Pieters, Michiel and Gilsing, Victor and Vanhaverbeke, Wim (2009): Mind the gap: Balancing alliance network and technology portfolios during periods of technological uncertainty.
Download (208kB) | Preview
While clique-embeddedness is generally considered to enhance firm performance, there are also reasons to expect that under conditions of technological turbulence clique-membership is less beneficial or might even become a liability. To address this, we study the innovative performance of clique members during periods of both technological change and technological stability. We find support for the idea that companies’ ability to adapt their alliance network (i.e. forming ties beyond the scope of the clique) and their ability to adapt their technology portfolios (i.e. access to novel technological knowledge) positively influences their innovative performance during technologically turbulent periods.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Mind the gap: Balancing alliance network and technology portfolios during periods of technological uncertainty|
|Keywords:||cliques; alliance networks; technological turbulence; technological performance|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L14 - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation; Networks
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L24 - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures; Technology Licensing
|Depositing User:||Wim Vanhaverbeke|
|Date Deposited:||08. Nov 2010 10:48|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 12:14|
Ahuja, G. 2000. Collaboration networks, structural holes and innovation: A longitudinal study. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45: 425-455.
Ahuja, G., F. Polidoro, F. and Mitchell W. 2009. Structural homophily or social asymmetry? The formation of alliances by poorly embedded firms, Strategic Management Journal, 30: 941–958.
Barley, S.R. 1986. Technology as an occasion for structuring: Evidence from observations of CT scanners and the social order of radiology departments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31: 78-108
Basberg, B.L. 1983. Foreign patenting in the U.S. as a technology indicator: The case of Norway, Research Policy, 12(4): 227-237.
Baum J.A.C., Calabrese & Silverman, 2000. Don’t go it alone: alliance network composition and startups’ performance in Canadian biotechnology. Strategic Management Jounal, 21: 267- 294.
Baum J.A.C., Shipilov A.V. & Rowley T. J. 2003. Where do small worlds come from? Industrial and Corporate change, 12: 697-725.
Baum, J., Chuang Y-T., Rowley, T. and Shipilov, A. 2005. Dancing with Strangers: Aspiration Performance and the Search for Underwriting Syndicate Partners, Administrative Science Quarterly,50(4), 536-575.
Beckman C.M., Haunschild P.R & Phillips D.J. 2004. Friends or strangers? Firm- specific uncertainty, market uncertainty, and network partner selection. Organization Science, 15:259-275
Borgatti, S.P., Everett, M.G. & Freeman, L.C. 2002. Ucinet 6 for Windows. Harvard: Analytic Technologies.
Bosch-Sijtsema, P.M. and Postma, T.J.B.M. 2009. “Cooperative innovation projects: Capabilities and Governance Mechanisms”, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26 (1): 58-70.
Brass D.J., Butterfield, K.D. & Skaggs B.C. 1998. Relationships and unethical behavior: A social network perspective. Academy of Management Review, 23:14-31
Burkhardt, M.E. & Brass D.J., 1990. Changing patterns or patterns of change in technology on social network structure and power. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35:104-127
Burt, R.S. 1992. Structural Holes. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Burt, R.S. 2000. The network structure of social capital. In Sutton R.I. and Straw, B.M. (Eds), Research in Organizational Behavior. Greenwich CT, JAI Press, 22:345-423
Burt, R.S. 2007. Secondhand brokerage: evidence on the importance of local structure for managers, bankers and analyst. Academy of Management Journal, 50:119-148
Cameron, A.C. & Triverdi, P.K., 1998. Regression analysis of count data. Econometric Society Monograph No.30, Cambridge University Press.
Christensen, C.M. 1997. The innovator's dilemma; When new technologies cause great firms to fail, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Christensen, C.M. & Raynor M.E. 2003. The Innovators Solution: Creating and sustaining successful growth. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Cohen W. & Levinthal D. 1990. Absorptive capacity: a new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35:128-152
Delecroix, J. & Swaminathan, N., 1991. Cosmetic, Speculative, and Adaptive Organizational Change in the Wine Industry: A Longitudinal study. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36(4): 631-661.
Duysters, G. & Hagedoorn, J. 1996. External appropriation of innovative capabilities: The choice between strategic partnering and mergers and acquisitions, MERIT working paper, 2/96-021, 36.
Duysters, G.M., & Lemmens, C.E.A.V. 2003, Enabling and constraining effects of embeddness and social capital in strategic technology alliance networks. In: Bachman, R., & Van Witteloostuijn, A. (eds): International studies of management and organization (ISMO) Special issue on Networks, social capital and trust-a multidisciplinary perspective on Inter-organizational relationships.
Emden, Z., Calantone, R.J. & Droge, C. 2006. Collaborating for New Product Development: Selecting the Partner with Maximum Potential to Create Value, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 23(4), 330-341.
Faems., D., van Looy, B. & Debackere, K. 2005. Interorganizational collaboration and innovation: Toward a portfolio approach, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 22(3), 238-250.
