De Hoop, Thomas and Van Kempen, Luuk and Linssen, Rik and Van Eerdewijk, Anouka (2010): Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being in India: How Village Norms Shape the Impact of Self-Help Groups.
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This paper presents quasi-experimental impact estimates of women self-help groups on subjective well-being in Orissa, India. We find that, on average, self-help group membership does not affect subjective well-being. However, our results at the same time reveal that subjective well-being sharply declines for those members whose newly gained autonomy meets with relatively conservative social gender norms among non-members. We interpret this finding as evidence for heterogeneous losses of feelings of identity for self-help group members. Identity losses loom larger when women’s enhanced autonomy implies a stronger violation of social gender norms at the community level. Social sanctioning mechanisms play an important role in the heterogeneous negative impact on subjective well-being, as evidenced by qualitative accounts of women’s empowerment trajectories in the research area.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being in India: How Village Norms Shape the Impact of Self-Help Groups|
|Keywords:||Autonomy; Subjective Well-Being; Impact Evaluation; Identity; Sanctioning; India|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
|Depositing User:||Thomas de Hoop|
|Date Deposited:||19. Oct 2010 08:01|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 11:39|
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