Knack, Stephen (2002): Social capital, growth and poverty: a survey of cross-country evidence. Published in: The Role of Social Capital in Development: An Empirical Assessment (2002): pp. 42-84.
Download (478kB) | Preview
This chapter surveys the major contributions to the rapidly growing empirical literature on social capital and economic performance, focusing primarily on cross-country approaches. It first addresses characteristics of governments that fall under broad definitions of the term social capital. It then reviews studies of “civil,” or nongovernmental, social capital.
Most of this literature explores the determinants of growth in per capita income, devoting no attention to distributional effects. This chapter is a preliminary attempt to fill that gap by providing new cross-country evidence on the effects of social capital on poverty and the distribution of income.
This chapter is limited primarily to cross-country studies of social capital and economic performance. It does not attempt to comprehensively review regional-, village-, or individual-level analysis or the expanding literature on social capital’s impact on noneconomic outcomes, such as health, education, or crime. Nor does it examine the rapidly growing body of work that explores the determinants of social capital.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Social capital, growth and poverty: a survey of cross-country evidence|
|Keywords:||social capital, development, trust, norms|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O11 - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Stephen Knack|
|Date Deposited:||11. Sep 2010 10:06|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 23:14|
Alesina, Alberto, and Allen Drazen. 1991. “Why Are Stabilizations Delayed?” American Economic Review 81 (5): 1170–88.
Alesina, Alberto, and Roberto Perotti. 1996. “Income Distribution, Political Instability, and Investment.” European Economic Review 40 (6): 1203–28.
Alesina, Alberto, and Dani Rodrik. 1994. “Distributive Politics and Economic Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 109 (2): 465–90.
Alesina, Alberto, Reza Baqir, and William Easterly. 1999. “Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114 (4): 1243-84.
Alesina, Alberto, Sule Ozler, Nouriel Roubini, and Phillip Swagel. 1996. “Political Instability and Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Growth 1 (2): 189–211.
Almond, Gabriel A., and Sidney Verba. 1963. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.
Banks, Arthur S. 1993. “Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive.” State University of New York at Binghampton, Department of Political Science.
Barro, Robert. 1991. “Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of Countries.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 106 (2): 407–33.
———. 1996. “Democracy and Growth.” Journal of Economic Growth 1 (1): 1–27.
Barro, Robert, and Jong-wha Lee. 1993. “International Comparisons of Educational Attainment.” Journal of Monetary Economics 32 (3): 363–94.
Berg, Andrew, and Jeffrey Sachs. 1988. “The Debt Crisis: Structural Explanations of Country Performance.” Journal of Development Economics 29 (3): 271–306.
Bergsten, Gordon S. 1985. “On the Role of Social Norms in a Market Economy.” Public Choice 45 (2): 113–37.
Bernstein, Lisa. 1992. “Opting Out of the Legal System: Extralegal Contractual Relations in the Diamond Industry.” Journal of Legal Studies 21 (1): 115–57.
Bilson, John F. O. 1982. “Civil Liberty: An Econometric Investigation.” Kyklos 35 (1): 94–114.
Borner, Silvio, Aymo Brunetti, and Beatrice Weder. 1995. Political Credibility and Economic Development. London: Macmillan.
Brunetti, Aymo, Gregory Kisunko, and Beatrice Weder. 1997. “Credibility of Rules and Economic Growth.” Policy Research Working Paper 1760. World Bank, Office of the Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, Development Economics, Washington, D.C.
Bruno, Michael, Martin Ravallion, and Lyn Squire. 1998. “Equity and Growth in Developing Countries: Old and New Perspectives on the Policy Issues.” In V. Tanzi and K. Chu, eds., Income Distribution and High-Quality Growth. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Burkhart, Ross, and Michael Lewis-Beck. 1994. “Comparative Democracy: The Economic Development Thesis.” American Political Science Review 88 (4): 903–10.
Chong, Alberto, and Cesar Calderon. 2000. “Causality and Feedback Between Institutional Measures and Economic Growth.” Economics and Politics, 12 (1): 69-81.
