edited by James E. Nickum and Kenji Oya, 73-91. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Kannabiran, V. and Kannabiran, K. (2004), “Women’s Rights and Naxalite Groups”, Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 39, pp. 4874-4877.
Kurian, N.J. (2001), Regional Disparities in India, Planning Commission of India, New Delhi. http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/vision2025/regdsprty.pdf
Ramana, P.V. (2005), “Naxalism in Karnataka: swift remedy needed”, Deccan Herald, 27 February 2005 http://www.observerindia.com/analysis/A386.htm
Viswanathan, S. (2002), “A Crackdown in Tamil Nadu”, Frontline, vol. 19, issue 25, http://www.frontlineonnet.com/fl1925/stories/20021220005003800.htm