Kapsalis, Constantine (1996): Social Assistance Benefit Rates and the Employment Rate of Lone Mothers. Published in: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada No. W-96-5E (September 1999)
Download (83Kb) | Preview
The results show that the increase in social assistance benefits has been a major factor behind the decline in employment rates of lone mothers in Ontario. It is stimated that each $1,000 increase in benefit rates is associated with a 1.9 percentage points reduction in the employment rate of lone mothers. As a result, 95 per cent of the 5.9 percentage point increase in the Quebec-Ontario employment rate gap of lone mothers over the period 1988-90 can be attributed to the increase in Ontario benefits relative to Quebec by $2,962. Labour market conditions do not appear to have had a major impact on employment rates in Ontario over the period 1988-90. This is not very urprising given that the significant deterioration of the Ontario labour market took place after 1990. In particular, the unemployment rate of lone mothers in Ontario increased from 9.2 to 12.0 per cent in 1988-90, while it doubled by the year 1995 (21.7 per cent).
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Social Assistance Benefit Rates and the Employment Rate of Lone Mothers|
|Keywords:||social assistance; welfare; lone mothers|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty|
|Depositing User:||Constantine Kapsalis|
|Date Deposited:||21. Oct 2010 03:06|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 21:13|
Ashenfelter, O. (1983) “Determining Participation in Income Tested Social Programs.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 78, pp. 517-25.
Brown, David (1995) “Welfare Caseload Trends in Canada” in Helping the Poor -- A Qualified Case for 'Workfare' edited by John Richards and William G. Watson, C.D. Howe Institute, The Social Policy Challenge No. 5, pp. 37-81.
Human Resource Development Canada (1994) Improving Social Security in Canada: A Discussion Paper. Ottawa.
Charette, Michael and Ronald Meng (1994) “The determinants of welfare participation of female heads of household in Canada.” Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. XXVII, No. 2, pp. 290-306.
Dooley, Martin (1994) “The Converging Market Work Patterns of Married Mothers and Lone Mothers in Canada,” Journal of Human Resources, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 600-620.
Dooley, Martin (1995) “Lone Mother Families and Social Assistance Policy in Canada" in Family Matters -- New Policies for Divorce, Lone Mothers, and Child Poverty, C.D. Howe Institute Family, The Social Policy Challenge, No. 8.
Grady, Patrick (1995) “Income Security Reform and the Concept of a Guaranteed Annual Income” in Redefining Social Security, Queen's University, Research Series.
Richards, John (1995) “The Study in Brief” in Helping the Poor -- A Qualified Case for 'Workfare' edited by John Richards and William G. Watson, C.D. Howe Institute, The Social Policy Challenge No. 5, pp. ix-xxvii.