Gould, Eric and Kaplan, Todd R (2010): Learning unethical practices from a co-worker: the peer effect of Jose Canseco.
Download (863Kb) | Preview
This paper examines the issue of whether workers learn productive skills from their co-workers, even if those skills are unethical. Specifically, we estimate whether Jose Canseco, a star baseball player in the late 1980’s and 1990’s, affected the performance of his teammates by introducing them to steroids. Using panel data, we show that a player’s performance increases significantly after they played with Jose Canseco. After checking 30 comparable players from the same era, we find that no other baseball player produced a similar effect. Furthermore, the positive effect of Canseco disappears after 2003, the year that drug testing was implemented. These results suggest that workers not only learn productive skills from their co-workers, but sometimes those skills may derive from unethical practices. These findings may be relevant to many workplaces where competitive pressures create incentives to adopt unethical means to boost productivity and profits. Our analysis leads to several potential policy implications designed to reduce the spread of unethical behavior among workers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Learning unethical practices from a co-worker: the peer effect of Jose Canseco|
|Keywords:||Peer Effects, Corruption, Crime, Externalities|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity|
|Depositing User:||Todd R Kaplan|
|Date Deposited:||03. Aug 2010 17:48|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 21:38|
Addona, Vittorio, and Jeremy Roth. "Quantifying the Effect of Performance-Enhancing Drug Use on Fastball Velocity in Major League Baseball," Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 6(2), 2010, 1--14.
Angrist, Joshua D., and Kevin Lang. "Does School Integration Generate Peer effects? Evidence from Boston's Metco Program," American Economic Review, 94(5), December 2004, 1613-1634.
Banndiera, Oriana, Iwan Barankay, and Imran Rasul. "Social Preferences and the Response to Incentives: Evidence from Personnel Data," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(3), 2005, 917-962.
Bandiera, Oriana, Iwan Barankay, and Imran Rasul. "Social Incentives in the Workplace," Review of Economic Studies, 77(2), 2010, 417-458.
Bayer, Patrick, Randi Hjalmarsson, and David Pozen, "Building Criminal Capital Behind Bars: Peer Effects in Juvenile Corrections," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124(1), 2009, 105-147.
Bryant, Howard. "Juicing the Game: Drugs, Power, and the Fight for the Soul of Major League Baseball," Viking, New York, USA. 2005.
Canseco, Jose. "Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits, and How Baseball Got Big," William Morrow, February 2005.
Carrell, Scott E., Frederick V. Malmstrom, James E. West. "Peer Effects in Academic Cheating." Journal of Human Resources 43(1), Winter 2008, 173--207.
De Vany, Arthur, "Steroids and Home Runs," Economic Inquiry, 2010, forthcoming.
Dinardo, John and Jason Winfree, "The Law of Genius and Home Runs Refuted," Economic Inquiry, 48(1), 2010, 51--64.
Duggan, Mark, and Steven D. Levitt. "Winning Isn't Everything: Corruption in Sumo Wrestling," American Economic Review, 92(5), 2002, 1594-1605.
Edin, Per-Anders, Peter Fredriksson, and Olof Åslund, "Ethnic Enclaves and the Economic Success of Immigrants -- Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Quarterly Journal of Economics, CXVIII (2003), 329-357.
Falk, Armin, and Andrea Ichino, "Clean Evidence on Peer Effects," Journal of Labor Economics, 2006, 24 (1), 39-57.
Glaeser, Edward L., Bruce Sacerdote, and Jose A. Scheinkman, "Crime and Social Interactions," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 111 (2), (1996), 507-548.
Goldstein, Noah J., Robert B. Cialdini, and Vladas Griskevicius, "A Room with a Viewpoint: Using Social Norms to Motivate Environmental Conservation in Hotels," Journal of Consumer Research, 35 (3), 2008, 472-482.
Gould, Eric D., and Eyal Winter. "Interactions Between Workers and the Technology of Production: Evidence from Professional Baseball," Review of Economics and Statistics, 91 (1), February 2009, 188--200.
Gould, Eric D., Victor Lavy, and M. Daniele Paserman. "Immigrating to Opportunity: Estimating the Effects of School Quality Using a Natural Experiment on Ethiopians in Israel." Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 2004, 119 (2), 489-526.
