Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Pension systems in the European Union: Variable patterns of influence in Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium.

Anderson, Karen M. and Keading, Michael (2008): Pension systems in the European Union: Variable patterns of influence in Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium. Published in: Department of Economics Research Memorandum No. 2008.03 (2008): pp. 1-17.

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Abstract

The paper investigates how European welfare states respond to reform pressures arising from European integration. We examine the impact of two institutional variables that mediate the impact of reform pressures on national pension systems: the extent of public pension provision and the number of national political veto points. We argue that, all else equal, member states with few veto points and a relatively small public pension sector are the most likely cases of policy change in response to Europeanization, whereas member states with a high number of veto points and extensive public pension commitments are the least likely candidates for policy change. We test these arguments on four cases of Europeanization in three countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Italy).

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