Ahmad Bello, Dogarawa (2006): Combating Poverty Through Self Reliance: The Islamic Approach. Published in: Journal of Business Administration , Vol. 1, No. 1 (2006): pp. 64-79.
Download (138kB) | Preview
Poverty comes at the head of man’s present plight hence, the need to combat it. Self-reliance as a mean of eradicating poverty has become a concept central to Nigeria’s policy in recent years. The major problem of the policy however, is that its approach lacks ethics, juridical elements, divine regulations, and ability to shape and direct the attitude and behaviour of the people toward it, which make it difficult for them to embrace it with deserved seriousness. Many Nigerians do not recognise their religious and moral obligation to become self-reliant and economically independent. The objective of this paper is to examine the Islamic approach to self-reliance as a means of combating poverty. The paper is a literature survey and data is presented based on direct deductions from the Qur’an and Sunnah (the sayings, deeds and approvals of the Prophet) and on the writings of prominent scholars. The paper confirms that self-reliance, as a means of combating poverty is embedded in the Islamic economic system. It also posits that dependence of any able effortless person on somebody else for a livelihood is a religious sin, social stigma and disgraceful humility. The paper further identifies work and strives as the first weapon for alleviating poverty. The paper finally recommends that the Islamic approach to self-reliance as a means of eradicating poverty be implemented as an alternative to the secular approach as that will go a long way in eradicating poverty in Nigeria.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Combating Poverty Through Self Reliance: The Islamic Approach|
|Keywords:||Islam; Qur'an; Sunnah; Ijmah; Zakah; Sadaqah|
|Subjects:||B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B1 - History of Economic Thought through 1925 > B19 - Other|
|Depositing User:||Ahmad Bello Dogarawa|
|Date Deposited:||09. Jun 2010 03:13|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 22:51|
Aigbokhan, B.E. (2000): Poverty, Growth and Inequality in Nigeria: A Case Study, African Economic Research Consortium, Nairobi, Kenya
Ali, A. (1990): Islam and the Challenge of Poverty, Sterling Publishers (P) Limited, New Delhi, Pakistan.
Bello, M.S. (2003): Personal Financial Planning Strategies, Paper Presented at the Department of Accounting, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Central Bank of Nigeria (1997): Economic and Financial Review, Vol. 35 No 3, September
DFID (2000, 2001 and 2005): Background Issues on Nigeria, at www.dfid.gov.uk
Dogarawa, A.B. (2003): “Ethical Issues and Implementation of Islamic Policies for Poverty Eradication”, Background Issues to Ethics in Accounting, Proceedings of the 1st National Conference on Ethical Issues in Accounting, Bayero University, Kano
Elumilade, D.O., Asaolu, T.O. and Adereti, S.A. (2006): “Appraising the Institutional Framework for Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Nigeria”, International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, at http://www.eurojournals.com/finance.htm
Federal Office of Statistics (1996, 1997, 1999 and 2001): Poverty Profile for Nigeria 1980-1996, Federal Office of Statistics, Lagos
Garba, A. (2006): Alleviating Poverty in Northern Nigeria, Paper Presented at the Annual Convention of Zumunta Association, USA, Retrieved from http://www.zumunta.org/Convention%202006/Alleviating%20Poverty%20in%20Northern%20Nigeria.doc
Garuba, A. (2004): Adult Education and Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Nigeria: A Case for Harmonization, Retrieved from http://www.google.com
Hanson, J.L. (1974): A Dictionary of Economics and Commerce, Macdonald & Evans Ltd., London.
Haq, I.U. (1996): Economic Doctrines of Islam: A Study in the Doctrines and their Implications for Poverty, Employment and Economic Growth, The International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon, U.S.A.
Haveman, R. and Bershadker, A. (1998): Self-Reliance and Poverty, The Jerome Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, New York
Hornby, A.S. (2001): Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 6th edition, Oxford University Press, U.K.
ICPD (2002): Eradication of Poverty: Basis for Action and Objectives, at www.economic_issues.net
Kamal, Y. (1998): The Principles of the Islamic Economic System, Islamic Inc. Publishing and Distribution, Cairo, Egypt.
Kolo, M.A. (2004): The Economic Dimensions of Sharia in Northern Nigeria – Case Studies: Borno and Yobe States, Paper Presented at the Fifth In-House Forum on The Economic Dimensions of Sharia in Northern Nigeria, at htpp://www.boellnigeria.org/documents/sidop
Lewis, M., Cocciarelli, S. and Melcher, J. (1999): Combating Poverty with Assisted Self-Help, Centre for Urban Affairs, Michigan State University, U.S.A
Mika’ilu, A.S. (2000): “A Reflection on the Phenomenon of Poverty in Nigeria and the Islamic Framework for Reform”, In al-Ijtihad, No.2, Vol.2, The International Institute of Islamic Thought Nigeria Office, Kano, Nigeria.
Mukhopadhyay, B.G. (2005): Eradicating Poverty through Profit, at http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/pressrels
O’Brien, C. (1995): Combating Poverty, at http://www.iisd.org/worldsd/canada/project
Qardawi, Y. (1986): Mushkilat al-Faqr wa Kaifa Aalajaha al-Islaam (Arabic), Maktabah Wahba, Cairo, Egypt.
Ravallion, M. and Bidani, B. (1994): “How Robust is a Poverty Profile”? The World Bank Economic Review, Retrieved from http://www.google.com
Sachs, J. (2004): Can World Poverty End? Retrieved from http://www.google.com
UN Information Unit (2005): Implementing Sustainable Development through Political Will and Self-Reliance, at http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/pressrels
UNDP (2000): “Overcoming Human Poverty”, In Poverty Report 2000, New York, U.S.A.
Usmani, T. (2000): The Economic Challenge for the Ummah, International Conference of the World Muslim Congress, at www.alseraj.com/maktaba/kotob/english
Wasserman, Miriam (2002): “Education Pay for Some than Others”, In Regional Review, Vol.12 No. 1, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, M.A.
World Bank (1992): Poverty Reduction Handbook, The World Bank, Washington D.C., U.S.A
World Bank (1996): Nigeria: Poverty in the midst of Plenty - The Challenge of Growth with Inclusion, The World Bank, Washington D.C., U.S.A
World Bank (1999, 2000): World Development Report: Attacking Poverty, The World Bank, Washington D.C., U.S.A