Evenhouse, Eirik and Reilly, Siobhan (2010): Multiple-Father Fertility and Welfare.
Download (248Kb) | Preview
In the United States, multi-partnered fertility (MPF) has become commonplace. This study provides the first nationally representative measures of women’s MPF, across multiple years, using the U.S. Census Bureau’s Surveys of Income and Program Participation. Because welfare rules contain strong incentives for MPF, and because MPF is especially common among welfare recipients, we also examine the relationship between welfare and MPF. Focusing on the pre-TANF period 1985 to 1996, when welfare rules were more comparable across states and the absence of time limits made the incentives for MPF larger, we find little behavioral response. Among low-income mothers, MPF does not appear to be driven by program design. Because the incentives were relatively large and reached well up the income distribution, our findings amplify those of earlier studies that show little demographic response to antipoverty programs, and invite reconsideration of how much these incentives should constrain transfer programs that target children.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Multiple-Father Fertility and Welfare|
|Keywords:||Multiple-father fertility; Multi-partnered fertility; SIPP; Survey of Income and Program Participation; AFDC; effects on family structure of welfare program;|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J11 - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
|Depositing User:||Siobhan Reilly|
|Date Deposited:||03. Nov 2010 07:22|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 00:58|
Bitler, M. (2001). The effects of child support enforcement on non-custodial parents’ labor supply. Unpublished paper.
Carlson, M. J. and Furstenberg, F.F. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of multi-partnered fertility among urban U.S. parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 3, 718-732.
Center for Economic and Policy Research. (2009). SIPP Talking Points. Retrieved October 21, 2010, from http://www.ceprdata.org/savesipp/talkingpoints.pdf
Cooksey, E. C. and Craig, P. H. (1998). Parenting from a distance: The effects of paternal characteristics on contact between nonresidential fathers and their children. Demography, 2, 187-200.
Evenhouse, E. and Reilly, S. (2005). Father taxes and father absence. Unpublished paper.
Guzzo, K. B. and Furstenberg, F. F. (2007a). Multi-partnered fertility among American men. Demography, 3, 583-601.
Guzzo, K. B. and Furstenberg, F. F. (2007b). Multi-partnered fertility among young women with a nonmarital first birth: Prevalence and risk factors. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 1, 29-38.
Harknett, K. and Knab, J. (2007). More kin, less support: Multi-partnered fertility and kin support among new mothers. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1, 237-253.
Huang, C. C., Mincy, R. B., and Garfinkel, I. (2005). Child support obligations and low-income fathers. Journal of Marriage and Family, 5, 1213-1225.
Klerman, L. V. (2007). Multi-partnered fertility: Can it be reduced? Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 1, 56–59.
Logan, C., Manlove, J., Ikramullah, E. and Cottingham, S. (2006). Men who father children with more than one woman: A contemporary portrait of multiple-partner fertility. Child Trends Research Brief 2006-10. Washington, DC: Child Trends.
London, R. A. (1998). Trends in single mothers’ living arrangements from 1970 to 1995: Correcting the Current Population Survey. Demography, 1, 125-131.
Manning, W. and Smock, P. (1999). New families and nonresident father-child visitation. Social Forces, 1, 87-116.
Manning, W., Stewart, S. D. and Smock, P. (2003). The complexity of fathers' parenting responsibilities and involvement with nonresident children. Journal of Family Issues, 5, 645-667.
Margolis, R. and Mykyta, L. (2008). Multi-partnered fertility and relationship stability. Unpublished paper.
Meyer, D. R., Cancian, M. and Cook, S. T. (2005). Multiple-partner fertility: Incidence and implications for child support policy. Social Service Review, 4, 577-601.
Mincy, R. (2002). Who Should Marry Whom? Multipartnered Fertility Among New Parents. Working Paper 02-03-FF. Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Mincy, R. and Huang, C. C. (2001). ‘Just get me to the church’: Assessing policies to promote marriage among fragile families. Fragile Families Working Paper 2002-02-FF. Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Moffitt, R. A. (2003). The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. In R. Moffitt (Ed.), Means-tested transfer programs in the U.S. (pp. 291-365). Chicago: University of Chicago Press/National Bureau of Economic Research.
Moffitt, R. A. (2000). Welfare benefits and female headship in U.S. time series. Department of Economics Working Paper 434, Johns Hopkins University.
Moffitt, R. A., Reville, R. T. and Winkler, A. E. (1994). State AFDC rules regarding the treatment of cohabitors. Social Security Bulletin, 4, 26-33.
Moffitt, R. A., Reville, R. T. and Winkler, A. E. (1998). Beyond single mothers: Cohabitation, marriage, and the U.S. welfare system. Demography, 3, 259-278.
Nixon, L. (1997). The effect of child support enforcement on marital dissolution. Journal of Human Resources, 1, 159-181.
Plotnick, R. D., Ku, I., Garfinkel, I. and McLanahan, S. S. (2004). Better child support enforcement: Can it reduce teenage nonmarital childbearing? Journal of Family Issues, 5, 634-657.
Rendall, M. S., Clarke, L., Peters, H. E., Ranjit, N. and Verropoulou, G. (1999). Incomplete reporting of men’s fertility in the United States and Britain: A research note. Demography, 1, 135-144.
Roberts, P. (2008). The implications of multiple-partner fertility for efforts to promote marriage in programs serving low-income mothers and fathers. Brief No. 11 (March) in Couples and Marriage Series. Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.
Rolston, H. (2000). Office of the U.S. Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Telephone conversation with author.
Rushefsky, M. E. (2002). Public Policy in the United States: At the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century, 3rd edition. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Turney, K. and Carlson, M. J. (2010). Multi-partnered fertility and mental health among fragile families. Fragile Families Working Paper WP10-03-FF, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Willis, R. J. (1999). A Theory of Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing. Journal of Political Economy, 6 (Part 2), S33-64.