Ciriaci, Daria and Palma, Daniela (2010): Geography, environmental efficiency and Italian economic growth: a spatially-adapted Environmental Kuznets Curve.
Download (438Kb) | Preview
The present paper tests the hypothesis that environmental degradation and per capita income follow an inverted-U-shaped relationship (the so-called Environmental Kuznets Curve) at the Italian Nut3 level over the period 1990-2005. We adopt a spatial econometric approach to account for the localised nature of environmental damage. In this spatially-adapted EKC, we explicitly introduced the role of energy intensive sectors to control for local industrial structure. The experiment brought to light the existence of significant heterogeneity at the Italian Nut3 level and highlighted major differences between geographical clusters from the point of view of “ecological efficiency”.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Geography, environmental efficiency and Italian economic growth: a spatially-adapted Environmental Kuznets Curve|
|Keywords:||Environmental Kuznets curves; Spatial econometrics; global and local pollutants; Geographically Weighted Regression Model.|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
|Depositing User:||Daria Ciriaci|
|Date Deposited:||28. May 2010 18:31|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 07:11|
Agras, J., Chapman, D. (1999) A dynamic approach to the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis, Ecological Economics, 28, 267– 77.
Andreoni, J., Levinson, A. (2001) The simple analytics of the Environmental Kuznets Curve, Journal of Public Economics, 80, 269– 86.
Assocarta (2007) Le attività di Assocarta nel 2007, Roma: Edizione Tecniche Nuove.
Becattini G. (1987) Mercato e forze locali: il distretto industriale. Bologna: Il Mulino.
Bimonte, S. (2002) Information access, income distribution, and the Environmental Kuznets Curve, Ecological Economics, 41,145–56.
Ciriaci D., Palma D. (2008) The Role of Knowledge-based Supply Specialization for Competitiveness: a Spatial Econometric Approach, Papers in Regional Science, Special issue on Spatial Econometrics, 87, 453-75.
Cole, M.A., Rayner, A.J., Bates, J.M. (1997) The Environmental Kuznets Curve: an empirical analysis, Environment and Development Economics, 2, 401-16.
Cole, M.A. (2004) Trade, the pollution haven hypothesis and environmental Kuznets curve: examining the linkages, Ecological Economics, 48, 71-81.
Dasgupta, S., Laplante, B., Wang, H., Wheeler, D. (2002) Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16, 147–68.
Deacon R., Norman C. (2004) Is the environmental Kuznets curve an empirical regularity?. Economics Working Paper Series, 22-03. University of California at Santa Barbara.
Dinda, S., (2004) Environmental Kuznets curve Hypothesis: a survey, Ecological Economics, 49, 431-55.
Dijkgraaf, E., Vollebergh H.R.J. (1998), Growth and environment—is there a Kuznets curve for carbon emissions? in: Paper presented at the Second ESEE Conference, University of Geneva, Geneva.
European Commission (2007) Contributing to an integrated approach on competitiveness, energy and environment policies, Ensuring future sustainability and competitiveness of European enterprises in a carbon and resource constrained world, Fourth Report, Bruxelles.
Feldman, M. (1994) The geography of innovation. Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Fingleton B. (2001) Externalities, Economic Geography, and Spatial Econometrics: Conceptual and Modeling Developments, International Regional Science Review, 2, 197-207.
Fotheringham A.S., Brunsdon C., Charlton M. (2002) Geographically weighted regression. The analysis of spatially varying relationships. New York : John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Greunz, L. (2003) Geographically and Technologically Mediated Knowledge Spillovers between European Regions, The Annals of Regional Science, 37, 657-680.
Galeotti, M. (2007) Economic growth and the quality of the environment: taking stock, Environment, Development and Sustainability, 9, 427-54.
Graziani, A. (1978) The Mezzogiorno in the Italian Economy, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 2, 355-72.
Grossman, G.M., Krueger, A.B. (1993) Environmental impacts of the North American Free Trade Agreement. In: Garber, P. (Eds.) The U.S. –Mexico Free Trade Agreement, pp. 13–56. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Grossman, G.M., Krueger, A.B. (1996) The inverted-U: what does it mean? Environment and Development Economics, 2, 119–22.
