Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Household income as a determinant of child labor and school enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a social security reform

de Carvalho Filho, Irineu E. (2010): Household income as a determinant of child labor and school enrollment in Brazil: Evidence from a social security reform.

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Abstract

This paper studies the effects of household income on labor participation and school enrollment of children aged 10 to 14 in Brazil using a social security reform as a source of exogenous variation in household income. We find that increased benefits are associated with increases in school enrollment for girls, as well as a smaller reduction in their labor participation, but find no effects for boys. We also uncover evidence that the gender of the benefit receiver matters for girls’ labor variables: only benefits received by females reduce girls’ work.

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