Koshy, Perumal and Prasad, V.N (2007): Small and Micro Enterprises: A tool in the fight against poverty.
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The present paper makes an attempt to analyze the role and contribution that Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) could play in eradicating poverty and attaining Millennium Development Goals. International approach to poverty eradication is largely based upon poverty eradication through economic empowerment, besides social programmes. It is well-accepted fact that poverty removal and employment generation largely depends upon economic empowerment.
Eradication of poverty is a complex issue as the development of SME itself and requires multi-pronged strategy and actions involving both macro and micro policy initiatives. MSMEs have been identified as a high potential sector for employment generation and provision of livelihood to millions of people in several countries. This is echoed by specific programmes instituted by agencies such as International Labour Organisation (ILO) and United States Agency for International Development (USAID), UNCTAD etc.
The paper attempts to analyze the experiences of some countries in addressing the issue of poverty and suggest measures that can be taken by India to enhance contribution of SMEs to poverty
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Small and Micro Enterprises: A tool in the fight against poverty|
|Keywords:||Small and Micro Enterprises(SMEs); Poverty; Enterprise Oriented Stratgey; Employment generation|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L26 - Entrepreneurship
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E26 - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
|Depositing User:||Perumal Koshy|
|Date Deposited:||21. May 2010 08:51|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 03:52|
1. More on UNHCHR definition of poverty can be accessed at http://www.unhchr.ch/development/poverty-02.html
2. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development identified that on the basis of “GDP per capita, their weak human assets and their high degree of economic vulnerability.
3. This is based on NSSO data.
4. Lukas E, The Economic Role Of Smes In World Economy, Especially In Europe, http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/uni/res/kozlemenyek/2005/pdf/lukacs.doc
5. The Role of Micro Enterprise Assistance in U.S. Development Policy, By Emmy Simmons, Assistant Administrator, Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade, U.S. Agency for International Development
6. The International Labor Conference validated this idea in 1998 by adopting Recommendation No. 189 on "Job Creation in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises". This offers a vision of a vibrant, job-creating, poverty-fighting small enterprise sector. http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?R189
7. The Least Developed Countries Report 2006, Overview by the Secretary General of UNCTAD.
9. Wilfried Luetkenhorst, Chief of Cabinet and Director of the Bureau for Organizational Strategy and Learning, UNIDO, Statement at ECOSOC High-level Segment Roundtable on “Poverty eradication – making it happen”4 July 2007, Geneva .< http://www.un.org/ecosoc/docs/stats/UNIDO.pdf>
10. Heifer strategy lies in fighting poverty and hunger through livestock enterprises. They gift a cow/goat or chickens etc to poor people and the recipients have to multiply the receipts over a period of time. Two goats into four or from two cows to three or four and share additions to another poor family and to extend the chain. Heifer calls it making the recipient a donor. More on this from http://www.heifer.org
11. World Vision is involved in micro credit, micro enterprise development and thereby poverty reduction in several Afro-Asian Countries. For more see www.worldvision.org/worldvision/appeals.nsf/stable/med_home
12. Egypt: A Poverty Profile - Presentation made by Professor Mahassen Mostafa Hassanin, National NGO Commission for Population and Development at the ICSW Civil Society Forum on Poverty February 11, 1999, New York.
13. CAFPAP, Improving livelihoods through Sustainable Management and Use of Natural Resources, http://www.iucn.org/themes/fcp/publications/files/cafpap-flyer-members.pdf
15. Kenya - coordinating UN collaborative programmes in poverty alleviation
16. Institute of Manpower Research, India Year Book 2002, Manpower Profile
17. Draft report on Study on Role, Contributions and Challenges of Small Scale Service and Business Enterprises in India, World Association for Small and Medium Enterprises, WASME, 2006
18. The Economic Times, New Delhi, dated 23-3-2007, Page-8
19. Alan Patricof and Julie Sunderland, Financial Times, August 9, 2004 (FT.com )
20. Gupta DN, ‘Outsourcing potentials from local governments and PPP at local government level at WASME Seminar on Small Cyber Enterprises: Business & Market Development for Sustaninability, 20 July, 2007 . Also, See, PPP Called for E-governance at Village Level, http://www.cio.in/news/viewArticle/ARTICLEID=3643
21. See Koshy P. ICT application, Rural Cyber Enterprises and Gram Swaraj, http://www.boloji.com/s