Yamamura, Eiji (2010): What Discourages Participation in the Lay Judge System (Saiban’in Seido) of Japan? Interaction between the Secrecy Requirement and Social Networks.
Download (272Kb) | Preview
The lay judge system, a quasi-jury system, was introduced in Japan from May 2009. This paper attempts to analyze Japanese people’s attitude towards this system by examining whether they show a willingness to serve as a lay judge. The major findings from regression analysis are: (1) In general, people with a spouse inclined to adopt a negative attitude about serving as a lay judge. This tendency is, however, not observed in large cities. (2) Long-time residents and homeowners are more likely to have a negative attitude about serving as a lay judge. These results show that a tightly knitted interpersonal social network discourages people from serving as a lay judge. Because of the life time secrecy obligation and the penalty provisions for those who break this obligation, people with closer interpersonal ties are under greater pressure and strains, leading to larger psychological cost. The obligation and its penalty should be eased to improve people’s attitudes about serving as a lay judge.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||What Discourages Participation in the Lay Judge System (Saiban’in Seido) of Japan? Interaction between the Secrecy Requirement and Social Networks|
|Keywords:||Lay judge system; Social network; Secrecy requirement|
|Subjects:||K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K40 - General
K - Law and Economics > K2 - Regulation and Business Law > K23 - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I28 - Government Policy
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||24. Mar 2010 01:23|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 08:28|
Ambler, L. (2007). The People Decide: The Effect of the Introduction of the Quasi-Jury System (Saiban-In Seido) on the Death Penalty in Japan. Journal of Northwestern International Human Rights,6, 1-23.
Anderson, K. and M. Nolan. (2004). Lay Participation in the Japanese Justice System: A Few Preliminary Thoughts regarding the Lay Assessor System (Saiban-In Seido) from Domestic Historical and International Psychological Perspectives. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 37, 935.
Becker, G. and K. Murphy. (2000). Social Economics: Market Behavior in a Social Environment, Harvard University Press.
Bloom, R.M. (2005). Jury Trials in Japan. 41 Boston College Law School Faculty Papers, 41.
Dawson, J.P. (1960). A History of Lay Judges. Harvard University Press: Cambridge.
DiPasquale D. and E.L.Glaeser. (1999). Incentives and Social capital: Are Homeowners Better Citizens? Journal of Urban Economics, 45, 354-384.
Edlund, L.C. and R. Pande. (2002). Why Have Women Become Left-Wing? The Political Gender Gap and the Decline in Marriage. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117, 917-961.
Ginsburg, T. and G. Hoetker. (2006). The Unreluctant Litigant? An Empirical Analysis of Japan’s Turn to Litigation. Journal of Legal Studies , 35,31-59.
Goolsbee, A. and P. Klenow. (2002). Evidence on Learning and Network Externalities in the Diffusion of Home Computers. Journal of Law and Economics, 45,317-343.
Greif, A. (1994). Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies. Journal of Political Economy, 102, 912-950.
Greif, A. (2002). Institutions and Impersonal Exchange: from Communal to Individual Responsibility. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 158, 168-204.
Hans, V.P. (2003). Introduction: Lay Participation in Legal Decision Making. Law & Policy, 25, 83-92.
Hans, V.P. (2008). Jury System Around the World. Annual Review of Law Social Science, 4, 275-297.
Hayami, Y. (2001). Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations, Oxford University Press: New York.
Harris, P. (2007). Judging Thy Neighbour. Japan Inc, Sep/Oct 22-25.
Hilber C.A.L. (2007). New Housing Supply and the Dilution of Social Capital. MPRA Paper 5134, University Library of Munich, Germany.
Japan Times. (2004). Have You Reached a Verdict? (Weekly Editorial). Japan Times, June 5.
Japan Times. (2007). Face of the Lay Judge System (Editorial). Japan Times, February 18. Jacobs J. (1969). The Economy of Cities. Vintage: New York.
Jones, C.P.A. (2008). Aerika-jin Bengoshi ga Mita Sainban’in Seido. (An American Lawyer’s View of the Lay Judge System), Heibon-Sha: Tokyo.
Jones, C.P.A.(2009). Big Winners in ‘Jury’ System may be Judges, Bureaucrats. Japan Times, March 10.
