Fenske, James (2010): Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa.
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I test Bates' view that trade across ecological divides promoted the development of states in pre-colonial Africa. My main result is that sub-Saharan societies in ecologically diverse environments had more centralized pre-colonial states. I use spatial variation in rainfall to control for possible endogeneity. I construct artificial societies and present narrative evidence to show the results are not due to conquest of trading regions. I also test mechanisms by which trade may have caused states, and find that trade supported class stratification between rulers and ruled.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa|
|Keywords:||Africa, ecology, states, trade|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N57 - Africa; Oceania
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
|Depositing User:||James Fenske|
|Date Deposited:||04. Dec 2010 20:40|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 16:18|
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Available Versions of this Item
Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 04. Dec 2010 20:40)
Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. Mar 2011 15:58)
- Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. May 2011 13:35)
- Ecology, trade and states in pre-colonial Africa. (deposited 06. Mar 2011 15:58)