Benczes, István and Szent-Iványi, Balázs (2010): State–society relations in a dynamic framework: The case of the Far East and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Download (169kB) | Preview
According to the textbook approach, the developmental states of the Far East have been considered as strong and autonomous entities. Although their bureaucratic elites have remained isolated from direct pressures stemming from society, the state capacity has also been utilised in order to allocate resources in the interest of the whole society. Yet, society – by and large –has remained weak and subordinated to the state elite. On the other hand, the general perception of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has been just the opposite. The violent and permanent conflict amongst rent-seeking groups for influence and authority over resources has culminated in a situation where states have become extremely weak and fragmented, while society – depending on the capacity of competing groups for mobilising resources to organise themselves mostly on a regional or local level (resulting in local petty kingdoms) – has never had the chance to evolve as a strong player. State failure in the literature, therefore, – in the context of SSA – refers not just to a weak and captured state but also to a non-functioning, and sometimes even non-existent society, too. Recently, however, the driving forces of globalisation might have triggered serious changes in the above described status quo. Accordingly, our hypothesis is the following: globalisation, especially the dynamic changes of technology, capital and communication have made the simplistic “strong state–weak society” (in Asia) and “weak state–weak society” (in Africa) categorisation somewhat obsolete. While our comparative study has a strong emphasis on the empirical scrutiny of trying to uncover the dynamics of changes in state–society relations in the two chosen regions both qualitatively and quantitatively, it also aims at complementing the meaning and essence of the concepts and methodology of stateness, state capacity and state-society relations, the well-known building blocks of the seminal works of Evans (1995), Leftwich (1995), Migdal (1988) or Myrdal (1968).
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||State–society relations in a dynamic framework: The case of the Far East and Sub-Saharan Africa|
|Keywords:||development state; failed state; state autonomy; state capacity|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy > O25 - Industrial Policy
P - Economic Systems > P4 - Other Economic Systems > P45 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid
P - Economic Systems > P5 - Comparative Economic Systems > P51 - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
|Depositing User:||Istvan Benczes|
|Date Deposited:||20. Jun 2010 04:30|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 14:21|
Ackah, Charles – Morrissey, Oliver (2005): “Trade Policy and Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa Since The 1980s”. CREDIT Research Paper No. 05/13
Amsden, Alice H. (1989): Asia's next giant – South Korea and late industrialization. Oxford University Press, New York.
Balassa, Béla (1981): The newly industrializing countries in the world economy. Pergamon Press, New York.
Benczes, István (2000): “Gerschenkronian anachronism” In: Bara, Zoltán – Csaba, László (eds.): Small economies’ adjustment to global tendencies. Aula – EACES Publication, Budapest, pp. 129-150.
Bevan, David – Collier, Paul – Gunning, Jan Willem (1999): “Anatomy of a temporary trade shock. The Kenyan coffee boom of 1976-1979” In: Collier, Paul –Gunning, Jan Willem, eds, Trade Shocks in Developing Countries. Volume 1: Africa. Oxford University Press, Oxford
Brennan, G. – Buchanan, James (1980): The Power to tax: Analytical foundations of a fiscal constitution, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brownbridge, R. – Kirkpatrick, D (1999): Financial sector regulation: lessons of Asian crisis. Development Policy Review, 17:3..
Buchanan James – Tollison, Robert – Gordon Tullock (1980): Toward a theory of the rent-seeking society, College Station : Texas A & M University
Callaghy, Thomas (1987): “The state as lame Leviathan. The patrimonial administrative state in Africa” In Zaki, Ergas, ed, The African State in Transition. MacMillan, London
Chu, Yun-han (1989): “State structure and economic adjustment of the East Asian newly industrializing countries” International Organization 43(4): 647-672.
Collier, Paul – Gunning, Jan Willem, eds (1999): Trade Shocks in Developing Countries. Volume 1: Africa. Oxford University Press, Oxford
Collier, Paul (2007): The Bottom Billion. Oxford University Press, Oxford
Dollar, David – Levin, Victoria (2004): “The Increasing Selectivity of Foreign Aid, 1984-2002”. World Bank Policy Research Paper 3299.
