Naughton, Helen Tammela (2010): Globalization and Emissions in Europe. Published in: The European Journal of Comparative Economics , Vol. 7, No. 2 (2010): pp. 503-519.
Download (228kB) | Preview
This paper examines the impact of five globalization variables on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions in Europe from 1980-2000 in the framework of one empirical model. The spatial autoregressive regression model is estimated using 2SLS. The five variables of interest are trade, foreign direct investment, neighboring countries wealth, cross-border pollution and participation in international environmental treaties. I then omit each of the globalization effects one at a time and find that omitted variable bias would be significant for four of the globalization variables, the exception being neighbors' wealth.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Globalization and Emissions in Europe|
|Keywords:||globalization; environment; spatial econometrics|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F18 - Trade and Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q58 - Government Policy
|Depositing User:||Helen T. Naughton|
|Date Deposited:||28. Dec 2010 01:49|
|Last Modified:||22. Feb 2013 06:41|
Antweiler, W., B.R. Copeland, M.S. Taylor. (2001), ‘Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?’ The American Economic Review, 91, 877-908.
Barro, R., J.W. Lee. (2001), ‘International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications,’ Oxford Economic Papers, 53, 541-563.
Blonigen, B.A., R.B. Davies, G.R. Waddell, H.T. Naughton. (2007), ‘FDI in Space: Spatial Autoregressive Relationships in Foreign Direct Investment,’ European Economic Review, 51(5): 1303-1325.
Blonigen, B.A., R.B. Davies, H.T. Naughton, G.R. Waddell. (2007), ‘Spacey Parents: Spatial Autoregressive Patterns in Inbound FDI,’ forthcoming at Steven Brakman and Harry Garretsen (eds.), Recent Developments in International Trade: Globalization and the Multinational Enterprise, The MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.
Burtraw, D., S.J. Szambelan. (2009), ‘U.S. Emissions Trading Markets for SO2 and NOX,’ Resources for the Future Discussion Paper, 09-40.
CEPII (Centre d'études prospectives et d'informations internationals), Distance Database, On-Line.
Cole, M.A. (2004), ‘Trade, the Pollution Haven Hypothesis and the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Examining the Linkages,’ Ecological Economics, 48, 71-81.
Cole, M.A. (2006), ‘Does Trade Liberalization Increase National Energy Use?’ Economics Letters, 92, 108-112.
Cole, M.A., R.J.R. Elliott. (2003), ‘Determining the Trade-Environment Composition Effect: the Role of Capital, Labor and Environmental Regulations,’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 46, 363-383.
Copeland, B.R., M.S. Taylor. (1994), ‘North-South Trade and the Environment,’ The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 109, 755-787.
Copeland, B.R., and M.S. Taylor. (1995), ‘Trade and Transboundary Pollution,’ The American Economic Review, 85, 716-737.
Copeland, B.R., M.S. Taylor. (2003), Trade and the Environment, Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ.
Davies, R.B., H.T. Naughton. (2007), ‘Cooperation in Environmental Policy: A Spatial Approach,’ Department of Economics Working Paper, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.
Ederington, J., J. Minier. (2003), ‘Is Environmental Policy a Secondary Trade Barrier? An Empirical Literature,’ Canadian Journal of Economics, 36(1), 137-154.
EMEP. (2005), ‘Transboundary Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground Level Ozone in Europe in 2003,’ EMEP Status Report 2005, July 20, 2005.
Feenstra, R.C., R.E. Lipsey, H. Deng, A.C. Ma, H. Mo. (2005), ‘World Trade Flows: 1962-2000,’ NBER Working Paper No. 11040.
Frankel, J.A., A.K. Rose. (2002), ‘An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income,’ The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117, 437-466.
Frankel, J.A., A.K. Rose. (2005), ‘Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting Out the Causality,’ The Review of Economics and Statistics, 87, 85-91.
Freedom House. (2005), Freedom in the World Country Rankings: 1972-2005 Dataset, On-Line.
Grether, J., N.A. Mathys, J. de Melo. (2009), ‘Scale, Technique and Composition Effects in Manufacturing SO2 Emissions,’ Environmental and Resource Economics, 43, 257-274.
Grether, J., N.A. Mathys, J. de Melo. (2010), ‘Global Manufacturing SO2 Emissions: Does Trade Matter?’ Review of World Economics, 145, 713-729.
Grossman, G.M., A.B. Krueger. (1993), ‘Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement,’ in Peter M. Garber, ed., The U.S.—Mexico free trade agreement, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 13-56.
Harbaugh, W.T., A. Levinson, D. M. Wilson. (2002), ‘Reexamining the Empirical Evidence for an Environmental Kuznets Curve,’ The Review of Economics and Statistics, 84, 541-551.
Head, K., T. Mayer. (2004), ‘Market Potential and the Location of Japanese Investment in the European Union,’ The Review of Economics and Statistics, 86, 959-972.
Kellenberg, D.K. (2008), ‘A Reexaminazion fo the Role of Income for the Trade and Environment Debate,’ Ecological Economics, 68, 106-115.
Lamla, M.J. (2009), ‘Long-Run Determinants of Pollution: A Robustness Analysis,’ Ecological Economics, 69, 135-144.
Levinson, A., and M.S. Taylor. (2008), ‘Unmasking the Pollution Haven Effect,’ International Economic Review, 49(1), 223-254.
Maddison, D. (2006), ‘Environmental Kuznet’s Curves: A Spatial Econometric Approach,’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 51, 218-230.
Managi, S., A. Hibiki, T. Tsurumi. (2009), ‘Does Trade Openness Improve Environmental Quality?’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 58, 346-363.
Managi, S., S. Kumar. (2009), ‘Trade-Induced Technological Change: Analyzing Economic and Environmental Outcomes,’ Economic Modelling, 721-732.
MSC-W. (2002), ‘Emission Data Reported to UNECE/EMEP: Quality Assurance and Trend Analysis & Presentation of WebDab,’ MSC-W Status Report 2002, July 2002.
Murdoch, J.C., T. Sandler, K. Sargent. (1997), ‘A Tale of Two Collectives: Sulfur versus Nitrogen Oxides Emission Reduction in Europe,’ Economica, 64, 281-301.
Murdoch, J.C., T. Sandler, W.P.M. Vijverberg. (2003), ‘The Participation Decisions versus the Level of Participation in an Environmental Treaty: A Spatial Probit Analysis,’ Journal of Public Economics, 87, 337-362.
Porter, M., C. van der Linde. (1995), ‘Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship,’ Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9, 97–118.
Ringquist, E.J., T. Kostadinova. (2005), ‘Assessing the Effectiveness of International Environmental Agreements: The Case of the 1985 Helsinki Protocol,’ American Journal of Political Science, 49, 86-102.
UNCTAD. Foreign Direct Investment Database, On-Line.
World Bank. (1998), World Development Indicators 1998 On-Line, World Bank: Washington, DC.
World Bank. (2004), World Development Indicators 2004 on CDROM, World Bank: Washington, DC.