Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Financial Deregulation and Profit Efficiency: A Non-parametric Analysis of Indian Banks

Ghosh, Saibal (2009): Financial Deregulation and Profit Efficiency: A Non-parametric Analysis of Indian Banks. Published in: Journal of Economics and Business , Vol. 61, No. 6 (November 2009): pp. 509-528.

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Abstract

The paper investigates the performance of Indian commercial banking sector during the post reform period 1992-2004. The results indicate high levels of efficiency in costs and lower levels in profits, reflecting the importance of inefficiencies on the revenue side of banking activity. The decomposition of profit efficiency shows that a large portion of outlay lost is due to allocative inefficiency. The proximate determinants of profit efficiency appears to suggest that big state-owned banks performed reasonably well and are more likely to operate at higher levels of profit efficiency. A close relationship is observed between efficiency and soundness as determined by bank’s capital adequacy ratio. The empirical results also show that the profit efficient banks are those that have, on an average, less non-performing loans.

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