Veneri, Paolo and Burgalassi, David (2010): Questioning polycentric development and its effects: issues of definition and measurement for the Italian NUTS 2 Regions.
Download (605kB) | Preview
Polycentric development is a widely-used term both in academic research and in the normative agenda. However, its theoretical foundations and economic implications are still unknown and the concept of polycentricity still does not have a shared definition, or a shared measurement method. The aim of this paper is twofold. Firstly polycentricity is defined and measured at a NUTS 2 regional level, by comparing functional and morphological methods. Secondly, in the light of the role assigned to polycentric development in terms of policy, the paper investigates the relationships between the degree of regional polycentricity and the key economic variables of performance – namely competitiveness, social cohesion and environmental sustainability. The main finding was that functional and morphological methods led to similar results. In addition, a correlation was found between polycentricity and a more unequal income distribution and a higher level of productivity, especially when polycentricity was measured in functional terms. No stable correlations were found between polycentricity and measures of environmental sustainability, such as land consumption and greenhouse emissions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Questioning polycentric development and its effects: issues of definition and measurement for the Italian NUTS 2 Regions|
|Keywords:||Polycentric development; Italian regions; Rank size distribution; Ordinary polycentricity.|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R14 - Land Use Patterns
|Depositing User:||David Burgalassi|
|Date Deposited:||07. Nov 2010 22:03|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 15:37|
ALBRECHTS, L. (2001) How to proceed from image and discourse to action: as applied to the Flemish Diamond, Urban Studies, 38(4), pp. 733-745.
BARCA, F. (2009) An agenda for a reformed cohesion policy. A place-based approach to meeting European Union challenges and expectations, Independent Report prepared at the request of Danuta Hubner, Commissioner for Regional Policy.
BECKMANN, M. J. (1958) City hierarchies and the distribution of city size, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 6, pp. 243-248.
BOIX, R. (2002), Instrumentos de análisis de redes en economía urbana: Caracterización de redes de ciudades mediante el análisis de cuatro estructuras urbanas simuladas. Oviedo: V Encuentro de Economia Aplicada.
BOIX, R. and J. TRULLÉN (2007) Knowledge, networks of cities and growth in regional urban systems, Papers in Regional Science, 84(4), pp. 551-574.
BOSSARD, M., FERANEC J. and J. OTAHEL (2000) CORINE Land Cover Technical Guide – Addendum 2000, Technical report No 40, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.
BRUNET, R. (1989) Les villes europeénnes: Rapport pour la DATAR, Montpellier: RECLUS.
BURGER, M. and E. MEIJERS (2010), Forms follow function? Linking morphological and functional polycentricity, GaWC Research Bulletin 344.
CALAFATI, A.G. (2007) La città come 'sistema progressivo': evoluzione strutturale e sviluppo economico, Scienze Regionali, 6(3), Special Issue, pp. 83-111.
CALAFATI, A.G. and P. VENERI (2010) Re-defining the boundaries of major Italian cities, Working papers, 342, Dipartimento di Economia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona.
CAMAGNI, R. and C. SALONE (1993) Network urban structures in Northern Italy: elements for a theoretical framework, Urban Studies, 30(6), pp. 1053-1064.
CAMAGNI, R., GIBELLI, M.C. and P. RIGAMONTI (2002) Urban mobility and urban form: the social and environmental costs of different patterns of urban expansion, Ecological Economics, 40(2), pp. 199-216.
CAPELLO, R. and R. CAMAGNI (2000) Beyond optimal city size: an evaluation of alternative urban growth patterns, Urban Studies, 37(9), pp. 1479-1496.
CHESHIRE, P. and D. HAY (1989) Urban Problems in Western Europe: an Economic Analysis, London: Unwin-Hyman.
CSD – (COMMITTEE ON SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT) (1999) European Spatial Development Perspective. Towards Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Territory of the EU, Postdam: Presented at the Informal Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Spatial Planning of the Member States of the European Union.
CRAIG, S. and P. NG (2001) Using quantile smoothing splines to identify employment subcenters in a multicentric urban area, Journal of Urban Economics, 49(1), pp. 100–120.
DAVOUDI, S. (2003) Polycentricity in the European spatial planning: from an analytical tool to a normative agenda, European Planning Studies, 11(8), pp. 979-999.
DE GROOT, H.L.F., POOT, J. and M. SMIT (2007) Agglomeration, innovation and regional development: theoretical perspectives and meta-analysis, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, 107-079/3.
DIELEMAN, F.M. and A. FALUDI (1998) Polynucleated metropolitan regions in Northwest Europe: theme of the Special Issue, European Planning Studies, 6(4), pp. 365-377.
FRIEDMAN, J. and J. MILLER (1965) The urban field, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 31(4), pp. 312– 320.
FUJITA, M. and H. OGAWA (1982) Multiple equilibria and structural transition of nonmonocentric urban configuration, Regional science and urban economics, 12, pp. 161– 196.
GABAIX, X. and Y. IOANNIDES (2004) The evolution of city size distribution, in HENDERSON, V. and J.F. THISSE (eds.) Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Vol. 4, Ch. 53, pp. 2471-2378, Amsterdam: Elsevier Science .
