Ahamad, Mazbahul Golam and Tasnima, Kaniz and Khaled, Nafisa and Bairagi, Subir Kanti and Deb, Uttam Kumar (2010): Infant Mortality Situation in Bangladesh in 2007: A District Level Analysis.
Download (472Kb) | Preview
District level trend of infant mortality rate (IMR) per thousand live births in Bangladesh influenced by some assorted form of socio-demographic determinants such as individual, household and community level factors. This paper examines the trend and annual rate of reduction from 1998-2007 time periods and correlates causal factors based on different data from Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 2008 and Sample Vital Registration System 2007. Seven explanatory variables are considered and the log-log specified ordinary least square and simultaneous quantile regression models are employed to investigate and compare the stochastic impacts of these predictors on changing infant mortality. Infant immunization is the most effective factor that reduces infant mortality especially at lower quantile districts. Most notably, lower poverty line implies increasing trend with upper quantile, indicates that districts with low infant mortality rate has low effect for any positive rate of change of it. The least square as well as simultaneous quantile regression result disclose that share of population lived in electricity accessed houses, road density, no. of female per family planning personnel has potential and statistically significant impacts on infant mortality rate that is -0.25%, -0.22% and -0.58% respectively. Likewise, infant mortality decreased with the increased percentage of household having television by 0.08%, on average. As infant mortality is an outcome from a variety of socio-economic disparity; reduction strategy should address the degree of severity of the risk factors on infant mortality, prioritizing the most effective reducing factors such as infant immunization and controlled population growth rate as well.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Infant Mortality Situation in Bangladesh in 2007: A District Level Analysis|
|English Title:||Infant Mortality Situation in Bangladesh in 2007: A District Level Analysis|
|Keywords:||Infant Mortality Rate, Socio-demographic Determinants, Annual Rate of Reduction, Log linear Regression, Simultaneous Quantile Regression.|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Production
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
|Depositing User:||Mazbahul Golam Ahamad|
|Date Deposited:||04. Mar 2010 14:30|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 16:18|
BBS. 2008. Sample Vital Registration System 2008. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).
BBS. 2008. Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 2008. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).
Caldwell. J. C. 1979. Education as a Factor in Mortality Decline: An Examination of Nigerian Data. Population Studies, 33(3), 395-413.
Charmarbagwala, R., Ranger, M., Waddington, H. and White, H. 2004. The determinants of child health and nutrition: A meta analysis. OED Working Paper Series. Operations Evaluation Department, Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Chaudhury, R.H., Gunasekera, P. and Gunasekera, D. 2006. District-level Variations in Infant Mortality in Sri Lanka: A Challenge to Achieving the Millennium Development Goal on Child Survival. Regional Health Forum, 10(1), 96-103.
CPD. 2007. Bangladesh Vision 2021.Prepared under the initiative of Nagorik Committee 2006.Dhaka: Author.
Debpuur, C., Wontuo,P., Akazili ,J. and Nyarko, P. 2005. Health Inequalities in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana. In Don de Savigny, C. Debpuur, E. Mwageni et al. (Eds.), Measuring Health Equity in Small Areas;Findings from Demographic Surveillance Systems, Indepth Network ( pp. 45-65). UK: Ashgate.
Derose, L. F. and Kulkarni, V. 2005. Community-level effects on infant and child mortality in Zambia, with special attention to HIV prevalence. USA: Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park.
Dixit, A. K. Anand, P. K. and Sharma, R. C. 2006. A study of district level development factors influencing infant mortality rate and life expectancy in the Indian Thar Desert. Journal of Rural and Tropical Public Health, 5, 42-45.
Forste, R. 1994. The Effects of Breastfeeding and Birth Spacing on Infant and Child Mortality in Bolivia. Population Studies, 48,497-511.
Gyimah, S. O. 2002. Ethnicity and infant mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Ghana. Discussion Paper no.02-10. Canada: Population Studies Centre, University of Western Ontario.
Hong, R. and Ruiz-Beltran, M. 2007. Impact of Prenatal Care on Infant Survival in Bangladesh. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 11(2), 199-206.
Hosseinpoor, A. R., et al. 2005. Socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in Iran and across its provinces. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 83(11), 837-844. http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/sociology/popstudies/dp/dp02-10.pdf
Kapoor, S. 2009. Infant Mortality in India: District-level variations and correlations. USA: University of California, Riverside.
Madise, N.J., and Diamond I. 1995. Determinants of infant mortality in Malawi: An analysis to control for death clustering within families. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, 27(1), 95-106.
Masuy-Stroobant G. and Gourbin, C. 1995. Infant health and mortality indicators: their accuracy for monitoring the socio-economic development in the Europe of 1994, European Journal of Population, 11(1), 63-84.
Masuy-Stroobant, G. 2001. The Determinants of Infant Mortality:how far are conceptual frameworks really modelled?. Belgium. Université catholique de Louvain.
Mondal, M. N. I, Hossain, M. K. and Ali, M. K. 2009. Factors Influencing Infant and Child Mortality: A Case Study of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. Journal of Human Ecology, 26(1): 31-39.
Mustafa H. E. and Odimegwu, C. 2008. Socioeconomic Determinants of Infant Mortality in Kenya: Analysis of Kenya DHS 2003.Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2(2). Retrieved at December 27, 2009 from http://www.scientificjournals.org /journals2008/articles/1409.pdf
Omariba, D.W., Beaujot, R. and Rajulton, F. 2007 .Determinants of infant and child mortality in Kenya: an analysis controlling for frailty effects. Population Research and Policy Review, 26, 299-321.
Pandey, A., et al. 1998. Infant and Child Mortality in India.. National Family Health Survey Subject Reports No. 11.Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences; and Honolulu: East-West Center.
Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh and UNDP Bangladesh. n.d. A Situation Analysis Report on Health (MDG 4, 5 and 6) Bangladesh, A Baseline for Needs Assessment and Costing. Retrieved at January 14, 2010 from http://www.undp.org.bd/ projects/prodocs/PRS_MDG/Situation%20analysis_health.pdf
Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh. 2009. Millennium Development Goals: Bangladesh Progress Report 2008. Dhaka: Author.
Rahman, K. M. M. and Sarkar, P. 2009. Determinants of Infant and Child Mortality in Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 6(3), 175-180.
Ssewanyana, S. and Younger, S.D. 2007. Infant Mortality in Uganda: Determinants, Trends, and the Millennium Development Goals. Journal of African Economies, 17 (1), 34-61.
Stephen K. 1989. Infant Mortality in Lesotho: Parental Education and Demographic factors. Paper submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Degree of Master of Arts in Demography. Graduate Program in Demography, National Centre for Development Studies, Canberra.
Terra de Souza, A.C., et al. 1999.Variations in infant mortality rates among municipalities in the state of Ceara, Northeast Brazil: an ecological analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 28(2), 267-275.
UNICEF. 2005. The State of The World’s Children 2006. New York: Author.
WHO. 2008. Bangladesh 2007: EPI Fact Sheet .Retrieved at January 14, 2010 from http:// www. searo.who.int/vaccine/LinkFiles/EPI2007/Bangladesh07.pdf
Zacharia, K.C., et al. 1994. Demographic Transition in Kerala in the 1980s, (Monograph Series). Triuandrum: Centre for Development Studies.