Guzmán, Ricardo Andrés (2008): The Neolithic Revolution from a price-theoretic perspective.
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The adoption of agriculture during the Neolithic period triggered the first demographic explosion in history. When fertility returned to its original level, agriculturalists were more numerous, more poorly nourished, and worked longer hours than their hunter-gatherer ancestors. We develop a dynamic price-theoretic model that rationalizes these events. In the short run, people are lured into agriculture by the increased labor productivity of both adults and children. In the long run, the growth in population overrides the productivity gains, and the later generations of agriculturalists end up being worse off than the hunter-gatherers. Counterintuitively, the increase in the labor productivity of children causes the long-run reduction in welfare. In the long run, the increase in adult labor productivity only contributes to population growth.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Neolithic Revolution from a price-theoretic perspective|
|Keywords:||Neolithic Revolution; hunter-gatherers; child labor; Thomas Malthus.|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries
|Depositing User:||Ricardo Andrés Guzmán|
|Date Deposited:||25. Apr 2010 02:08|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 09:07|
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The Neolithic Revolution from a price-theoretic perspective. (deposited 17. Aug 2008 12:44)
The Neolithic Revolution from a price-theoretic perspective. (deposited 24. Apr 2009 00:25)
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- The Neolithic Revolution from a price-theoretic perspective. (deposited 24. Apr 2009 00:25)