Bhaskar, V (2010): Sex selection and gender balance.
Download (311Kb) | Preview
We model sex selection and the equilibrium sex ratio, when parents care about their child's marriage prospects. With intrinsic son preference, selection results in a male-biased sex ratio. This is inefficient, due to a marriage market congestion externality. Medical innovations that facilitate selection aggravate the inefficiency. If son preference arises endogenously, due to population growth causing an excess supply of women on the marriage market, selection may improve welfare. Empirically, sex selection causes an excess of males and reduces welfare in China. In India, rising cohort sizes give rise to an excess of women in most parts of the country.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Sex selection and gender balance|
|Keywords:||gender discrimination; sex selection; marriage markets; sex ratios|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||v bhaskar|
|Date Deposited:||19. Aug 2010 06:28|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 16:57|
Abrevaya, J., 2009, Are there Missing Girls in the US? Evidence from Birth Data, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1, 1-34.
Akers, D.S., 1967, On Measuring the Marriage Squeeze, Demography 4, 907-24.
Anderson, S., 2007, Why the Marriage Squeeze cannot cause Dowry Inflation, Journal of Economic Theory, 137(1), 140-152.
Anderson, S., and D. Ray, 2009, Missing Women: Age and Disease, Review of Economic Studies, forthcoming.
Angrist, J., 2002, How do Sex Ratios Affect Marriage and Labor Markets? Evidence from America's Second Generation, Quarterly Journal of Economics 117, 997-1038.
Angrist, J., and B. Evans, 1998, Children and their Parent's Labor Supply: Evidence from Exogenous Variation in Family Size, American Economic Review 88, 450-77.
Barooah, V., 2004, Gender Bias Among Children in India in their Diet and Immunization Against Disease, Social Science and Medicine 58, 1719-1731.
Bardhan, P., 1974, On Life and Death Issues, Economic and Political Weekly 9, 1293--1304.
Becker, G., 1981, A Treatise on Marriage, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Bhaskar, V., and B. Gupta, 2007, India's Missing Girls: Biology, Customs and Economic Development, Oxford Review of Economic Policy 23, 221-238.
Bhatt P.M., and S. Halli, 1999, Demography of Brideprice and Dowry: Causes and Consequences of the Indian Marriage Squeeze, Population Studies 53, 129-148.
Bloch, F., and V. Rao, 2002, Terror as a Bargaining Instrument: A Case Study of Dowry Violence in Rural India, American Economic Review 92, 1029-1043.
Boserup, E., 1970, Woman's Role in Economic Development, Earthscan, London.
Botticini, M., and A. Siow, 2003, Why Dowries?, American Economic Review 93, 1385-1398.
Census of India, 1991, Female Age at Marriage: An Analysis of 1991 Census Data, New Delhi: Registrar General of India.
Chiappori, P-A., B. Fortin and G. Lacroix, 2002, Marriage Market, Divorce Legislation and Household Labor Supply, Journal of Political Economy 110, 37-72.
Coale, A., 1991, Excess Female Mortality and the Balance of the Sexes in the Population: An Estimate of the Number of `Missing Females', Population and Development Review 17, 517-523.
Dahl, G., and E.Moretti, 2008, The Demand for Sons, Review of Economic Studies, 75 (4), 1085-1120.
Dasgupta, M., 1987, Selective Discrimination against Female Children in Rural Punjab, Population and Development Review 13, 77-100.
Edlund, L., 1999, Son Preference, Sex Ratios and Marriage Patterns, Journal of Political Economy 107, 1275-1304.
Fisher, R.A., 1930, The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, Oxford:Oxford University Press.
Gale, D., and L. Shapley, 1962, College Admissions and the Stability of Marriage, American Mathematical Monthly 69, 9-15.
Hosios, A., 1990, On the Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search, Review of Economic Studies 57(2), 279-298.
Jha, P, R. Kumar, P. Vasa, N. Dhingra, D. Thiruchelvam and R. Moineddin, 2006, Low Male to Female Sex Ratio of Children Born in India: National Survey of 1.1 million households, The Lancet 367, 211-218.
Kumar, D., 1983, Male Utopias or Nightmares, Economic and Political Weekly, Jan. 15, 61-64.
Lin, M-J., and M-C. Luo, 2008, Can Hepatitis B Account for the Number of Missing Women? Evidence from Three Million Newborns in Taiwan, American Economic Review 98, 2259-73.
Lundberg, S., and R. Pollak, 2003, Efficiency in Marriage, Review of Economics of the Household 1, 153-167.
Mortensen, D., and C. Pissarides, 1994, Job Creation and Job Destruction in a Theory of Unemployment, Review of Economic Studies 61, 397-415.
Neelakantan, U., and M. Tertilt, A Note on Marriage Market Clearing, Economics Letters 101, 103-105.
Oster, E., 2005, Hepatitis B and the Case of the Missing Women, Journal of Political Economy 113, 1163-1216.
Pande, R., 2003, Selective Gender Differences in Childhood Nutrition and Immunization in Rural India: The Role of Siblings, Demography 40 (3), 395-418.
Peters, M., and A. Siow, 2002, Competing Pre-marital Investments Journal of Political Economy 113, 1163-1216.
Portner, C., 2009, The Demand for Sex-Selective Abortions, mimeo.
Qian, N., 2008, Missing Women and the Price of Tea in China: The Effect of Sex-Specific Earnings on Sex Imbalance, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123.
Rao, V., 1993, The Rising Price of Husbands: A Hedonic Analysis of Dowry Increases in Rural India, Journal of Political Economy 101, 666-77.
Sen, A., 1990, More than 100 Million Women are Missing, New York Review of Books, 37 (20), 61-66.
United Nations, 1990, Patterns of First Marriage: Timing and Prevalence. New York: United Nations.
Wei, S-J., and X. Zhang, 2009, The Competitive Savings Motive: Evidence from Rising Sex Ratios and Savings Rates in China, NBER working paper 15093.
Zhang, J., and W. Chan, 1999, Dowry and Wife's Welfare: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, Journal of Political Economy 107, 786-808.
Available Versions of this Item
- Sex selection and gender balance. (deposited 19. Aug 2010 06:28) [Currently Displayed]