Mishra, SK (2010): On harnessing natural resources for sustainable development.
Download (157kB) | Preview
Ever-increasing population and ever-proliferating demand for variety and choice together with a marked preference in favor of deliberate under-utilization of resources as well as deprecation of thrift have exposed the available reserves of natural resources to the danger of depletion. The culture based on the market economy has made the people concerned only about producing and consuming more, with their eyes closed to the indiscriminate exploitation of resources and dumping of the obnoxious byproducts into the environment. There is now abundant scientific evidence that humanity is living unsustainably. The environment is gradually becoming more overstressed; trophic chains and various biogeochemical cycles in the nature are being interrupted; ecological services are becoming disturbed. People now are transforming ecosystems throughout the world at a faster and more extensive pace than any other time in human history. In this milieu, this paper observes that bringing human use of natural resources within sustainable limits will require a major collective effort. There is a need to sensitize the people, especially the supposed and potential ‘creative core’, to direct their efforts to a serious thinking and action to change our present preoccupation with an unsustainable development towards sustainable development. The roles of other stakeholders and volunteer-involving organizations are no less important. sustainable development requires changes in institutions, more specifically the habits of thought and action, to opt for and adopt the new paradigm of development, to change the taste and liking regarding consumption, to think of social priorities and obligation vis-à-vis the personal ones and so on. Attitudinal changes, the alteration of the world view and the habits of thought, are only possible by a proper and holistic educational planning and an efficient governance of the academia, the government departments and the law-making and law-protecting framework of our society. The paper highlights the role of the ‘creative core’ and good governance, but the intelligentsia, especially in the less developed nations where social consciousness is dominated by the myopic personal agenda, will not be effective unless the monitoring of the entire program of development is efficient. The people must, therefore, come forward. But, while social consciousness is weak and dormant, this requirement pushes us into the vicious circle. This vicious circle is the real trap and obstacle to sustainable development.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||On harnessing natural resources for sustainable development|
|Keywords:||Natural resources; sustainable development; technology; wastage; cultural determinants; post-industrial society; creative class; creative core; red bio-technology; intelligentsia|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N50 - General, International, or Comparative
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q0 - General > Q01 - Sustainable Development
P - Economic Systems > P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies > P28 - Natural Resources; Energy; Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
|Depositing User:||Sudhanshu Kumar Mishra|
|Date Deposited:||13. Jan 2010 02:03|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 02:04|
1. Anderson, M. J. (2002) “Sustainable development”, WFF Voices Online Edition Vol. XVII, 1. Available at http://www.wf-f.org/02-1-UNSustainableDev.html
2. Barik, S. K. and Mishra, S. K. (2008) “Assessment of the Contribution of Forest to the Economy of the Northeastern States of India”, The International Forestry Review, 10(2), pp. 349-361.
3. Bell, D. (1973) The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A venture in social forecasting. Basic Books, New York.
4. Costanza, R., D'Arge, R., De Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O'Neill, R.V., Paruelo, J., Raskin, R.G., Sutton, P., and Van den Belt, M. (1987) “The Value of the World's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital”, Nature, 387, pp. 253-260.
5. CTA (2005) “ACP Policy brief no 2: Harnessing biodiversity for sustainable development”, Francis, J. A. (Editor)” Available at http://knowledge.cta.int/en/Dossiers/CTA-and-S-T/CTA-S-T-programme/ACP-Policy-Briefs/ACP-Policy-brief-no-2-Harnessing-biodiversity-for-sustainable-development
6. Economic Commission for Africa (2002) Harnessing Technologies for Sustainable Development, Available at http://www.uneca.org/harnessing/harnessing.pdf
7. Europabio (2001)“Europabio’s Biotechnology Information Kit.”, referred by Economic Commission for Africa (2002) Available at http://www.europabio.org/pages/info_kit.asp
8. Gillespie, A. (2001) The Illusion of Progress: Unsustainable Development in International Law and Policy, Earthscan, London.
9. Flannery, T. (2005) The Weather Makers: How Man Is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth. Atlantic Monthly Press, New York.
10. Florida, R. (2002) The Rise of the Creative Class. Basic Books, New York.
11. Georgescu-Roegen, N. (1971) The Entropy Law and the Economic Proces., Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass.
12. Georgescu-Roegen, N. (1986) “The Entropy Law and the Economic Process in Retrospect”. Eastern Economic Journal: 12(1), pp. 3-25.
13. Govt. of India (2007) Report of the Working Group on Natural Resources Management - Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012) Volume I : Synthesis, Planning Commission, GOI, Available at http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp11/wg11_agnrm.pdf
14. Hirsch, Fred (1978) Social Limits to Growth. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass.
15. International Council for Science (2005) Harnessing Science, Technology, and Innovation for Sustainable Development. A report from the ICSU-ISTS-TWAS Consortium ad hoc Advisory Group. Available at http://www.hks.harvard.edu/sustsci/ists/docs/consortium_ahag_rpt_0503.pdf
16. Petit, J. R., Jouzel, J., Raynaud, D., Barkov, N. I., Barnola, J. M., Basile, I., Bender, M., Chappellaz, J., Davis, M., Delaygue, G., Delmotte, M., Kotlyakov, V. M., Legrand, M., Lipenkov, V. Y., Lorius, C., Pépin, L., Ritz, C., Saltzman, E. and Stievenard, M. (1999) “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica”, Nature, 399, (3 June 1999), pp. 429-436.
17. Sawyer, S. (2006) “Unsustainable Development: Symptoms & Causes”. Vermont Sustainable Job Fund. Available at the website http://www.vsjf.org/sd-whatis/documents/TOP_003.pdf
18. Tripathi, R.S., Pandey, H.N., Barik, S.K. and Kumar, A. (2005) State of the Environment Report 2005, Meghalaya, Dept. of Environment and Forests, Government of Meghalaya. Available at http://www.soeatlas.org/PDF_Map%20Gallery/SoE%20report%20of%20Meghalaya.pdf
19. Shankar, U., Boral, L., Pandey, H. N. and Tripathi, R. S. (1993) “Degradation of Land due to Coal Mining and its Natural Recovery Pattern”, Current Science, 65(9), pp. 680-687.
20. UNDP (2005) Harnessing Volunteerism for Sustainable Environment and Natural Resources Management: A Practice Note for the Energy & Environment Practice. Available at http://glow.civiblog.org/Practice_Note_V4Env_Draft.pdf
21. United Nations (2005) Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Synthesis Report (MEASR): Pre-publication Final Draft Approved by MA Board on March 23, 2005. Available at http://matagalatlante.org/nobre/down/MAgeneralSynthesisFinalDraft.pdf
22. Veblen, T.B. (1899) The Theory of the Leisure Class. The New American library, New York./Project Gutenberg. Available at www.gutenberg.org/etext/833
23. Veblen, T.B. (1921) The Engineers and the Price System. Viking Press, New York./ Batoche Books (2001), Kitchener. Ontario. www.socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/veblen/Engineers.pdf
24. Veon, J. (2004) “Sustainable Development, Agenda 21 and Prince Charles”. Available at http://www.newswithviews.com/Veon/joan19.htm
25. Worm, B., Barbier, E.B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J.E., Folke, C., Halpern, B.S., Jackson, J.B., Lotze, H.K., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S.R., Sala, E., Selkoe, K.A., Stachowicz, J. J. and Watson, R. (2006) “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services”, Science, November 3;314(5800), pp.787-90.