Munich Personal RePEc Archive

"Fortress Europe" in long-term perspective: agricultural protection in the European Community, 1957-2003

Spoerer, Mark (2010): "Fortress Europe" in long-term perspective: agricultural protection in the European Community, 1957-2003. Forthcoming in: Journal of European Integration History

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Abstract

Since its inception, the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been discussed controversely. Data from the OECD and the World Bank show that the protectionist effects of the CAP between the 1960s and the 1980s were larger than those of its national predecessors. Moreover, there is evidence that already the piecemeal reforms of the 1980s re-duced the level of protection and support in the EU, that is prior to the MacSharry reform of 1992.

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