Deng, Feng (1996): A Comparative Study on Landownership between China and England.
Download (79Kb) | Preview
By comparing the development of landownership in China and England, this paper explores what were behind their different trajectories. In particular, I examined the delineation of property rights, alienation of land, rent and tax, inheritance and accumulation of land. Feudal England was a combination of the Roman system and Anglo-Saxon tradition. From that very strict hierarchical structure England has experienced an evolution toward free land market. In contrast, since very early China has established a unique economic system that allowed free alienation of land, but it has been trying to check the development of land market and private property rights by various means, the most important of which is the strengthening and expanding of patriarchal clan system. The different development paths of China and England show the different responses of two different cultures, which are oriented toward family and individual, respectively, to the same problems related to landownership.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A Comparative Study on Landownership between China and England|
|Keywords:||landownership; property rights; culture; institutions; China; England|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D23 - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
N - Economic History > N9 - Regional and Urban History > N95 - Asia including Middle East
P - Economic Systems > P5 - Comparative Economic Systems > P52 - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies
N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N50 - General, International, or Comparative
|Depositing User:||Feng Deng|
|Date Deposited:||14. Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||22. Feb 2013 23:43|
Chao, Kang. Man and Land in Chinese History: An Economic Analysis. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1986. Cheng, Shoushi. Zhong Guo Gu Dai Tu Di Guan Xi Shi Gao (The History of Landownership in China). Shanghai: People’s Press, 1984. Cheung, Steven N. S. Will China Go ‘Capitalist’?: an Economic Analysis of Property Rights and Institutional Change. London: The Institute of Economic Affairs, 1982. de Soto, Hernando. The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000 Fei, XiaoTong. Xiang Tu Zhong Guo (Countryside China). Hong Kong: Joint Publishing Co.(HK), 1986. Greif, Avner. “Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies”, Journal of Political Economy, 1994, vol.102, no.5. Harvey, P. D. A. The Peasant Land Market in Medieval England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984. Hu, RuLei. Zhong Guo Feng Jian She Hui Xing Tai Yan Jiu (Research on Chinese feudal society). Beijing: Shan Lian Book Company, 1979. Jing, Dechun. Zhong Guo Guo Ming Dang Tu Di Zhen Che Yan Jiu (Research on Land Policies of KMT). Beijing: Hai Yang Press, 1991. Li, Wenzhi and Taixin Jiang. Zhong Guo Di Zhu Zhi Jing Ji Lun (On China’s Feudal Landlord Economy: the Development of Feudal Landownership). Beijing: China Social Science Press, 2005. Macfarlane, Alan. The Origins of English Individualism: The Family, Property and Social Transition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979. North, Douglass C. and Thomas, Robert Paul. The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1976. North, Douglass C. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Noyes, Charles Reinold. The Institution of Property: a study of the development, substance and arrangement of the system of property in modern Anglo-American Law. New York, Toronto, Longmans, Green and Co.; London, H. Milford, 1936. Simpson, A. W. B. A History of the Land Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986. Thompson, Ellis and Wildavsky. Cultural Theory. Boulder: Westview Press, 1990. Wu, Hui. Jin Tian Zhi Kao Shuo (A Study on the Well Field System). Beijing: Agricultural Press, 1985.