Çetinel, Fatmagül and Yolal, Medet (2009): Public Policy and Sustainable Tourism in Turkey. Published in: TOURISMOS: An International Multidisciplinary Refereed Journal of Tourism , Vol. 4, No. 3 (15. November 2009): pp. 35-50.
Download (151Kb) | Preview
Although tourism has been considered as an important activity for the well-being of the economies and state regulations on tourism have a considerable history in Turkey, the concept of sustainable tourism was first mentioned in the 8th Five-Year Development Plan (2001-2005). Until that time however, almost all shores, forests, natural attractions and high plateaus were announced as tourism areas. In this regard, a productive and rationale use of the natural resources and even protection of ecologically and biologically sensitive areas require a comprehensive determination of tourism policies and plans. The aim of the paper is to analyse state policies on sustainable tourism and discuss future plans and projects of the government in Turkey. Further, the study also aims to offer recommendations for policy makers in order to better manage the policies regarding sustainable tourism.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Public Policy and Sustainable Tourism in Turkey|
|Keywords:||sustainable tourism, policy making, Turkey|
|Subjects:||M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M1 - Business Administration
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services > L83 - Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism
|Depositing User:||Evangelos Christou|
|Date Deposited:||27. Sep 2010 07:25|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 03:11|
Berry, S. & Ladkin, A. (1997). Sustainable tourism: a regional perspective. Tourism Management, Vol. 18, No.7, pp. 433-440.
Cater, E. (1995). Environmental contradictions in sustainable tourism. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 161, No.1, pp.21-28.
Cooper, C.P. & Ozdil, I. (1992). From mass to ‘responsible’ tourism: the Turkish experience. Tourism Management, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp.377-386.
Diamantis, D. (2000). Ecotourism and sustainability in Mediterranean islands. Thunderbird International Business Review, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp.427-443.
Dowling, R.K. & Fennell, D.A. (2003). The context of ecotourism policy and planning. In D.A. Fennell and R.K. Dowling (Eds.), Ecotourism Policy and Planning, UK: CABI Publishing.
Ersoy, M. (1992). Relations between central and local governments in Turkey: an historical perspective. Public Administration and Development, Vol. 12, pp.325-341.
Farsari, Y., Butler, R. & Prastacos, P. (2007). Sustainable tourism policy for Mediterranean destinations: issues and interrelationships. International Journal of Tourism Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.58-78.
García-Falcón, J.M. & Medina-Muñoz, D. (1999). Sustainable tourism development in islands: a case study of Gran Canaria. Business Strategy and Environment, Vol. 8, pp. 336-357.
Getz, D. & Nielson, P.A. (2004). Response of family business to extreme seasonality in demand: the case of Bornholm. Tourism Management, Vol. 25, No.1, pp.17-30.
Gezici, F. (2006). Components of sustainability: two cases from Turkey. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 33, No.2, pp.442-455.
Göymen, K. (2000). Tourism and governance in Turkey. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 27, No.4, pp.1025-1048.
Gunn, C.A. (1994). Tourism Planning: Basic Concepts and Cases. Washington, Taylor & Francis.
Harris, R., Griffin, T. & Williams, P. (2002). Sustainable Tourism A Global Perspective. Oxford, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.
Hunter, C. (1997). Sustainable tourism as an adaptive paradigm. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 24, No.4, pp.850-867.
Knowles, T., Diamantis, D. & El-Mourhabi, J.B. (2004). The Globalization of Tourism & Hospitality. London, Thomson Learning.
Mathieson, A. & Wall, G. (1992). Tourism: Economic, Physical, and Social Impacts. London, Longman.
Miller, G. & Twining-Ward, L. (2005). Monitoring for a Sustainable Tourism Transition-The Challenge of Developing and Using Indicators. UK, CABI Publishing.
MCT (2008). Yabancı ziyaretçiler ve vatandaş araştırması (Statistics on foreign and domestic visitors). Http://www.kultur.gov.tr/TR/BelgeGoster.aspx?F6E10F8892433CFF2B81939FD5B60AFA136DF7714D282500. Accessed the 30 th of July 2008.
Mowforth, M. & Munt, I. (2003). Tourism and Sustainability-Development and New Tourism in the Third World. London, Routledge.
Roney, S.A. (2001). Sürdürülebilir turizm: bir alan araştırmasının sonuçları [Sustainable tourism: results of a field survey]. Anatolia Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, Vol.12, pp.17-25.
Seckelmann, A. (2002). Domestic tourism-a chance for regional development in Turkey? Tourism Management, Vol. 23, pp.85-92.
Swarbrooke, J. (1999). Sustainable Tourism Management. Oxon, CABI Publishing.
Timothy, D. (1999). Participatory planning: a view of tourism in Indonesia. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 26, No.2, pp.371-391.
Tosun, C. (1997). Questions about ‘tourism development within planning paradigms: the case of Turkey’. Tourism Management, Vol. 18, No.5, pp.327-329.
Tosun, C. (1998). Roots of unsustainable tourism development at the local level: the case of Urgup in Turkey. Tourism Management, Vol. 19, No.6, pp.595-610.
Tosun, C. (2001). Challenges of sustainable tourism development in the developing world: the case of Turkey. Tourism Management, Vol. 22, No.3, pp.289-303.
Tosun, C., Timothy, D.J. & Öztürk, Y. (2003). Tourism growth, national development and regional inequality in Turkey. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Vol. 11, No. 2&3, pp.133-162.
Tosun, C. & Fyall, A. (2005). Making tourism sustainable: prospects and pitfalls. In F. Adaman & M. Arsel (Eds.), Environmentalism in Turkey Between Democracy and Development, London: Ashgate.
Tosun, C. & Jenkins, C.L. (1996). Regional planning approaches to tourism development: the case of Turkey. Tourism Management, Vol. 17, No.7, pp.519-531.
Tosun, C. & Timothy, D.J. (1998). Shortcomings in planning approaches to tourism development in developing countries: the case of Turkey. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 13, No.7, pp.352-359.
Wearing, S. & Neil, J. (1999). Ecotourism: Impacts, Potentials and Possibilities. Oxford, Butterworth-Heinemann.
World Tourism Organization (WTO). (1990). Tourism to the Year 2000. Madrid, WTO.
World Tourism Organization (WTO). (1998). Guide for Local Authorities on Developing Sustainable Tourism. Madrid, Egraf S.A.
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), International Federation of Tour Operators (IFTO), International Hotel & Restaurant Association (IH&RA), International Council of Cruise Lines (ICCL) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2002). Industry as a Partner for Sustainable Development. United Kingdom, The Beacon Press.
Yolal, M. (2007). Analysis of seasonality in Turkish tourism. Hotellink: Journal for Theory and Practice of Hotel Industry, Vol. 7, No.9-10, pp.139-148.
Yüksel, F., Bramwell, B. & Yüksel, A. (2005). Centralized and decentralized tourism governance in Turkey. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 32, No.4, pp.859-886.