Hutchison, Michael and Sengupta, Rajeswari and Singh, Nirvikar (2010): India’s trilemma: financial liberalization, exchange rates and monetary policy.
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A key challenge for macroeconomic policy in open economies is how to simultaneously manage exchange rates, interest rates and capital account openness—the trilemma. This paper calculates a trilemma index for India and investigates its evolution over time. We find that financial integration has increased markedly after the mid-2000s, with corresponding limitations on monetary independence and exchange rate stability. This tradeoff has been mitigated, however, with the rise of international reserves as a partially independent instrument of macroeconomic policy. In addition, we confirm that the weighted sum of the three indexes adds up to a constant, validating the notion that a rise in one trilemma variable should be traded-off with a drop of the weighted sum of the other two. Finally, we consider the implications of changes in the trilemma index for macroeconomic outcomes. We find some evidence that greater financial integration and corresponding loss of monetary autonomy and exchange rate stability has influenced inflation and inflation volatility, though not in a consistent manner.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||India’s trilemma: financial liberalization, exchange rates and monetary policy|
|Keywords:||Financial trilemma, Indian economy, International reserves, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E4 - Money and Interest Rates
|Depositing User:||Rajeswari Sengupta|
|Date Deposited:||25. Sep 2010 14:06|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 20:05|
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