Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Producción agrícola e inflación en Buenos Aires tardo-colonial

Amado, Raúl Oscar (2010): Producción agrícola e inflación en Buenos Aires tardo-colonial.

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Abstract

In the past 30 years, the historiography of colonial Pampean agriculture showed a radical change. The “Bonaerense Campaign”, which was thought extensively devoted to cattle, was recently named one of the most important grain-producing regions of the Spanish Empire. This new hermeneutics of colonial agriculture differs radically from the descriptions and analysis that made the eighteenth-century writers for whom the agricultural production was in crisis. One of the main sources for forming this "new vision" of colonial agriculture was the “Diezmos” (Tithe). In this research, we propose first to review the source from another perspective. In considering which were the diezmos as they were intended, we understand much better if they serve or not as a tool for know the reality of the Bonaerense Campaing in the eighteenth-century. Second, we review the collection of diezmos between 1767 and 1801, only the years that "Administración General de Diezmos" was responsible for their collection. These data are deflated by Consumer Price Index and and compared with wheat prices for the same period. Finally we discuss the technology and labor productivity in the pampas. Our goal is to determine if there really was a great agricultural production or on the contrary this is an inflationary period that influenced the collection of agricultural taxes.

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