Clague, Christopher, Philip Keefer, Stephen Knack, and Mancur Olson. 1999. “Contract-Intensive Money.” Journal of Economic Growth 4(2): 185-211.
Collier, Paul. 1998a. “Social Capital and Poverty.” World Bank, Development Research Group, Washington, D.C.
———. 1998b. “The Political Economy of Ethnicity.” Centre for the Study of African Economies Working Paper Series, WPS/98-8.
Coplin, William, Michael K. O'Leary, and Tom Sealy. 1991. Political Risk Services: A Business Guide to Political Risk for International Decisions. Syracuse, N.Y.: Political Risk Services, Inc.
Dawson, John W. 1998. “Institutions, Investment , and Growth: New Cross-Country and Panel Data Evidence.” Economic Inquiry 36 (4): 603–19.
de Soto, Hernando. 1989. The Other Path: The Invisible Revolution in the Third World. New York: Harper and Row.
Deininger, Klaus, and Lyn Squire. 1996. “A New Data Set: Measuring Income Inequality.” World Bank Economic Review 10 (3): 565–92.
Easterly, William, and Ross Levine. 1997. “Africa’s Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 112 (4): 1203–50.
Fukuyama, Francis. 1995. Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: Free Press.
Gastil, Raymond D. 1990. “The Comparative Survey of Freedom: Experiences and Suggestions.” Studies in Comparative International Development 25 (1): 25–50.
Granato, Jim, Ronald Inglehart, and David Leblang. 1996a. “Cultural Values, Stable Democracy, and Economic Development: A Reply.” American Journal of Political Science 40 (3): 680–96.
———. 1996b. “The Effect of Cultural Values on Economic Development: Theory, Hypotheses, and Some Empirical Tests.” American Journal of Political Science 40 (3): 607–31.
Greif, Avner. 1993. “Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in Early Trade: The Maghribi Trader’s Coalition.” American Economic Review 83 (3): 525–48.
———. 1994. “Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies.” Journal of Political Economy 102 (5): 912–50.
Grier, Kevin B., and Gordon Tullock. 1989. “An Empirical Analysis of Cross-National Economic Growth, 1951–80.” Journal of Monetary Economics 24 (2): 259–76.
Grootaert, Christian. 1999. “Social Capital, Household Welfare and Poverty in Indonesia.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2148. Washington, D.C.
Gupta, D. K. 1990. The Economics of Political Violence: The Effect of Political Instability on Economic Growth. New York: Praeger.
Gwartney, James, Robert Lawson, and Walter Block. 1996. Economic Freedom of the World: 1975–95. Vancouver, British Columbia.: Fraser Institute.
Helliwell, John. 1994. “Empirical Linkages Between Democracy and Economic Growth.” British Journal of Political Science 24 (2): 22–48.
———. 1996. “Economic Growth and Social Capital in Asia.” NBER Working Paper 5470. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass.
Helliwell, John, and Robert Putnam. 1995. “Economic Growth and Social Capital in Italy.” Eastern Economic Journal 21 (3): 295–307.
Horowitz, Donald L. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.
Humana, Charles. 1984. World Human Rights Guide. New York: PICA Press.
———. 1986. World Human Rights Guide. 2nd ed. New York: Facts on File Publications.
———. 1992. World Human Rights Guide. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Inglehart, Ronald. 1990. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
———. 1994. Codebook for World Values Surveys. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Institute for Social Research.
Isham, Jonathan, Daniel Kaufmann, and Lant Pritchett. 1997. “Civil Liberties, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects.” World Bank Economic Review 11 (2): 219–42.
Jackman, Robert, and Ross A. Miller. 1996. “A Renaissance of Political Culture.” American Journal of Political Science 40(3), 632-59.
Kawachi, Ichiro, Bruce P. Kennedy, Kimberly Lochner, and Deborah Prothrow-Stith. 1997. “Social Capital, Income Inequality, and Mortality.” American Journal of Public Health 87 (9): 1491–98.
Keefer, Philip, and Stephen Knack. 1995. “Polarization, Property Rights and the Links between Inequality and Growth.” IRIS Center Working Paper 153. Center for Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector University of Maryland, College Park.
