Dogruel, Fatma and Dogruel, A. Suut (2010): The Deindustrialization of Istanbul.
Download (316kB) | Preview
Istanbul and Adana are among the oldest and important industrial zones of Turkey. However, the shares of these two regions in the Turkish manufacturing sector substantially decreased after the year 1980. Initially, Adana was a center for the textile industry and the textile was the engine of the Turkish manufacturing sector. During 1980’s and 1990’s, textile industry gradually lost its dominance. Therefore, the change in the share of Adana can be explained by this phenomenon. On the other hand, manufacturing activities in Istanbul are highly diversified. The basic factor behind the decrease in the share of manufacturing sector of Istanbul is the deindustrialization policy implemented in this city during the last several decades. As a result of this policy some of the plants moved to neighborhoods of Istanbul. At the same time, constructions of new large scale plants were not allowed.
In spite of the implementation of the deindustrialization policy, Istanbul still have largest share in the Turkish manufacturing sector. Considering the geographical proximity, in addition to direct effects on Istanbul, it is possible to expect that these policies may indirectly affect neighborhood regions. Employing the spatial statistical techniques, we analyze the growth of the manufacturing in Istanbul and its neighborhoods. The paper also focuses on the effects of the deindustrialization policy on the productivity and the firm size in Istanbul.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Deindustrialization of Istanbul|
|Keywords:||deindustrialization policy; productivity changes; firm size; shift-share analysis|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R3 - Real Estate Markets, Production Analysis, and Firm Location > R38 - Government Policy; Regulatory Policy
|Depositing User:||Fatma Dogruel|
|Date Deposited:||30. Nov 2010 09:26|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 11:27|
Audretsch, D. B., Falck, O. and Heblich, S. (2007). "It's All in Marshall: The Impact of External Economies on Regional Dynamics" (September). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2094 Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1016956
Barff, Richard A. and Knight, Prentice L. (2006). “Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis,” Growth and Change, Volume 19 Issue 2, Pages 1 – 10.
Dogruel, F. and Dogruel, A.S. (2007) “Changing Industrial Structure with Privatization in Turkey,” presented at Sixth International Conference of the Middle East Economic Association, 14-16 March, 2007, Zayed University, Dubai, UAE.
Harris, Thomas R. Harris, Clayton B. Gillberg Rangesan Narayanan, J. Scott Shonkwiler and David K. Lambert. (1994). A Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Economic Impact Report the Nevada Economy, Technical Report, UCED 94-06, University of Nevada, Reno. Accessed at August 7, 2008 http://www.cabnr.unr.edu/uced/Reports/Technical/fy1994_1995/9495_06rpt.pdf
Hoover, Edgar M. and Giarratani, Frank. (1999). An Introduction to Regional Economics. Third Edition, Regional Research Institute, WVU
Krugman, P. (1995). Development, Geography, and Economic Theory. The MIT Press, Cambridge.
Krugman, P. (1999). “The Role of Geography in Development,” in Pleskovic and Stiglitz (Ed’s) Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics 1998, The World Bank, Washington, D.C., pp.89-125
Marshall, Alfred. ( 1920). Principles of Economics. Macmillan and Co., Ltd, London. [Online] available from http://www.econlib.org/library/Marshall/marP24.html; accessed 12 October 2008 [BOOK IV, CHAPTER X, Industrial Organization, Continued. The Concentration of Specialized Industries in Particular Localities.]
Riefler, Roger F. (1984). “Book Review: The Development of the U.S. Urban System, Vol. 1.: Concepts, Structures, Regional Shifts; Vol. 2: Industrial Shifts, Implications by Edgar S. Dunn, Jr.” Journal of Economic History. Vol. XLIV, No. I (March 1984). Pp.179-184.
Yuzer, Ayse Sebnem and Giritlioglu, Cengiz. (2003). “Sanayi alanlari yeni duzenleme stratejileri - Istanbul ornegi,” ITU dergisi/a mimarlik, planlama, tasarim, Cilt:2, Sayi:1, 119-127, Mart.
Yuzer, Mehmet Ali and Yuzer, Sebnem. (2007). “Istanbul’s Changing Manufacturing Structure in the Process of Transition to Information Society,” ERSA Congress. http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa99...