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المشهد الحضاري العربي: سؤال المؤسسة.. سؤال الإنسان.. في تحديد ملامح الابعاد السياسية و الاقتصادية

Kouni, Mohamed (2004): المشهد الحضاري العربي: سؤال المؤسسة.. سؤال الإنسان.. في تحديد ملامح الابعاد السياسية و الاقتصادية.

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Abstract

We try to introduce in this paper an outline of explanation of the under development sources in the Arab world, by adopting the new definition of the social capital and institutional efficiency. It will be summarized around the intuition of spontaneous institution. It signifies the respect of the other’s rights in spontaneous and unconscious make. We are demonstrated that the institutional success is linked at the collective unconscious and spontaneous behaviors of the individuals. We showed also, that every nation has a spontaneous institution translating the level of the liberty respect and the initiative degree. This institution can be qualified like a social capital in the societies where the laws are respected spontaneously by the members of the society. It can constitute, on the other hand, an economic and social obstacle in other nations. Thus, this institution affects the human quality, the use of knowledge’s and the labor force in general. Consequently, in the presence of inefficient spontaneous institution, the growth and development opportunity will be limited and the economy becomes enabling to absorb all flows of the workers.

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