Dahar, Muhammad Arshad and Dahar, Rashida Ahmad and Dahar, Riffat Tahira (2009): Prior achievement is the indicator of use of school resources and the predictor of academic achievement in Punjab (Pakistan).
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (169kB) | Preview
This study investigates whether prior achievement or the prior ability is the important indicator of the use of school resource inputs and the predictor of academic achievement at secondary level in Pakistan. Prior achievement is the cumulative function of all the current and prior resource inputs i.e. family inputs, SES, peers' effect and SRIs. Prior achievement is an indicator of learning or an aptitude to learn and use the SRIs effectively. Population of the study comprised all secondary and higher secondary schools and secondary students in Punjab. Overall, a total of 288 schools, and then 20 students from each school were randomly selected as the sample of the study. The longitudinal data of academic achievement in the form of aggregate marks of the annual examinations of the Classes VI, VII, & VIII as prior achievement and that of the Class X as academic achievement of the same students through “Result Sheet”. The data were summarized at school level and then analyzed collectively. Pearson correlation was used to find out the relationship (association) of prior achievement with the academic achievement. Furthermore, Stepwise Regression analysis with linear function was used to find out the differential impact (causal-relationship) of prior achievement on the academic achievement. The results of the study show that the prior achievement has a significant differential impact of prior achievement on academic achievement. It is derived that prior achievement plays a major role in producing academic achievement and that it is a very important predictor of academic achievement. The policy implication of this study is that is that students with the standard prior achievement must be ensured as the admission criteria at secondary stage. Likewise, this policy must be implied to all the levels of education.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Prior achievement is the indicator of use of school resources and the predictor of academic achievement in Punjab (Pakistan)|
|Keywords:||prior achievement; resource inputs; predictor, relationship (association); differential impact (causal-relationship); academic achievement|
|Subjects:||G - Financial Economics > G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance > G38 - Government Policy and Regulation
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D24 - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
|Depositing User:||Muhammad Arshad Dahar|
|Date Deposited:||26. Jan 2011 09:10|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 19:16|
Albernaz, A., Ferreira, F.H.G., & Franco, C. (2002). Qualidade e equidade na educacao fundamental brasileira (Working paper). Rio de Janeiro: Departamento de Economia PUC-RIO.
Carroll, C.A., and Garavalia. L.S., (2004). Factors Contributing to academic achievement of Pharmacy Students: Use of the Goal-Efficacy Framework. Am J Pharm Educ. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2004, 68(4), Article 88.
Coleman, J., Campbell, E., Hobson, C., McPartland, J., Mood, A., Weinfield, F., & York, R. (1966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, DC. US Gov¬ernment Printing Office.
Dahar, M.A., Dahar, R.A. & Dahar, R.T. (2009). Mis-allocation of Student Teacher Ratio, Class Size and Per Student Expenditure leads to the Wastage of School Resource Inputs and Lower Academic Achievement: An Issue of Resource Management, Working Paper. MPRA paper No. 28143, posted on 14th January 2011. Available at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/28143/
Dahar, M.A., Dahar, R.A., Iqbal, M.Z. & Faize, F.A. (2010). Impact of Per Pupil Expenditures on the Academic Achievement of Students at the Secondary Stage in Pakistan. International Journal of Finance and Economics, Issue 52 (2010), pp. 124-135, ISSN: 1450-2887.
Dahar, M.A., Faize, F.A. & Niwaz, A. (2010). A Study of the University College of Education Chiniot with Reference to Total Quality Management. European Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 16(4), pp. 511-525, ISSN: 1450-2267.
Dahar, M.A., Faize, F.A., Niwaz, A., Hussain, M.A. & Zaman, A. (2010). Relationship between the Leadership Styles and Academic Achievement at the Secondary Stage in Punjab. International Journal of Academic Research, Vol. 2(6), pp. 459-462, ISSN-Print: 2075-4124, E-ISSN: 2075-7107.
Dahar, M.A., Faize, F.A., Niwaz, A. & Tahira, R. (2010). Deficient Level of the Availability and the Use of School Resource Inputs leads to their wastage and the lower level of Student Achievement: An Issue of Resource Management, Proceedings (published papers) of the 3rd International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education ICAQHE, 2010. Modeling in Higher Education, 6th to 8th December, 2010. pp. 362-378, Lahore, Pakistan: University of the Punjab.
Dahar, M.A., Iqbal, M.Z. & Dahar, R.A. (2009). Impact of Per Pupil Expenditures on the Academic Achievement of Students at the Secondary Stage in Punjab (Pakistan). MPRA Paper No. 19844 (working paper). posted 08, January 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2010 from: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/19844/
Garavalia, L.S., & Gredler, M.E. (2002). Prior Achievement, Aptitude and Use of Learning Strategies as Predictors of College Student Achievement, College Student Journal, Vol. 36.
Government of Pakistan (2002). Education Sectors Reforms. Islamabad: Ministry of Education.
Government of Pakistan (2009). National Education Policy 2009. Islamabad: Ministry of Education.
Gregoire, M., Ashton, P., & Algina, J. (2001). The Role of Prior and Perceived Ability in Influencing the Relationship of Goal Orientation to Cognitive Engagement and Academic Achievement. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001). Educational Resource Information Centre (ERIC). Retrieved March 14, 2009 from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ ericdocs2sql/ content_storage_01/0000019b/80/23/12/4f.pdf
Hanushek, E.A. (2006). School Resources, In Handbook of the Economics of Education. Vol. 2, Chap.14, p.3, 39. National Bureau of Economics, Stanford University.
Iida, H., Tanja, K., & Roope, U. (2000). School Resources and Student Achievement Revisited: New Evidence using Panel Data. Helsinki: Government Institute for Economic Research, Helsinki (C, ISSN 0788-5016, No. 227). ISBN 951-561-325-6.
Irwin, M., Engle, P.L., Yarbrough, Ch., Klein, R.E., & Townsend, J. (1978). The Relationship of Prior Ability and Family Characteristics to School Attendance and School Achievement in Rural Guatemala. Child Development 49 (2), pp. 415-427.
Lockheed, M., & Hanushek, E.A. (1988). Improving educational efficiency in developing countries: What do we know. Compare, 18(1).
Nascimento, P.A.M.M. (2008). School Resources and Student Achievement: Worldwide Findings and Methodological Issues, M.Sc. in Economics of Education, Institute of Education, University of London. Bahia State Department of Education (Bahia, Brazil). Educate~ Special Issue (March 2008), pp. 19-30.
Rana, R.A. (2002). Relationship between Parents’ Socioeconomic Status, Students’ Self-concept and Gender, and Science-related attitudes and achievement of students at Grades 11 and 12, A Doctoral Dissertation/ Lahore, Pk: Institute of Education and Research (IER), Punjab University.
Uz, H., & Eryilmaz, A. (1999). Factors of Socioeconomic Status, Locus of Control, Prior \Achievement, Cumulative GPA, Future Occupation and Achievement in Mathematics on Students Attitudes towards Physics, Hacettepe Universitesi Egitim Fakiiltesi Dergisi, 16-17, pp. 105 – 112.
Available Versions of this Item
Prior achievement is the important indicator of use of school resource inputs and the predictor of academic achievement at secondary stage in Punjab (Pakistan). (deposited UNSPECIFIED)
- Prior achievement is the indicator of use of school resources and the predictor of academic achievement in Punjab (Pakistan). (deposited 26. Jan 2011 09:10) [Currently Displayed]