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The Effect of Motivation on Self-Employment Duration in Germany: Necessity versus Opportunity Entrepreneurs

Block, Joern and Sandner, Philipp (2006): The Effect of Motivation on Self-Employment Duration in Germany: Necessity versus Opportunity Entrepreneurs.

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Abstract

Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP), we analyze whether necessity and opportunity entrepreneurs differ in terms of self-employment duration. We find that the two types of entrepreneurs differ regarding their duration in self-employment. Once controlled for educational variables however, this effect turns out to be no longer significant. We therefore conclude that the difference observed is no original effect but is due to selection. We then go on to discuss the implications of our finding for entrepreneurship-policy making. Suggestions to improve governmental start-up support programmes are given. Estimations are carried out with discrete time hazard rate models controlling for unobserved heterogeneity.

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