Justice System Reform Council (JSRC). Recommendations of the Justice System Rferom Council: For a Justice System to Support Japan in the 21st Century. 2001. (available at http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/judiciary/2001/0612report.html.: accessed on April 17, 2009).
Kamiya, S. (2008). Top Court Notifying Lay Judge Candidates. Japan Times, November 28.
Kamiya, S. (2009). 20 Politicians Worried by Lay Judge System form Nonpartisan Group to Delay it. Japan Times, April 2.
Kawashima, T. (1963). Dispute Resolution in Contemporary Japan. in A. von Mehren, ed. Law in Japan: The Legal Order in a Changing Society. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press.
Kinoshita, T. (2000). The Nature and Consequences of Lawyers’ Market Regulation in Japan. Contemporary Economic Policy, 18,181-193.
Kinoshita, T. (2002). A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Enlarging the Japanese Judicial System. Contemporary Economic Policy, 20,179-192.
Kyodo News. (2007). Lay Judge system Gaining Acceptance. Kyodo News, April 22,.
Landsman, S. (2003).Commentary: Dispatches from the Front: Lay participation in Legal Processes and the Development of Democracy. Law & Policy, 25,173-178.
Levin, D.G. (2008). Saiban-in-Seido: Lost in Translation? How the Source of Power Underlying Japan’s Proposed Lay Assessor System May Determine its Fate. ExpressO (http://works.bepress.com/douglas_levin/1. accessed on April 7, 2009). Ministry of Justice. Saiban-in (Lay Judge) System. http://www.moj.go.jp/ENGLISH/issues/issues03.html. (Accessed on April 7, 2009).
Nakai, D. (2009).Court Notifies First Lay Judge Candidates. Asahi Newspaper, November 29, 2008.http://www.asahi.com/english/Herald-asahi/TKY200811280328.html (accessed on April 7, 2009).
Putnam, RD. (2000). Bowling alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. A Touchstone Book: New York.
Ramseyer,J.M. and M. Nakazato. (1999).Japanese Law: An Economic Approach. Chicago University Press.
Reuben,E. and F. van Winden. (2008). Social Ties and Coordination on Negative Reciprocity: The Role of Affect. Journal of Public Economics, 92,34-53.
Shukan Shincho. (2008). Saiban’in Seido Nana tsu no Taizai. (Lay Judge System’s Seven Faults). Shukan Shicho. December 11.
Soldwedel, A.F. (2008). Testing Japan’s Convictions: The Lay Judge System and the Rights fo Criminal Defendants. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 41, 1417-1473.
Supreme Court of Japan. Lay Judge System Q & A. (2009). (available at http://www.saibanin.courts.go.jp/qa/c7_1.html: accessed on August 17, 2009).
Voigt, S. (2008). The (Economic) Effects of Lay Participation in Courts: A Cross-Country Analysis. MAGKS Papers on Economics 200820.
Washington, E.L. (2008). Female Socialization: How Daughters Affect their Legislator Father’s Voting on Women’s Issues. American Economic Review, 98, 311-332.
Warner, R. L. (1991). Does the Sex of your Child Matter? Support for Feminism among Women and Men in the United States and Canada. Journal of marriage and the Family, 53, 1051-1056.
Wilson, M. (2007). The Dawn of Criminal Jury Trials in Japan: Success on the Horizon? Wisconsin International Law Journal , 24,835-870.
Yamamura, E. (2008a). The Market for Lawyers and Social Capital: Are Informal Rules a Substitute for Formal Ones? Review of Law & Economics Article, 4, 23.
Yamamura, E.(2008b). Impact of Formal and Informal Deterrents on Driving Behavior, Journal of Socio-economics, 37, 2505-2512.
Yamamura, E. (2008c). Diffusion of Home Computers and Social Networks: a Study Using Japanese Panel Data. Applied Economics Letter, 15, 1231-1235.
Yamamura, E. (2009a). Formal and Informal Deterrents of Crime in Japan: Roles of Police and Social Capital Revisited. Journal of Socio-economics, 38, 611-621.
Yamamura, E. (2009b). Why Effects of Social Capital on Health Status Differ between Genders: Considering Labor Market Condition. MPRA paper series, 19485.