Easterly, William – Levine, Ross (1997): “Africa’s Growth Tragedy. Policies and Ethnic Divisions”. Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(4): 1203-1250
Easterly, William (2005): “Reliving the ‘50s: the Big Push, Poverty Traps, and Takeoffs in Economic Development”. Center for Global Development Working Paper 65, Washington
Eifert, Benn – Gelb, Alan – Tallroth, Nils Borje (2002): “The political economy of fiscal policy and economic management in oil exporting countries.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2899
Evans, Peter B. (1995): Embedded autonomy: states and industrial transformation. Princeton University Press.
Fearon, James D. (2005): “Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War”, Journal of Conflict Resolution 49(4): 483-507.
Goldsmith, Arthur A. (1999): “Africa’s Overgrown State Reconsidered: Bureaucracy and Economic Growth”. World Politics 51(4): 520-546
Grindle, Merilee S. – Thomas, John W. (1991): Public choices and policy change. The political economy of reform in developing countries. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.
Hayek, Friedrich A. (1995): Piac és szabadság. (Market and freedom) KJK, Budapest.
Hyden, Göran (1983): No Shortcuts to Progress: African Development Management in Perspective. Heinemann, London
Johnson, Chalmers (1982): MITI and the Japanese miracle. Stanford University Press, Stanford
Krasner, Stephen (1978): Defending the national interest. Princeton University Press, Princeton
Knack, Stephen – Rahman, Aminur (2004): “Donor Fragmentation and Bureaucratic Quality in Aid Recipients” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3186.
Krueger, Anne (1993): Political economy of policy reform in developing countries, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Leftwich, Adrian (1995): “Bringing politics back in: towards a model of the developmental state” The Journal of Developmental Studies 31(3): 400-427.
Luiz, John M. (2000): “The politics of state, society and economy” International Journal of Social Economics 27(3): 227-243.
MacIntyre, A. J. – Jayasuriya, K. (1995): “The politics and economics of economic policy reform in South-east Asia and the South-west Pacific” In: MacIntyre, A. J. – Jayasuriya, K., eds, The dynamics of economic policy reform. Oxford University Press
Meier, Gerald M. (1995): Leading issues in economic development. Oxford University Press
Meier, Gerald M. (2001): “The old generation of development economics and the new” In: Meier, G. – Stiglitz, J., eds, Frontiers of development economics: the future in prespective. World Bank and Oxford University Press, pp. 13-50.
Migdal, Joel (1988): Strong societies or weak states: state-society relations and state capacities in the Third World. Princeton University Press
Mkandawire, Thandika (2001): “Thinking about developmental states in Africa” Cambridge Journal of Economics 25: 289-313.
Mueller, Dennis (1989): Public choice. Cambridge University Press
Myrdal, Gunnar (1968): Asian drama: an inquiry into the poverty of nations. Penguin, Harmondsworth
Niskanen, W. A. (1971): Bureaucracy and representative government. Aldien Athertone, Chicago
Rosenstein-Rodan, Paul N. (1961): “Notes on the theory of big push” In: Howard, S. E., ed, Economic development for Latin America. Macmillan, New York.
Rotberg, Robert I. (2002): “The New Nature of Nation-State Failure”. The Washington Quarterly 25(3): 85-96.
Skocpol, Theda (1985): “Bringing the state back in: Strategies of analysis in current research” In: Evans, Peter – Rueschemeyer, Dietrich – Skocpol, Theda (eds.) Bringing the state back in. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 3-43.
Stepan, Alfred (1985): “State power and the strength of civil society in the Southern cone of Latin America” In: Evans, Peter – Rueschemeyer, Dietrich – Skocpol, Theda (eds.) Bringing the state back in. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 317-346.
Stubbs, Richard (2005): Rethinking Asia’s Economic Miracle: The Political Economy of War, Prosperity and Crisis. Palgrave MacMillan.
Tilly, Charles (1985): “War making and state making as organised crime” In: Evans, Peter – Rueschemeyer, Dietrich – Skocpol, Theda (eds.) Bringing the state back in. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 169-191.
Van de Walle, Nicolas (2001): African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis, 1979-1999. Cambridge University Press, New York
Wade, Robert (1990): Governing the market: economic theory and the role of government in East Asian industrialization. Princeton University Press, New Jersey
Waelbroeck, Jean (1998): “Half a century of development economics” The World Bank Economic Review, 12:2, pp.323-352.