Haeussler, Carolin (2010): Information-Sharing in Academia and the Industry: A Comparative Study. Forthcoming in: Research Policy
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This paper investigates how scientists decide whether to share information with their colleagues or not. Detailed data on the decisions of 1,694 bio-scientists allow to detect similarities and differences between academia-based and industry-based scientists. Arguments from social capital theory are applied to explain why individuals share information even at (temporary) personal cost. In both realms, the results suggest that the likelihood of sharing decreases with the competitive value of the requested information. Factors related to social capital, i.e., expected reciprocity and the extent to which a scientist’s community conforms to the norm of open science, either directly affect information-sharing or moderate competitive interest considerations on information-sharing. The effect depends on the system to which a scientist belongs.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Information-Sharing in Academia and the Industry: A Comparative Study|
|Keywords:||information-sharing; social capital; reciprocity; open science; bio-sciences; IP protection mechanisms|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D21 - Firm Behavior: Theory
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D03 - Behavioral Economics; Underlying Principles
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D02 - Institutions: Design, Formation, and Operations
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Carolin Häussler|
|Date Deposited:||16. Aug 2010 01:06|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 19:13|
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