Kox, Henk L.M. and Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik (2007): Services trade and domestic regulation.
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This paper argues that regulatory measures affect the fixed cost of entering a market as well as the variable costs of servicing that market. Moreover, differences in regulation among countries often imply that firms have to incur entry costs in every new market. Indicators of regulatory intensity and heterogeneity are introduced in a gravity model and their impact on market entry and subsequent trade flows estimated for total services, business services and financial services. It is found that regulatory heterogeneity has a relatively large negative impact on both market entry and subsequent trade flows. Further, regulatory barriers have a negative effect on the local services sectors’ export performance. Finally it is found that regulations that aims at correcting market failure can have a positive impact on trade. It is concluded that services trade liberalization and regulatory reforms are complementary in creating competitive services markets.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||OECD Trade Directorate and CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis|
|Original Title:||Services trade and domestic regulation|
|Keywords:||Trade in services; regulation; GATS; fixed trade costs|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F12 - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Empirical Studies of Trade
|Depositing User:||Henk L.M. Kox|
|Date Deposited:||09. Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 19:54|
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