Fallahi, Firouz and Sojoodi, Sakineh and M.Aslaninia, Nassim (2010): Determinants of labor productivity in manufacturing firms of Iran:Emphasizing on labor education and training.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (1MB) | Preview
In an era of globalized competition, productivity has become a crucial factor determining profitability, competitiveness and the growth of a firm. High productivity means lower per unit cost and, therefore, ability of the firm to match prices on the global markets. Because of that, there has been an increasing interest recently in the literature on factors affecting productivity. This paper investigates the determinants of labor productivity at the firm level in the Iran’s manufacturing sector. The analysis is based on descriptive statistics and cross sectional regression models on a sample of 12299 Industrial firms. The results show that labor productivity is positively related to wage, fixed capital per employee, export orientation, R&D activity and Education of labor force.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Determinants of labor productivity in manufacturing firms of Iran:Emphasizing on labor education and training|
|English Title:||Determinants of Labor Productivity in Manufacturing Firms of Iran:Emphasizing on Labor Education and Training|
|Keywords:||Labor productivity, Industrial firms, Education, Training, Export, R&D|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor
|Depositing User:||sakineh sojoodi|
|Date Deposited:||27. Dec 2010 19:43|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 19:23|
Almeida, R. and Carneiro, P. (2009), The Return to firm Investments in Human Capital. Labour Economics, 16 (1). pp. 97-106
Aggrey, Niringiye, Luvanda Eliab and Shitundu Joseph(2010), Human Capital and Labor Productivity in East African Manufacturing Firms, Current Research Journal of Economic Theory 2(2): 48-54.
Aw, Bee Yan and A. R. Hwang(1995), Productivity and the Export Market: A Firm-Level Analysis, Journal of Development Economics 47, 313-332.
Baldwin, J.R., R. Jarmin and J. Tang(2002), The Trend to Smaller Producers in Manufacturing: A Canada/U.S. Comparison, Economic Analysis Research Paper Series, No. 3, Statistics Canada.
Baldwin, J.R., and W. Gu(2003), Plant Turnover and Productivity Growth in Canadian Manufacturing, Analytical Studies Research Paper Series No. 193, Statistics Canada.
Barberis, N., Boycko, M., Shleifer, A., Tsukanova, N(1996), How Does PrivatizationWork? Evidence from the Russian shops, Journal of Political Economy, Volume 104, pp. 764-790.
Bartel, A.P. and F.R. Lichtenberg (1987), The Comparative Advantage of Implementing New Technology, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 69, No. 1, pp. 1-11.
Becker, G.S(1964), Human Capital, a Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education. Columbia University Press, New York.
Bernard, Andrew B. (1995), Exporters and Trade Liberalization in Mexico: Production Structure and Performance, MIT mimeo, February.
Berndt, E. R., C. J. Morrison, and L. S. Rosenblum (1992), High-tech Capital, Economic Performance and Labor composition in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: An Exploratory Analysis”. MIT Working Paper 3414EFA.
Black, S. and L. Lynch(1996), Human-capital investments and productivity. Am. Econ. Rev., 86(2): 263-267.
Brynjolfsson, E. and L. Hitt (1995), Information Technology as a Factor of Production: The Role of Difference Among Firms, Economics, Innovation and New Technology, 3: 183-199.
Claessens, Stijn, and Simeon Djankov (1999), Ownership Concentration and Corporate Performance in the Czech Republic, Journal of Comparative Economics, Vol. 27(3): 498.513.
Clerides, Sofronis K., Saul Lach and James R. Tybout(1998), “Is Learning by Exporting Important? Micro-dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico, and Morocco, Quarterly Journal of Economics, CXIII, 903-947.
Corvers, F.(1997) The Impact of human capital on labor productivity in manufacturing sectors of the European Union. Applied Economics, 29(8): 975-987.
Crépon B., Duguet E. and Mairesse J(1998), Research, Innovation, and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 7 (2), pp. 115-158.
Del Monte A. and Papagni E(2003), R&D and the Growth of Firms: Empirical Analysis of a Panel of Italian Firms, Research Policy, 32 (6), 1003-1014.
Farinas, José C. and Ana Martin-Marcos(2003), Exporting and Economic Performance: Firm-Level Evidence for Spanish Manufacturing, Universidad Complutense and UNED, Madrid, mimeo, April.
Fraquelli, Giovanni and Fabrizio Erbetta (2000), Privatisation in Italy: an Analysis of Factor Productivity and Technical Efficiency’, pp. 537 and 557 in Parker, David (Ed.), Privatisation and Corporate Performance. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.
Frydman, Roman, Cheryl W. Gray, Marek Hessel, and Andrzej Rapaczynski(1999), When Does Privatization Work? The Impact of Private Ownership on Corporate Performance in Transition Economies, Q. J. Econ., 114:4, pp. 1153-1191.
Ehrlich, Isaac, Georges Gallais-Hamonno, Zhiqiang Liu, and Randall Lutter(1994), Productivity Growth and Firm Ownership: An Empirical Investigation, J. Polit. Econ., 102, pp. 1006-1038.
