Kenani, James M. (2004): The Impact of Donor and NGO Activities on Maize Seed and Fertilizer Markets and Food Security in Malawi.
Download (448Kb) | Preview
A study was carried out in Mitundu, Chiwamba and Chiponde EPAs to analyze the impact of donor and NGO activities on maize seed and fertilizer markets and food security in Malawi. Farmers, traders and officials were interviewed in both the production and trading activities. The study showed that the free input programme had negative impact on the commercial marketing of maize seed and fertilizer. There was reduced demand hence low volume of sales in wholesale and retail markets. It was further found that the study areas have few private traders in these agricultural inputs than soon after introduction of market liberalization. On the part of production the study results showed that there was positive impact on maize production due to use of fertilizer and improved maize varieties. This positive impact on yields was also related to farm size, and amount of fertilizer used. The study revealed that there was some disruption of retail market for fertilizers as normal supply channels were taken over by the project. Supplies of the maize seed already limited, were diverted from their usual retailers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Impact of Donor and NGO Activities on Maize Seed and Fertilizer Markets and Food Security in Malawi.|
|English Title:||The Impact of Donor and NGO Activities on Maize Seed and Fertilizer Markets and Food Security in Malawi.|
|Keywords:||Malawi; NGO; Donors; Markets; Maize; Fertilizer|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution
D - Microeconomics > D4 - Market Structure and Pricing
|Depositing User:||James M Kenani|
|Date Deposited:||01. Jan 2011 20:32|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 03:43|
ACU. 2003. Malawi Newsletter Issue No 1, FAO Report (Unpublished).
Blackie, M. with Benson, T., Conroy, A., Gilbert, R., Kanyama-Phiri, G., Kumwenda, J. Mann, C., Mughogho, S., and Phiri, A. 1998. ‘Malawi: Soil Fertility Issues and Options, A discussion Paper Rockefeller Foundation: Study Commissioned by the Ministry of Finance.
Conroy, A.C.1993. The Economics of Smallholder Maize Production in Malawi with Reference the Degrees of PhD in the Faculty of Economics and Social Studies. Institute of Development Policy and Management.
FAO.1987. Evaluation of the Seed Improvement and Development Programme, Paper Presented to the 24th Conference Session , Rome. Kamchacha, D. B. 2003. Fertilizer Demand and Supply Situation in Malawi, a Resource Paper for the 1st Malawi Agri-Input Round Table Meeting, organized by IFDC- AIMS, Natural Resources College, Lilongwe. (Unpublished).
Kherallah, R. Minot, N. Kachule, Soule, B.G. and Berry, P. 2001. Impact of Agricultural Market Reforms on Smallholder Farmers in Benin and Malawi. GTZ. University of Hohenheim and Collaborating African Institutions.
Levy, S. 2003. 2002-02 Starter Packs and Hunger Crises. A briefing for policymakers on Food Security in Malawi. (Unpublished).
Longley, C. Coulter, J. and Thompson, R.1999. Malawi Rural Livelihoods Starter Pack Scheme, 1998-99; Evaluation Report. Odi, Portland House, Stag Place London SWIESDP.
Marsland, N. 1996 ‘farmers’ needs and the SIP: Implications for household food Security Strategies,’ in section 3, vol 1,pp.99-160 of Action Aid-Malawi (1997) ‘ Supplementary inputs programme 1995/96 agriculture season’ Malawi: Action Aid-Malawi.
MoA&I. 1999. Area-Specific Fertilizer Recommendations for hybrid maize grown by Smallholder Farmers in Malawi. Brochure prepared by Agricultural Communications Branch & Maize productivity Task Force.
Smale, M, Phiri, Chikafa, A, with combinations from P.W., Heisey, F., Mahatta, M.N.S, Msowoya, E.B.K., Mwanyongo, Sagawa, H.G. and Selemani, H.A.C. 1998. Institutional change and discontinuities in farmers’ use of hybrid maize seed and fertilizer in Malawi: findings from the 1996-97 CIMMYT/MoALD survey’. Economics working paper 98-01.Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT UNDP. 1995. Human Development Reports 1995. Oxford University Press