Freeman, C. 1991. Network of innovators: A Synthesis of research issues. Research Policy, 20:499-514
Gilsing V. and Nooteboom B., 2006. Exploration and exploitation in innovation systems: The case of pharmaceutical biotechnology, Research Policy, 35(1), 1-23.
Gilsing, V.A. and G.M. Duysters, 2008. Understanding novelty creation in exploiting networks. Structural and Relational embeddedness jointly considered. Technovation, 28(10): 693-708.
Glasmeier, A., 1991. Technological discontinuities and flexible production networks: The case of Switzerland and the world watch industry. Research Policy, 20:469-485
Gomes-Casseres, B. 1996. The Alliance Revolution, the new shape in business rivalry. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Gomes-Casseres, B., Hagedoorn, J., Jaffe, A., 2006. Do alliances promote knowledge flows? Journal of Financial Economics, 80:5-33
Grimpe, C., 2007, Successful product development after firm acquisitions: The role of research and development, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 24(6), 614-628.
Gulati, R. 1995a. Social structure and alliance formation patterns: a longitudinal analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40: 619:652.
Gulati, R. 1995b, Does familiarity breed trust? The implications of repeated ties for contractual choice of alliances. Academy of Management Journal, 38: 85-112
Gulati, R. & Garguilo, M. 1999. Where do interorganizational networks come from? American Journal of Sociology, 104: 1439-1493.
Hagedoorn, J. 1993. The Cooperative Agreements and Technology Indicators (CATI) Information System, MERIT: Maastricht.
Hagedoorn, J. & Duysters, G.M. 2002. Learning in dynamic inter-firm networks – The efficacy of quasi-redundant contacts. Organization Studies, 23: 525-548.
Hagedoorn, J., & Frankort, H., 2008. The effect of over-embeddedness on partnership formation. Advances of Strategic Management, 25: 503-530
Hagedoorn, J. & Schakenraad, J. 1994. The effect of strategic technology alliances on company performance. Strategic Management Journal, 15: 291-309
Hall, B.H., Jaffe, A., & Trajtenberg M., 2001. The NBER patent citations file: Lessons, insights and methodological tools. NBER working paper series, nr8498
Hannan, M.T. & Freeman, J. 1989. Organizational Ecology. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Hausman, J., 1978. Specification tests in econometrics. Econometrica, 46: 1251-1271
Henderson, R. & Cockburn, I. 1996. Scale, scope and spillovers: the determinants of research productivity in drug discovery. Rand Journal of Economics, 27: 32-59.
Jaffe, A.B., 1986. Technological Opportunity and Spilloverws of R&D: Evide nce from Firms’ Patents, Profits, and Market Value. The American Economic Review, 76(5): 984-1001.
Kenis, P. & Knoke, D., 2002. How organizational field networks shape inter-organizational tie formation rates. Academy of Management Review 27:275-293
Koka, B.R., Madhavan, R. & Prescott, J.E. 2006. The evolution of interfirm networks: environmental effects on patterns of network change. Academy of Management Review, 31: 721-737.
Koka B.R., & Prescott J.E. 2008. Designing alliance networks: the influence of network position, environmental change, and strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 29:638
Lambe, C.J. & Spekman, R.E. 1997. Alliances, external technology acquisition, and discontinuous technological change. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 14:102-116.
Lant, T. K., Milliken, F. J. & Batra, B. 1992. The role of managerial learning and interpretation in strategic persistence and reorientation: An empirical exploration, Strategic Management Journal, 13(8): 585–608.
Lazzarini, S.G. 2007. The impact of membership in competing alliance constellations: Evidence on the operational performance of global airlines. Strategic Management Journal, 28: 345-367
Leifer, R., McDermott, C.M., O’Connor, G.C., Peters, L.S., Rice, M. & Veryzer, W. 2000. Radical Innovations. How mature companies can outsmart upstarts. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Madhavan, R., Koka B. & Prescott J. 1998. Networks in transition: How industry events (re)shape interfirm relationships. Strategic Management Journal, 19: 439-459.
Mowery, D.C., Oxley, J.E. & Silverman, B.S., 1996. Strategic alliances and inter-firm knowledge transfer. Strategic Management Journal, 17: 77-91
Nelson, R.R. and Winter S.G. 1982. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Belknap Press/Harvard University Press: Cambridge.
Nooteboom, B. 2000. Learning and innovation in organizations and economies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nooteboom, B., Vanhaverbeke, W., Duysters, G., Gilsing, V. & Van den Oord, A. 2007. Optimal cognitive distance and absorptive capacity. Research Policy, 36: 1016-1034
Ohmae, K. 1985. Triad Power: The coming shape of global competition. Free Press, New York.
Owen-Smith, J. & Powell, W.W., 2004. Knowledge Networks as Channels and Conduits: The Effects of Spillovers in the Boston Biotechnology Community. Organization Science, 15(1): 5-21.