GIULIANO, G. and K. SMALL (1991) Subcenters in the Los Angeles region, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 21(2), pp. 163–182.
GLAESER, E.L. and J.D. GOTTLIEB (2009) The wealth of cities: agglomeration economies and spatial equilibrium in the United States, Journal of Economic Literature, 47(4), pp. 983-1028.
GLAESER, E.L. and M.E. KAHN (2003) Sprawl and Urban Growth, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, No. 9733.
GORDON, P., KUMAR, A. and H. RICHARDSON (1989) The influence of metropolitan spatial structure on commute time, Journal of Urban Economics, 26(2), pp. 138–151.
GOTTMANN, J. (1961), Megalopolis. The urbanized north eastern seaboard of the United States, New York: the Twentieth Century Fund.
GOVERNA, F. and C. SALONE (2005) Italy and European spatial policies: polycentrism, urban networks and local innovation, European Planning Studies, 13(2), pp. 265– 283.
GREEN, N. (2007) Functional polycentricity: a formal definition in terms of social network analysis, Urban Studies, 44(11), pp. 2077-2103.
HAGUE, C. and K. KIRK (2003) Polycentricity scoping study, London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
HALL, P. and K. PAIN (eds.) (2006) The polycentric Metropolis. Learning from Mega-City regions in Europe, Earthscan, London.
HALL, P. (2009) Polycentricity, in KITCHIN, R. and N. THRIFT (eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Vol. 8, pp. 260-264. Oxford: Elsevier.
HARRIS, C.D. and E.L. ULLMAN (1945) The nature of cities, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 242, pp. 7-17.
IGEAT (2007) Study on urban functions, ESPON Final report 1.4.3.
LAMBOOY, J. (1998) Polynucleation and economic development: the Randstad, European planning studies, 6(4), pp. 457-466.
LIMTANAKOOL, N., DIJST, M. and T. SCHWANEN (2007) A theoretical framework and methodology for characterizing National urban systems on the basis of flows ofpeople: empirical evidence for France and Germany, Urban Studies, 44(11), pp. 2123-2145.
LIMTANAKOOL, N., SCHWANEN, T. and M. DIJST (2009) Development in the Dutch Urban System on the basis of flows, Regional Studies, 43(2), pp. 179-196.
MEIJERS, E. (2008) Measuring polycentricity and its promises, European Planning Studies, 16(9), pp. 1313-1323.
MEIJERS, E. and K. SANDBERG (2008), Reducing regional disparities by means of polycentric development: panacea or placebo?, Scienze Regionali – Italian Journal of Regional Science, 7(2) (Special Issue), pp. 71-96.
MEIJERS, E. and M. BURGER (2010), Spatial structure and productivity in US metropolitan areas, Environment and planning A, 42, pp. 1383-1402.
MUÑIZ, I., GARCÍA LÓPEZ, M.A. and D. CALATAYUD (2006) SPRAWL. Definición, causas y efectos, Working Papers, Department of Applied Economics, Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
NORDREGIO (2005) Potentials for polycentric development in Europe. ESPON Final Report 1.1.1.
PARR, J.B. (1985) A note on the size distribution of cities over time, Journal of Urban Economics, 18, pp. 199-212.
PARR, J.B. (2004) The polycentric urban region: A closer inspection, Regional Studies, 38(3), pp. 231-240.
RIGUELLE, F., THOMAS, I. and A. VERHETSEL (2007), Measuring Urban Polycentrism: a European Case Study and its Implications. Journal of Economic Geography 7(2), pp.193-215.
ROCA CLADERA J., MARMOLEJO DUARTE, C.R. and M. MOIX (2009), Urban Structure and Polycentrism: Towards a Redefinition of the Sub-centre Concept, Urban Studies, 46(13), pp. 2841-2868.
TSAI, Y. (2001) Travel-Efficient Urban Form: a Nationwide Study on Small Metropolitan Areas, PhD Thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
VAN DER LAAN, L. (1998) Changing urban systems: an empirical analysis at two spatial levels, Regional Studies, 32(3), pp. 235-247.
VAN HOUTUM, H. and A. LAGENDIJK (2001) Contextualising regional identity and imagination in the construction of polycentric urban regions: the cases of the Ruhr area and the Basque country, Urban Studies, 38(4), pp. 747-767.
VENERI, P. (2010) Urban polycentricity and the costs of commuting: evidence from Italian metropolitan areas, Growth and Change, 41(3), pp. 403-429.
WATERHOUT, B., ZONNEVELD, W. and E. MEIJERS (2005), Polycentric development policies in Europe: overview and debate, Built Environment, 31(2), pp. 163–173.
WHITE, M.J. (1999) Urban areas with decentralised employment: theory and empirical work, in MILLS, E. S. and P. CHESHIRE (eds.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, pp. 1375-1412.
Available Versions of this Item
- Questioning polycentric development and its effects: issues of definition and measurement for the Italian NUTS 2 Regions. (deposited 07. Nov 2010 22:03) [Currently Displayed]