———. 1997. “Why Don't Poor Countries Catch Up? A Cross-Country Test of an Institutional Explanation.” Economic Inquiry 35 (3): 590–602.
Knack, Stephen. 1996. “Institutions and the Convergence Hypothesis: The Cross-National Evidence.” Public Choice 87 (June): 207–28.
Knack, Stephen, and Philip Keefer. 1995. “Institutions and Economic Performance: Cross-Country Tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures.” Economics and Politics 7 (November): 207–27.
———. 1997. “Does Inequality Harm Growth Only in Democracies?” American Journal of Political Science 41 (1): 323–32.
———. 1997. “Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 112 (4): 1,251–88.
Kormendi, Roger C., and Philip G. Meguire. 1985. “Macroeconomic Determinants of Growth.” Journal of Monetary Economics 16 (1): 141–63.
Lane, Philip R., and Aaron Tornell. 1996. “Power, Growth, and the Voracity Effect.” Journal of Economic Growth 1 (2): 213–41.
LaPorta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer, and Robert W. Vishny. 1997. “Trust in Large Organizations.” American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings 87 (2): 333–8.
Levine, Ross, and David Renelt. 1992. “A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions.” American Economic Review 82 (4): 942–63.
Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1959. “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy.” American Political Science Review 53 (1): 69–105.
Londregan, John B., and Keith T. Poole. 1990. “Poverty, the Coup Trap, and the Seizure of Executive Power.” World Politics 42 (2): 151–83.
———. 1992. “The Seizure of Executive Power and Economic Growth: Some Additional Evidence.” In Alex Cukierman, Zvi Hercowitz, and Leonardo Leiderman, eds., Political Economy, Growth and Business Cycles. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Mauro, Paolo. 1995. “Corruption and Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 110 (3): 681–712.
Muller, Edward N., and Erich Weede. 1990. “Cross-National Variation in Political Violence.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 34 (4): 624–51.
Narayan, Deepa, and Lant Pritchett. 1999. “Cents and Sociability: Household Income and Social Capital in Rural Tanzania.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 47 (4): 871-97.
North, Douglass C. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Olson, Mancur. 1963. “Rapid Growth as a Destabilizing Force.” Journal of Economic History 23 (4): 529–52.
———. 1982. The Rise and Decline of Nations. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
–———.. 1994. “Who Gains From Policies that Increase Poverty?” IRIS Center Working Paper 137. Center for Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector, University of Maryland, College Park.
Przeworski, Adam, and Fernando Limongi. 1993. “Political Regimes and Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 7 (3): 51–69.
Putnam, Robert D, with Robert Leonardi, and Raffaella Nanetti. 1993. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Rodrik, Dani. 1999. “Where Did All the Growth Go? External Shocks, Social Conflict, and Growth Collapses.” Journal of Economic Growth 4 (4): 385-412.
Scully, Gerald. 1988. “The Institutional Framework and Economic Development.” Journal of Political Economy 96 (3): 652–62.
———. 1992. Constitutional Environments and Economic Growth. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Spindler, Zane. 1991. “Liberty and Development: A Further Empirical Perspective.” Public Choice 69 (2): 197–210.
Squire, Lyn. 1993. “Fighting Poverty.” American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings 83 (2): 377–82.
Summers, Robert, and Alan Heston. 1991. “The Penn World Tables. Mark V: An Extended Set of International Comparisons, 1950–88.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 106 (2): 327–68.
Swank, Duane. 1996. “Culture, Institutions, and Economic Growth.” American Journal of Political Science 40 (3): 660–79.
Varshney, Ashutosh. 1998. “Ethnic Conflict and the Structure of Civic Life.” Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Political Science Association, September 3-6, Boston, Mass.
World Bank. 1997. World Development Report: The State in a Changing World. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wright, Lindsay M. 1982. “A Comparative Survey of Economic Freedoms.” In Raymond Gastil, ed., Freedom in the World: Political Rights and Civil Liberties, 1982. New York: Freedom House.
Zak, Paul J., and Stephen Knack. 2001. “Trust and Growth.” Economic Journal (forthcoming).