Garcia, Luis (2007): Who does the chores? Estimation of a household production function in Peru.
Download (208Kb) | Preview
In less developed countries like Peru, it is very frequent to observe that, in poor households, parents and children work together doing household work in their own home. This fact is even more evident among girls, who work at home cleaning, cooking, taking care of younger siblings, etc., which may deter them from attending school. In the current literature on child labour, it is always assumed that this occurs because girls are more productive at home than boys; therefore is more likely to observe girls staying home and boys working in the labour market. To check to what extent this common assumption is true, this paper estimates the determinants of household work in Peru, and obtains the parameters of the production function of “chores”. Since the total amount of “chores” is not observable, I use wages and the first order conditions of a standard time allocation model to estimate the model. The estimated production function is consistent with a strictly concave production function in which the inputs are substitutes. It also shows that girls have a higher marginal product than boys in the production of “chores”. All data was taken from the Peruvian Living Standard Measurement Survey of 1997 and 2000.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Who does the chores? Estimation of a household production function in Peru|
|English Title:||Who does the chores? Estimation of a household production function in Peru|
|Keywords:||time allocation, household work, child labor|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
|Depositing User:||Luis Garcia|
|Date Deposited:||11. Jun 2010 10:54|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 16:52|
Becker, Gary S. (1965). “A theory of the allocation of time.” The Economic Journal 75, no. 299: 493-517.
Bhalotra, Sonia. (2001). Is child work necessary? Social Protection Discussion Paper Series. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Binder, Melissa and David Scrogin. (1999). “Labor force participation and household work of urban schoolchildren in Mexico: characteristics and consequences.” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 48, no.1: 123-154.
Birdsall, Nancy and Susan E. Cochrane. (1982). “Education and parental decision making: a two generation approach.” In Education and Development, ed. Anderson Lascelles and Douglas M. Windham, . Lexington Mass.: Lexington Books, D.C. Heath and Company.
Brown, Drusilla K., Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern. (2003). “U.S. trade and other policy options and programs to deter foreign exploitation of Child Labor”. Discussion paper 99-04, Medford, M.A.: Tufts University, Department of Economics.
DeGraff, Deborah S., Richard E. Bilsborrow and Alejandro N. Herrin. (1996). “Children’s education in the Philippines: does high fertility matter?” Population Research and Policy Review 15, no.3: 219-247.
DeGraff, Deborah S., Richard E. Bilsborrow. (2003). “Children’s school enrollment and time at work in the Philippines.” Journal of Developing Areas 15, no.1: 127-158.
Fishe, Raymond P.H., R.P. Trost and Philip M. Lurie. (1981). “Labor force earnings and college choice of young women: an examination of selectivity bias and comparative advantage”. Economics of Education Review 1, no. 2: 169-191.
Garcia, Luis. (2006). “Child labor, home production and the family labor supply”. Revista de Analisis Economico 21, no.1: 59-79.
Gronau, Reuben. (1977). “Leisure, home production, and work – the theory of the allocation of time revisited.” Journal of Political Economy 85, no.6: 1099-1123.
Kerkhofs, Marcel and Peter Kooreman. (2003). “Identification and estimation of a class of household production models.” Journal of Applied Econometrics 18: 337-369.
Kotz, Samuel; N. Balakrishna and Norman L. Johnson. (2000). Continuous Multivariate Distributions: Volume 1: Models and Applications. New York: Wiley.
Lee, Lung-Fei, G.S. Maddala and R.P. Trost. (1980). “Asymptotic covariance matrices of two-stage probit and tobit methods of simultaneous equations models with selectivity.” Econometrica 48, no. 2: 491-504.
Levison, Deborah and Karine S. Moe. (1998). “Household work as a deterrent to schooling: an analysis of adolescent girls in Peru.” Journal of Developing Areas 32 (Spring): 339-356.
Maddala, G.S. (1983). Limited-Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Newman, John L. and Paul J. Gertler. (1994). “Family productivity, labor supply and welfare in a low income country.” Journal of Human Resources 29, no. 4. Special Issue: The family and intergenerational relations (Autumn): 989-1026.
Ransom, Michael M. (1987). “An empirical model of discrete and continuous choice in family labor supply.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 69, no. 3: 465-472.
Skoufias, E. (1994). “Market wages, family composition and the time allocation of children in agricultural households.” Journal of Development Studies 30: 335-360.
Tunali, Insan. (1986). “A general structure for models of double-selection and an application to a joint migration/earnings process with remigration”. Research in Labor Economics 8, Part B: 235-282.