Fanti, Luciano and Gori, Luca (2010): PAYG pensions, tax-cum-subsidy and optimality.
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Using a simple OLG small open economy with endogenous fertility we show that the command optimum can be decentralised in a market setting using both a PAYG transfer from the young (old) to the old (young) and a tax-cum-subsidy (subsidy-cum-tax) policy, to redistribute within the working age generation. The latter instrument, in fact, reduces (increases) the opportunity cost of bearing children and, hence, stimulates (depresses) fertility. The policy implications are straightforward: when PAYG transfers exist and child rearing is time consuming, a tax-cum-subsidy (subsidy-cum-tax) policy can be used to internalise the externality of children, while also representing a Pareto improvement.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||PAYG pensions, tax-cum-subsidy and optimality|
|English Title:||PAYG pensions, tax-cum-subsidy and optimality|
|Keywords:||Overlapping generations; PAYG Pensions; Small open economy; Tax-cum-subsidy|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H55 - Social Security and Public Pensions
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue > H24 - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J26 - Retirement; Retirement Policies
|Depositing User:||Luca Gori|
|Date Deposited:||24. Jan 2010 18:59|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 14:34|
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