Kapsalis, Constantine (1997): Employee Training: An International Perspective. Published in: (December 1997)
Download (296kB) | Preview
Canada’s training effort relative to the rest of the IALS countries, measured in terms of hours of training per employee, was found to be average. The average employee in Canada received 44 hours of training in 1994, similar to the hours of training per employee in Switzerland, the United States and Germany. However, Canada’s training effort was considerably less than the Netherlands (74 hours per employee).
One finding of particular interest to Canada is the virtual equality of training effort, measured in hours of training per employee, between Canada and the United States. This comparison is important for Canada because of its extensive trade links to the United States. Also, comparisons between Canada and the United States are more accurate than comparisons to other countries because of the similarity in training institutions between the two countries. By contrast, comparisons of Canada to other countries should be treated as broad indicators, rather than precise measures.
Canada’s balance between employer- and employee-supported training was also average. Compared to the United States, for example, Canadian employees usually receive somewhat more training on their own, whereas United States employees tended to receive somewhat more training through their employer.
Particularly interesting is the fact that Canada had the highest rate of employees reporting that they wanted to take more career or job-related training. Although interpretations of this statistic differ, we can reasonably conclude that Canadian employees are relatively more supportive of further training than those in the other countries.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Employee Training: An International Perspective|
|Subjects:||M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M5 - Personnel Economics > M53 - Training|
|Depositing User:||Constantine Kapsalis|
|Date Deposited:||09. Oct 2010 18:01|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 22:43|
Betcherman, Gordon. “Are Canadian Firms Underinvesting in Training?” Canadian Business Economics, Vol. 1, No. 1, Fall 1992, pp. 25–33.
Betcherman, Gordon. “Training in the New Economy.” Mimeo. 1996.
Canadian Labour Market and Productivity Centre. 1991 National Training Survey. 1993.
Canadian Education Statistics Council. Education Indicators in Canada. 1996.
Clark, Warren. “Adult Literacy in Canada, the United States and Germany.” Canadian Social Trends, Catalogue no. 11-008-XPE, No. 43, Winter 1996.
Couillard, Robert. “Adult Education and Training Survey—An Overview.” Education Quarterly Review, Catalogue no. 81-003-XPB, Vol. 1, No. 3, 1994, pp. 42–48.
Crompton, Susan. “Studying on the Job.” Perspectives on Labour and Income, Catalogue no. 75-001-XPE, Vol. 4, No. 2, Summer 1992, pp. 30–39.
Crompton, Susan. “Employer-Supported Training—It Varies by Occupation.” Perspectives on Labour and Income, Catalogue no. 75-001-XPE, Vol. 6, No. 1, Spring 1994, pp. 9–17.
De Broucker, Patrice. “Employer-Supported Training: Evidence from Three Recent Surveys.” CLFDB Labour Force Development Review 1994, 1995, pp. 75–98.
Economic Council of Canada. A Lot to Learn—Education and Training in Canada. Supply and Services Canada, 1992.
Employment and Immigration Canada. Success in the Works—A Policy Paper, 1989.
Harhoff, Dietmar and Thomas J. Kane. “Is the German Apprenticeship System a Panacea for the US Labour Market?” Centre for Economic Policy Research (London), Discussion Paper No. 1311, 1996.
Heckman, James J. “Is Job Training Oversold?” The Public Interest, Spring 1995, pp. 91–115.
Hum, Derek and Wayne Simpson. “Which Employers Train? Sectoral Evidence on Employer-Based Training in Canada.” Mimeo, Human Resources Development Canada, 1993.
Jennings, Philip. “Employer-Sponsored Training in Canada: Evidence from the 1994 Adult Education and Training Survey.” Applied Research Branch, Human Resources Development Canada, Working Paper, W-96-4E, 1996.
Kapsalis, Constantine. “Employee Training in Canada: Reassessing the Evidence.” Canadian Business Economics, Vol. 1, No. 4, Summer 1993, pp. 3–11.
Kapsalis, Constantine. “The Role of Employees in Training Decisions in Canada.” Canadian Business Economics, Vol. 5, No. 1, Fall 1996a, pp. 1–10.
Kapsalis, Constantine. “Determinants of Employer-Sponsored Training: An Analysis of the 1994 Adult Education and Training Survey.” Applied Research Branch, Human Resources Development Canada, Research Study, R-96-14E, 1996b.
Low, S. Graham and Harvey Krahn. “Job-Related Education and Training Among Younger Workers.” Canadian Public Policy, Vol. XXI, No. 3, 1995, pp. 362–378.
Lynch, Lisa M. and Sandra E. Black. “Beyond the Incidence of Training: Evidence from a National Employment Survey.” NBER, Working Paper No. 5231, 1995.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Employment Outlook. 1991.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Education at a Glance. 1995.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Statistics Canada. Literacy, Economy and Society. Catalogue no. 89-545-XPE. 1995.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Lifelong Learning for All. 1996.
Paquet, Pierre. “Employer-Employee Interests in Job Training.” Employment and Immigration Canada Skill Development Leave Task Force, Background Paper No. 25, 1983.
Sharpe, Andrew. “Training the Work Force: A Challenge Facing Canada in the ’90s.” Perspectives on Labour and Income, Catalogue no. 75-001-XPE, Vol. 2, No. 4, Winter 1990, pp. 21–31.
Statistics Canada. Education in Canada—A Statistical Review for 1990–91. Catalogue no. 81-229-XPB. 1992.
Statistics Canada. Reading the Future: A Portrait of Literacy in Canada. Catalogue no. 89-551-XPE. 1996.