Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Overconfidence in Psychology and Finance – an Interdisciplinary Literature Review

Skala, Dorota (2008): Overconfidence in Psychology and Finance – an Interdisciplinary Literature Review. Published in: Bank i Kredyt , Vol. April, No. 4 : pp. 33-50.

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Abstract

This paper reviews the literature on one of the most meaningful concepts in modern behavioural finance, the overconfidence phenomenon. Overconfidence is presented as a well-developed psychological theory, with main facets comprising miscalibration, betterthan- average effect, illusion of control and unrealistic optimism. The primary applications of overconfidence in contemporary finance are analysed, from the perspective of financial markets and corporate behaviour. Experimental studies, formal models and analyses of market data demonstrate that overconfidence at least partially solves some financial market puzzles that cannot be accounted for by standard economic theory. Overconfidence in the corporate context may affect not only a company’s internal financing structure, but also its interactions with other market participants through merger and acquisition activity.

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