Kishtany, Naill and Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum (2004): Achieving the MDGs – A Note. Published in: Ethiopian Journal of Economics , Vol. 18, No. 1 (April 2009): pp. 101-116.
Download (208kB) | Preview
The material and symbolic importance of these targets make it vital to assess the analytical coherence of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) “project”. In this spirit, this paper highlights complexities and difficulties of the MDG approach. Specifically, it outlines a framework for analysing the MDGs and subsequently discusses measuring progress; achieving and valuing multi-dimensional outcomes; sustainability; devising policies during structural transformation; and implementing policies in a decentralised policy system. These discussions draw attention to limitations of current methods of analysing the MDGs. Indeed, the history of today’s rich countries shows that development is a drawn out, uneven and contradictory process full of reversals and discontinuity. The MDGs, with their ambitious, linear, broad, and essentially ahistorical set of socio-economic goals belie this complexity; contemporary developed countries measured yesterday with today’s MDG yardstick might well have been branded “failures”.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Achieving the MDGs – A Note|
|English Title:||Achieving the MDGs – A Note|
|Keywords:||Millennium Development Goals(MDGs), development policy, Tinbergen’s rule, structural transformation|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook > E61 - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy > O21 - Planning Models; Planning Policy
|Depositing User:||Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse|
|Date Deposited:||09. Nov 2010 10:26|
|Last Modified:||01. Mar 2013 00:41|
Alesina, A. and Perotti, R. (1994) “The Political Economy of Growth: A Critical Survey of the Recent Literature” World Bank Economic Review, Volume 8, Number 3 Atkinson, A. and Brandolini, A. (2001) “Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of ‘Secondary’ Data Sets: Income Inequality in OECD Countries as a Case Study” Journal of Economic Literature, 39, 3 Birdsall, N., Ross, D. and Sabot, R. (1995) “Inequality and Growth Reconsidered: Lessons from East Asia” World Bank Economic Review Volume 9, Number 3 Bredie, J. and Beeharry, G. (1998) “School enrolment decline in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beyond the Supply Constraint” Discussion Paper 395, World Bank Clemens, M. (2004) “The Long Walk to School: International education goals in historical perspective” Working Paper Number 37, Center for Global Development Clemens, M., Kenny, C., and Moss, T. (2004) “The Trouble with the MDGs: Confronting Expectations of Aid and Development Success” Working Paper Number 40, Center for Global Development Dagdeviren, H., van der Hoeven, R. and Weeks, J. (2000) “Redistribution Does Matter: Growth and Redistribution for Poverty Reduction” mimeo. Devarajan, S., Miller, J. and Swanson, V. (2002) “Goals for Development: History Prospects and Costs” Policy Research Working Paper 2819, World Bank Eggertsson, T. (1997) “The Old Theory of Economic Policy and the New Institutionalism” World Development, Volume 25 Number 8 Elbers, Chirs , Jan Willem Gunning, and Bill Kinsey (March 2002). "Convergence, Shocks, and Poverty: Micro Evidence on Growth under Uncertainty," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, TI 2002-035/2, Tinbergen Institute. Elbers, Chris, and Jan Willem Gunning (September 2003). "Vulnerability in a Stochastic Dynamic Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, TI 2003-070/2, Tinbergen Institute. Elbers, Chris, Jan Willem Gunning, and Bill Kinsey (July 2003)."Growth and Risk: Methodology and Micro Evidence," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, TI 2003-068/2, Tinbergen Institute. Fafchamps, Marcel (October 1999). Rural Poverty, Risk, and Development, Report Submitted to the Food and Agriculture Organization. Geda, Alemayehu, and John Weeks (August 2003). “Growth Instability among African Countries,” mimeo. Kendrick, David Andrew (2002). Stochastic Control for Economic Models, Second Edition, Version 2.00. Available at http://eco.utexas.edu/faculty/Kendrick. Kremer, M. and Miguel, E. “The Illusion of Sustainability” Working Paper Number 35, Center for Global Development Kuznets, S. (1966) Modern Economic Growth: Rate, Structure and Spread Yale University Press Lavy, V. (1996) “School supply constraints and children’s educational outcomes in rural Ghana” Journal of Development Economics, 51: 291-314 Ligon, Ethan and Laura Schechter (2004). “Evaluating Different Approaches to Estimating Vulnerability,” mimeo. McMahon, W. (1998) “Education and Growth in East Asia” Economics of Education Review 17(2) Moll, T. (1992) “Mickey Mouse Numbers and Inequality Research in Developing Countries” Journal of Development Studies, Volume 28 Number 4 Mundell, R. (1962) “The appropriate use of monetary and fiscal policy for internal and external stability” IMF Staff Papers, 9: 70-9. Petit, M. (1990) Control theory and dynamic games in economic policy analysis Cambridge University Press Sachs, Jeffrey D., John W. Mcarthur, Guido Schmidt-Traub, Margaret Kruk, Chandrika Bahadur, Michael Faye, and Gordon Mccord (2004). "Ending Africa’s Poverty Trap," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1: 2004. Sahn, D. and Stifel, D. (2001) “Progress Toward the Millennium Development Goals in Africa” mimeo Srinivasan, T (1994) “Data base for development analysis: An overview” Journal of Development Economics Volume 44, pp 3-27 Stiglitz, J. (1998) “More Instruments and Broader Goals: Moving toward the Post-Washington Consensus” WIDER Annual Lectures 2 Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum and Alex de Waal (February 2005). Child Survival during the 2002-03 Drought in Ethiopia, A Report Prepared for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Ethiopia. Tinbergen, J. (1952) On the Theory of Economic Policy Amsterdam: North Holland. World Bank (2002) “Achieving Universal Primary Education in Uganda: The ‘Big Bang’ Approach” Education Notes, Human Development Network World Bank (2003) “Education in Rwanda: Rebalancing Resources to Accelerate Post-Conflict Development and Poverty Reduction” Report Number 26038-RW, Human Development Department, Africa Region.