Hardle, W. (1990) Applied nonparametric regression. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hastie T., Tibshirani R., Friedman J. (2001) The Elements of Statistical Learning: Data Mining, Inference and Prediction. Springer-Verlag. New York.
Holtz-Eakin, D. and T. M. Selden (1995), Stoking the fires? CO2 emissions and economic growth, Journal of Public Economics, 57, 85-101.
ISPRA (2009) Quinto rapporto sulla qualità dell’ambiente urbano, Rome.
ISTAT (2004) Statistiche dei Trasporti, Rome.
ISTAT (2009) Le emissioni atmosferiche delle attività produttive e delle famiglie, Rome.
Jaffe A., Newell, R., Stavins, R. (2005) A tale of two market failures: technology and environmental policy, Ecological Economics, 54, 164–74.
Jaffe A., Peterson, S., Portney, P., Stavins, R. (1995) Environmental regulation and the competitiveness of U.S. manufacturing: what does the evidence tell us?, Journal of Economic Literature, 33, 132–63.
Komen, R., Gerking, S., Folmer, H. (1997) Income and environmental R&D: empirical evidence from OECD countries, Environment and Development Economics, 2, 505–15.
Leung Y., Mei C.L., Zhang W.X. (2000a) Statistical tests for spatial nonstationarity based on the geographically weighted regression model, Environment and Planning A, 32, 9-32.
Leung Y, Mei CL, Zhang WX (2000b) Testing for spatial autocorrelation among the residuals of the geographically weighted regression, Environment and Planning A, 32, 971-890.
Loader, C. (1999) Local Regression and Likelihood, Springer. New York.
Maddison, D. (2006) Environmental Kuznets curves: a spatial econometric approach, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 51, 218-30.
Maddison, D. (2007) Modelling sulphur emissions in Europe: a spatial econometric approach, Oxford Economic Papers, 59, 726-743.
Magnani, E. (2000) The Environmental Kuznets Curve, environmental policy and income distribution, Ecological Economics, 32, 431–43.
Mazzanti, M., Zoboli, R. (2005) The Drivers of Environmental Innovation in Local Manufacturing Systems, Economia Politica, 22, 399-436.
Onida F. (2004) Se il piccolo non cresce. Piccole e medie imprese italiane in affanno. Bologna: Il Mulino.
Ordás Criado, C. (2007) Temporal and spatial homogeneity in air pollutants panel EKC estimations, Environmental and Resource Economics, forthcoming.
Paci R., Saba E. (1997) The empirics of regional economic growth in Italy, 1951-1993, Contributi di ricerca, Crenos.
Panayotou, T. (1993) Empirical tests and policy analysis of environmental degradation at different stages of economic development, ILO, Technology and Employment Programme, Geneva.
Perman R., Stern D. (2003) Evidence from panel unit root and cointegration tests that the Environmental Kuznets Curve does not exist, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 47, 325-47.
Porter, M.E., Van der Linde, C. (1995) Toward a new conception of the environment-competitiveness relationship, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9, 97-118.
Stern, D. I. and M. S. Common (2001) Is there an environmental Kuznets curve for sulfur?, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 41, 162-78.
Stern, D. (2000), Applying Recent Developments in Time Series Econometrics to the Spatial Domain, The Professional Geographer, 52:37-49.
Suri, V., Chapman, D. (1998) Economic growth, trade and energy: implications for the environmental Kuznets curve, Ecological Economics, 25,195-208.
Torras, M., Boyce, J.K. (1998) Income, inequality, and pollution: a reassessment of the environmental Kuznets curve, Ecological Economics, 25, 147–60.
Vukina, T., Beghin, J.C., Solakoglu, E.G. (1999) Transition to markets and the environment: effects of the change in the composition of manufacturing output, Environment and Development Economics, 4, 582-98.
Wheeler, D., Tiefelsdorf, M. (2005) Multicollinearity and correlation among local regression coefficients in geographically weighted regression, Journal of Geographical Systems, 7, 1-28.
Wheeler, D. (2007) Diagnostic tools and a remedial method for collinearity in geographically weighted regression, Environment and Planning, 39, 2464-81.