Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Econometric analysis of the bilateral trade flows in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries

INSEL, Aysu and TEKCE, Mahmut (2010): Econometric analysis of the bilateral trade flows in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_22130.pdf

Download (375kB) | Preview

Abstract

This study analyzes the trade flows of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) both among its member countries and with the rest of the world for the 1997-2002 and 2003-2007 periods. In this paper, the research question is whether the trade flows of the GCC countries with their partners have sustained and/or they have developed new relations over time, mainly after the 2003 Customs Union agreement of the GCC. For this purpose, fixed effects models have been estimated in order to obtain individual country effects variable. Then, trade model as a function of distance and income variables and the country effects model as a function of the time invariant control variables have been estimated simultaneously within the panel analysis using the Least Squares and Generalised Method of Moments under the assumption of the presence of cross section heteroskedasticity and the robust standard errors. It has been found that: (1) The order of top fifteen trade partners has changed significantly from the EU countries and the US to the Asian countries after 2003. (2) Exports and imports of the GCC countries are related to the wealth of the partner countries, but not to their distance, mainly due to the nature of their exported and imported goods, the characteristic of the region and developments in transportation facilities.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.