Gould, Eric D., Victor Lavy, and M. Daniele Paserman. "Does Immigration Affect the Long-Term Educational Outcomes of Natives? Quasi-Experimental Evidence," Economic Journal, 119 (540), October 2009, 1243--1269.
Gould, Eric D., Weinberg, Bruce A., and David Mustard. "Crime and Local Labor Market Opportunities in the United States: 1979-1997," Review of Economics and Statistics, 84 (1), February 2002, 45-61.
Guryan, Jonathan, "Desegregation and Black Dropout Rates," American Economic Review, 94(4), September 2004, 919-943.
Guryan, Jonathan, Kory Kroft, and Matt Notowidigdo "Peer Effects in the Workplace: Evidence from Random Groupings in Professional Golf Tournaments," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, October 2009, 1(4), 34-68.
Hanushek, Eric, John F. Kain, and Steven G. Rivkin. "New Evidence About Brown V. Board of Education: The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement," NBER Working Paper No. 8741, 2002.
Hesch, Joel D. Reward: Collecting Millions for Reporting Tax Evasion, Your Complete Guide to the IRS Whistleblower Reward Program, Liberty University Press, 2009.
Hoxby, Caroline M. "Peer Effects in the Classroom: Learning from Gender and Race Variation," NBER Working Paper No. 7867, August 2000.
Ichino, Andrea, and Giovanni Maggi. "Work Environment and Individual Background: Explaining Regional Shirking Differententials in a Large Italian Firm," Quarterly Journal of Economics, CXV(3), August 2000, 1057-1090.
Jacob, Brian A. "Public Housing, Housing Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from Public Housing Demolitions in Chicago," American Economic Review 94(1), March 2004, 233-258.
Jacob, Brian A., and Steven D. Levitt. "Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118 (3), 843-877.
Kandel, Eugene, and E. P. Lazear. "Peer Pressure and Partnerships," Journal of Political Economy, 100 (4), 1992, 801-817.
Katz, Lawrence F., Jeffrey R. Kling, and Jeffrey B. Liebman. "Moving to Opportunity in Boston: Early Results from a Randomized Mobility Experiment," Quarterly Journal of Economics CXVI (2001), 607-654.
Kuziemko, Ilyana, and Eric Werker. "How Much Is a Seat on the Security Council Worth? Foreign Aid and Bribery at the United Nations," Journal of Political Economy, 2006, 114 (5), 905-930.
Mas, Alexandre, and Enrico Moretti. "Peers at Work." American Economic Review, 99(1), 2009, 112--45.
Mitchell, George J. "Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball," http://files.mlb.com/mitchrpt.pdf, December 2007.
Oreopoulos, Philip. "The Long-Run Consequences of Living in a Poor Neighborhood," Quarterly Journal of Economics, CXVIII (4), (2003), 1533-1575.
Sacerdote, Bruce. "Peer Effects with Random Assignment: Results for Dartmouth Roommates," Quarterly Journal of Economics, CXVI (2001), 681-704.
Schmotzer, Brian, Patrick D. Kilgo, and Jeff Switchenko. "Did Steroid Use Enhance the Performance of the Mitchell Batters? The Effect of Alleged Performance Enhancing Drug Use on Offensive Performance from 1995 to 2007," Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 4(3), 2008, 1--14.
Schmotzer, Brian, Patrick D. Kilgo, and Jeff Switchenko. "The Natural? The effect of steroids on offensive performance in baseball," Chance, 22(2), 2009, 21--32.
Verducci, Tom. "Steroids in Baseball: Confessions of an MVP," Sports Illustrated, June 3, 2002.
Weinberg, Bruce A., Patricia B. Reagan, and Jeffrey J. Yankow. "Do Neighborhoods Affect Hours Worked: Evidence from Longitudinal Data," Journal of Labor Economics, 2004, 22 (4), 891-924.
Winter, Eyal. "Incentives and Discrimination," American Economic Review, 94 (3), (2004), 764-773.
Wolfers, Justin. "Point Shaving: Corruption in NCAA Basketball," American Economic Review 96(2), May 2006, 279-283.
Zimmerman, David J. "Peer Effects in Academic Outcomes: Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Review of Economics and Statistics, LXXXV (2003), 9-23.