Mowery, D.C., Oxley, J.E. & Silverman, B.S., 1996. Strategic alliances and interfirm knowledge transfer. Strategic Management Journal, 17: 77-91.
Mowery, D.C. Oxley, J.E. & Silverman, B.S., 1998. Technological overlap and interfirm cooperation: implications for the resource-based view of the firm. Research Policy, 27(5): 507-523.
Padula G. 2008. Enhancing the innovation performance of firms by balancing cohesiveness and bridging ties. Long Range Planning, articles in advance
Pittaway, L., Robertson, M., Munir, K., Denyer, D. & Neely, A., 2004. Networking and innovation: a systematic review of the literature. Advanced Institute of Management, Londen: www.aimreasearch.org/aimforum.shtml
Podolny, J.M., 1994. Market uncertainty and the social character of economic exchange. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39:458-483
Podolny, J.M. & Stuart, T.E. 1995. A Role-Based Ecology of Technological Change. The American Journal of Sociology, 100(5): 1224-1260.
Powell, W.W., Koput, K. & Smith-Doerr, L. 1996. Inter0organizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: networks of learning in biotechnology. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41: 116-145.
Powell W.W., Koput K.W., Smith-Doerr L & Owen-Smith J. 2002. Network position and firm performance: organizational returns to collaboration in the biotechnology industry. In Andrews S. & Knoke D (eds): Networks In and Around Organizations. Greenwich. JAI Press.
Powell W.W., White, D.R., Koput, K.W. & Owen-Smith, J., 2005. Network Dynamics and Field Evaluation: The growth of Interorganizational Collaboration in the Life Science. American Journal of Sociology, 110(4): 1132-1205.
Praest Knudsen, M. 2007. The relative importance of interfirm relationships and knowledge transfer for new product development success, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 24(2), 117-138.
Rosenkopf, L. & Almeida, P. 2003. Overcoming local search through alliances and mobility. Management Science, 49:751-766.
Rosenkopf, L., & Padula, G. 2008. Investigating the microstructure of network evolution: alliance formation in the mobile communications industry. Organization Science, 19(5), 669-687.
Rothaermel, F.T. & Deeds, D.L. 2004. Exploration and exploitation alliances in biotechnology: a system of new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 25: 201-221.
Rowley, T.J., Baum, J.A.C., Shipilov, A.V., Greve, H.R. & Rao, H. 2004. Competing in groups. Managerial and Decision Economics, 25: 453-471.
Rowley, T.J., Greve, H.R., Rao, H., Baum, J.A.C. & Shipilov, A.V. 2005. Time to break up: social and instrumental antecedents of firm exits from exchange cliques. Academy of Management Journal, 48: 499-520.
Rowley T., Behrens D. & Krackhardt D. 2000. Redundant governance structures: An analysis of structural and relational embeddedness in the steel and semiconductor industries. Strategic Management Journal, 21: 369-386
Sampson, R.C. 2005. Experience effects and collaborative returns in R&D Alliances. Strategic Management Journal, 26 1009-1031
Sampson, R.C. 2007. R&D alliances and firm performance: The impact of technological diversity and alliance organization on innovation. Academy of Management Journal, 50:364-386
Schilling, M. A. & Phelps, C., 2007. Interfirm Collaboration Networks: The Impact of Large-scale network structure on Firm Innovation. Management Science 53: 1113-1126.
Shan W., Walker G., & Kogut B., 1994. Inter-firm cooperation and startup innovation in the biotechnology industry. Strategic Management Journal, 15: 387-394.
Soh, P.K. & Roberts, E.B. 2003. Networks of innovators: a longitudinal perspective. Research Policy, 32: 1569-1588
Stuart, T.E. 2000. Interorganizational alliances and the performance of firms: A study of growth rates in a high-technology industry. Strategic Management Journal, 21: 791-811.
Trajtenberg, M., 1990. A penny for your quotes: Patent citations and the value of innovations. The Rand Journal of Economics, 21:172-187.
Tushman, M. L. and Anderson, P (1986); Technological Discontinuities and Organizational Environments, Administrative Science Quarterly, 31(3), 439-465.
Uzzi, B. 1997. Social structure and competition in inter-firm networks: the paradox of embeddedness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42:
Vanhaverbeke W., & Noorderhaven N.G., 2001. Competition between alliance blocks: The case of the RISC microprocessor technology. Organization Studies, 22: 1-27
Van de Vrande, V., Vanhaverbeke, W., Duysters, G., 2009. External technology sourcing: The effect of uncertainty on governance mode choice. Journal of business venturing, 24(1): 62-80.
Walker, G., Kogut, B. & Shan, W. 1997. Social capital, structural holes and the formation of an industry network. Organization Science, 8: 109-125.
Wuyts, S., Colombo, M.S., Dutta, S. & Nooteboom, B. 2005. Empirical tests of optimal cognitive distance, Journal of economic Behavior and Organization, 58: 277-302.