Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Learning, Generalization and the Perception of Information: an Experimental Study

Novarese, Marco and Lanteri, Alessandro and Tibaldeschi, Cesare (2010): Learning, Generalization and the Perception of Information: an Experimental Study. Published in: New Essays in Logic and Philosophy of Science, edited by Marcello D'Agostino, Giulio Giorello, Federico Laudisa, Telmo Pievani and Corrado Sinigaglia, College Publications, London (2010)

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Abstract

This article experimentally explores the way in which human agents learn how to process and manage new information. In an abstract setting, players should perform an everyday task: selecting information, making generalizations, distinguishing contexts. The tendency to generalize is common to all participants, but in a different way. Best players have a stringer tendency to generalise rules. A high score is, in fact, associated with low entropy for mistakes, that is with a tendency to repeat the same mistakes over and over. Though the repetition of mistakes might be considered a failure to properly employ feedback or a bias, it may instead turn out as a viable and successful procedure. This result is connected to the literature on learning.

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