Griliches, Z.(1986), Productivity, R&D and Basic Research at the Firm Level. American Economic Review, 76(1): 141-167.
Greenaway, David, Joakim Gullstrand and Richard Kneller(2003), Exporting May Not Always Boost Firm Level Productivity, University of Nottingham, GEP Research Paper 2003/26.
Girma, Sourafel, David Greenaway and Richard Kneller(2004), Does Exporting Increase Productivity? A Microeconometric Analysis of Matched Firms.” Review of International Economics, 12, 855-866.
Gupta, N.(2005), Partial Privatization and Firm Performance, Journal of Finance 60 (2), 987-1015.
Hall B. H. and Mairesse J.(1995), Exploring the Relationship between R&D and Productivity in French Manufacturing Firms, Journal of Econometrics, 65 (1), pp. 263-293 .
Iran Statistical Center, the census plan of industrial workshops with 10 employees or more.
Hansson, Pär and Nan Nan Lundin. (2004), Exports as an Indicator on or Promoter of Successful Swedish Manufacturing Firms in the 1990s, Review of World Economics / Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 140, 415-445.
Huang, Tzu-Ling, Arne Hallam, Peter F. Orazem, and Elizabeth M. Peter (1998), Empirical Tests of Efficiency Wage Models, Economica 65, 125–43.
Laurin, Claude and Yves Bozec(2000), Privatization and Productivity Improvement: The Case of Canadian National (CN), working paper, Ecoles de HEC, Montreal.
Leung, Danny, Césaire Meh, and Yaz Terajima(2008), Firm Size and Productivity, Bank of Canada Working Paper 2008-45.
Lichtenberg, F. R. (1993), The Output Contributions of Computer Equipment and Personnel: A Firm-Level Analysis, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 4540, Cambridge, MA.
Liu, Jin-Tan, Meng-Wen Tsou and James K. Hammitt(1999), “Export Activity and Productivity: Evidence from the Taiwan Electronics Industry, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv / Review of World Economcis 135, 675-691.
Lööf H. and Heshmati A.(2002), Knowledge Capital and Performance Heterogeneity: An Innovation Study at Firm Level, International Journal of Production Economics, 76 (1), pp. 61-85.
Mincer, J.(1974), Schooling, experience and earnings, National Bureau of Economic Research, New York.
Muhlau, P., and Lindenberg, S.M.(2003). Efficiency Wages: Signals or Incentives? An Empirical Study of the Relationship Between Wage and Commitment, Journal of Management and Governance, 7, 385–400.
Nelson, R.R. and E.S. Phelps (1966), Investment in Humans, Technological Diffusion an Economic Growth, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 56, pp. 69-75.
Papadogonas, Theodore and Fotini Voulgaris(2005), Labor Productivity Growth in Greek Manufacturing Firms. Operational Research, 5(3): 459-472.
Parker, David, Martin, Stephen(1995), The Impact of UK Privatisation on Labour and Total Factor Productivity, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 42(2 (May)), 201-20.
Rogers, M. and Y. Tseng (2000), Analysing Firm-Level Labour Productivity Using Survey Data, Melbourne Institute Working Paper 10/00.
Romaguera, Pilar (1991), Wage Differentials and Efficiency Wage Models: Evidence from the Chilean Economy. University of Notre Dame, Kellog Institute Discussion Working Paper No. 153.
Schultz, T.W.(1961), Investment in Human Ccapital. Am.Econ. Rev., 51(1): 1-17.
Snodgrass, D.R., and T. Biggs.(1995), Industrialization and Small Firms Patterns and Policies, San Francisco, International Center for Economic Growth.
Tian, George Lihui(2000) State Shareholding and Corporate Performance: A Study of a Unique Chinese DataSet, working paper, London Business School, London.
Tsou, Meng-Wen, Jin-Tan Liu and James Hammitt(2002), Exporting and Productivity, Harvard School of Public Health, mimeo, December.
Turcotte, Julie and Lori Whewell Rennison(2004), Productivity and Wages: Measuring the Effect of Human Capital and Technology Use From Linked Employer-Employee Data, Department of Finance Working Paper 2004-01.
Van Ark, B., and E. Monnikhof(1996), Size Distribution of Output and Employment: A Data Set For Manufacturing Industries in Five OECD Countries, 1960s-1990, OECD Economics Department Working Paper, No. 166.
Van Biesebroeck, J.(2005), Firm Size Matters: Growth and Productivity Growth in African Manufacturing, Economic Development and Cultural Change 53: 546.583.
Welch, F., 1970. Education in production. J. Polit. Econ., 78: 35-59.
Wagner, Joachim(2005), Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm Level Data, HWWA Discussion Paper, No. 319.
Available Versions of this Item
Determinants of Labor Productivity in Iran’s Manufacturing Firms: With Emphasis on Labor Education and Training. (deposited 16. Dec 2010 18:02)
- Determinants of labor productivity in manufacturing firms of Iran:Emphasizing on labor education and training. (deposited 27. Dec 2010 19:43) [Currently Displayed]