Versantvoort, Maroesjka (2008): Time use during the life course in the USA, Norway, and the Netherlands: a HAPC-analysis. Published in: Department of Economics Research Memorandum No. 02 (2008): pp. 1-30.
Download (229Kb) | Preview
This paper analyses life course variations by means of Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort-modelling (HAPC) of time use data for thee welfare states: the USA, Norway, and the Netherlands. By means of analyzing time use data insight is gained in the (relative) importance of various life spheres as paid work, household work, volunteer aid, care, anc education in and over people's life. The relevance of an integrated insight in the relation between paid work and these other life spheres seems to have grown with the introduction and (policy) application of the idea of "transitional labour markets". This paper aims to find out the relevance of age, period and cohort as underlying factors in population ageing and change. The author compares the fixed versus the random-effects model specifications for APC-analysis. The random-effects HAPC-model appears the most appropriate specification. The HAPC analyses find evidence in support of quadratic age effects on time use. Furthermore, the HAPC analyses find proof in support of the contentions in the literature that both cohort and period effects should be distinguished in life course analyses. Finally, the analyses show clear differences in time use patterns during the life course between the welfare states. These may indicate a non-negligible sensitivity for welfare policies with respect to reconciling life domains during the life course.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Time use during the life course in the USA, Norway, and the Netherlands: a HAPC-analysis|
|Keywords:||Age-Period-Cohort analysis, hierarchical linear modeling, life course, time use, welfare states|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J10 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
|Depositing User:||Koen Caminada|
|Date Deposited:||26. Feb 2010 10:27|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 13:04|
Anxo, D., J.Y. Boulin, C. Fagan, I. Cebrian, S. Keuzenkamp, U. Klammer, CH. Klenner, G. Moreno and L. Toharia (2006), Working time options over the life course: new work patterns and company strategies, European foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions, Dublin: EFILWC.
Becker, H.A. (1992), Generaties en hun kansen, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff.
Bovenberg, A.L. (2005), “Balancing work and family life during the life course”, De Economist, 153: 399-423
Easterlin, R.A. (1980), Birth and fortune: the impact of numbers on personal welfare, New York: Basic books.
Esping-Anderson, G. (1990), The three worlds of welfare capitalism, Princeton: Princeton university press.
Fu, W.J. (2000), “Ridge estimator in singular design with application to age-period-cohort analysis of disease rates”, Communications in statistics-theory and method, 29:263-278.
Glenn, N.D. (1976), “Cohort analysts’ futile quest: statistical attempts to separate age, period, and cohort effects”, American sociological review, 41:900-904.
Glenn, N.D. (2003), “Distinguishing age, period, and cohort effects”, in: J.T. Mortimer and M.J. Shanahan (eds.), Handbook of the life course, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 465-476.
Hagenaars, J.A. (1990), Categorical longitudinal data: log-linear, panel, trend, and cohort analysis, Newbury Park: Sage Publications.
Hobcraft, J., J. Menken, and S. Preston (1982), “Age, period, and cohort effects in demography: a review”, Population index, 48:4-43.
Inglehart, R. (1977), The silent revolution: changing values and political styles among western publics, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, R. (1997), Modernization and postmodernization: cultural, economic and political change in 43 societies, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Klammer, U., S. Keuzenkamp, I. Cebrian, C. Fagan, Ch. Klenner and G. Moreno (2005), Working time options over the life course: changing social security structures, European foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions, Dublin: EFILWC.
Kronjee, G.J. (1991), Veranderingen in levenscyclus, demografische veroudering en collectieve sociale uitgaven, Utrecht: ISOR/Universiy of Utrecht
Liefbroer, A.C. and P.A. Dykstra (2000), Levenslopen in verandering, WRR voorstudies en achtergronden V107, Den Haag: Sdu Uitgevers.
Maddala, G.S. (2001), Introduction to econometrics, Chistester: Wiley.
Mulder, C.H. (1993), Migration dynamics: a life course approach, dissertation, Amsterdam: Thesis publishers.
Naegele, G., C. Barkholdt, B. de Vroom, J. Goul Andersen and K. Kramer (2003), A new organisation of time over working life, European foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions, Dublin: EFILWC.
O’Brien, R.M. (2000), “Age period cohort characteristic models”, Social science research, 29: 123-39.
Paccagnella, O. (2006), “Centering or not centering in multilevel models? The role of the group mean and the assessment of group effects, Evaluation review, 30:66-85.
Plewis, I. (1989), “Comment on “centering” predictors in multilevel analysis, Multilevel modelling newsletter, 1:6-11.
Raudenbush, S.W. and A.S. Bryk (2002), Hierarchical linear models: applications and data analysis methods, Thousand oaks, CA: Sage.
Robertson, C., S. Gandini, and P. Boyle (1999), “Age-Period-Cohort models: a comparative study of available methodologies”, Journal of clinical epidemiology, 52:569-583.
Ryder, N.B. (1965), “The cohort as a concept in the study of social change”, American sociological review, 30:843-861.
Schmid, G. (2000), “Transitional labour markets. A new European Employment Strategy”, in: B.
Marin, D. Meulders & D. Snower (eds.), Innovative Employment Initiatives, Aldershot, etc.: Ashgate, 223-253.
Schmid, G. and B. Gazier (2002), The Dynamics of Full Employment: Social Integration Through Transitional Labour Markets, Cheltenham, UK and Brookfield, US: Edward Elgar.
Smith, H.L. (2008), “Advances in age period cohort analysis”, Sociological methods research, 36: 287-296.
Tabachnick, B. G. (2005), Multilevel modeling with SPSS, workshop presented at Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA.
Versantvoort, M.C. (2000), Analysing labour supply in a life course perspective, dissertation, Amsterdam: Thela thesis.
Wilson, J.A. and W.R. Grove (1999), “The intercohort decline in verbal ability: does it exist?”, American sociological review”, 64:253-266.
Yang, Y. and K.C. Land (2008), “Age-period-cohort analysis of repeated cross-section surveys; fixed or random effects”, Sociological methods & research, 36:297-327.
Yang, Y. and K.C. Land (2006a), “A mixed models approach to the age-period-cohort analysis of repeated cross-section surveys, with an application to data on trends in verbal test scores”, Sociological methodology, 36:75-97.
Yang, Y. and K.C. Land (2006b), “Age-period-cohort analysis of repeated cross-section surveys; fixed or random effects”, Sociological methods & research, 20:1-30.