Grady, Patrick (1977): Tax Credits For Employment Rather Than Investment: A Comment.
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In an article in the American Economic Review, Jonathan R. Kesselman, Samuel H. Williamson and Ernst R. Berndt presented a Table showing the effect of substituting a marginal employment tax credit (METC)for the investment tax credit (ITC) over the 1962 to 1971 period. Their METC was defined in terms of a rate times the increase in the wage bi11 over a base defined to be the previous year's value.
Any base, including the previous year's wage bill base, is of course merely a proxy for what employment might be in the absence of a credit. However, needless to say, some bases are better than others. In this comment, it is argued that the previous year's level is an inappropriate way to define a base for a permanent METC that is directed at encouraging the long-run substitution of labour for capital. A better definition for a wage bill base would be something that does not ratchet up over time decreasing the value of the credit.
The paper also includes a few observations on the relevance of this analysis for the 1977 U.S. Job Credit which has a base as defined by Kessleman, Williamson and Berndt, but which is an explicitly temporary measure that will only be in effect in 1977 and 1978.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Tax Credits For Employment Rather Than Investment: A Comment|
|Keywords:||tax credits; employment; fiscal policy; the 1977 Job Credit|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue > H25 - Business Taxes and Subsidies
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J23 - Labor Demand
|Depositing User:||Patrick Grady|
|Date Deposited:||08. Nov 2010 10:48|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 00:51|
Kesselman, J.R., S.H. Williamson, and E.R. Berndt (1977) "Tax Credits for Employment Rather than Investment," American Economic Review, June, No.67, pp.339-349.