Borooah, Vani (2010): Social Exclusion and Jobs Reservation in India. Published in: Economic and Political Weekly , Vol. XLV, No. 52 (25. December 2010): pp. 31-35.
Download (123Kb) | Preview
This paper argues that social exclusion robs people of their "confidence" and this loss adversely affects their capacity to function effectively. We may not be able to define confidence precisely but we know it when we have it and also when we lack it. In a “just” society, no group should unfairly suffer from a “confidence deficit” or enjoy a “confidence surplus”. However, affirmative action policies to boost a deprived group's employment rate suffer from several defects. In particular, they may have only a small effect (as with Dalits in India) when the group's educational base is low. Consequently, another prong of policy could, indeed should, focus on improving the educational standards of Dalits. The root of the problem of poor Dalit achievement lies in the many dysfunctional primary and secondary schools in the villages and towns of India. Admittedly, tackling the problem at its roots will only yield results after a long delay. Nor does the emphasis on effective learning at school carry the glamour associated with being a putative graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology, the Indian Institute of Management, or the All-India Medical Institute. But, before the vast mass of educationally and economically deprived children in India (many of whom are Dalits) can meaningfully enter the portals of Universities and Institutes of Higher Education they need to go to good schools.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Social Exclusion and Jobs Reservation in India|
|English Title:||Social Exclusion and Jobs Reservation in India|
|Keywords:||Dalits; Discrimination; Social Exclusion; Deprivation|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination > J71 - Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
K - Law and Economics > K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law > K31 - Labor Law
|Depositing User:||Vani / K Borooah|
|Date Deposited:||10. Feb 2011 17:20|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 14:41|
Akerlof, G.A. and Schiller, R.J. (2009), Animal Spirits, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Becker, Gary.S. 1971. The Economics of Discrimination, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Borooah, Vani K. and Iyer, Sriya. 2005. Vidya, Veda, and Varna: The Influence of Religion and Caste on Education in Rural India. Journal of Development Studies, vol. 41, No. 8, pp. 1369-1404.
Borooah, Vani K., Dubey, Amaresh, and Iyer, Sriya. 2007. The Effectiveness of Jobs Reservation: Caste, Religion, and Economic Status in India. Development & Change, vol. 38, pp. 423-455, 2007.
DFID. 2005. Reducing Poverty by Tackling Social Exclusion. DFID Policy Paper. London: Department for International Development.
Engineer, A. A. 2002, ‘Indian Muslims and Education’, Secular Perspective, July 1-15. Mumbai: Centre for the Study of Secularism.
Jeffery, Roger and Jeffery, Patricia. 1997. Population, Gender and Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lenoir, René. 1974/1989. Les Exclus: Un Francais sur Dix. Paris: Editions du Seuil.
Oyen, Else. 1997. The Contradictory Concepts of Social Exclusion and Social Inclusion. In Social Exclusion and Anti-Poverty Policy, edited by Charles Gore and Jose B. Figueiredo. Geneva: International Institute of Labour Studies.
Phelps, Edward.S. 1972. The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism, American Economic Review, vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 25-43.
Sen, Amartya. 2000. Social Exclusion: Concept, Application, and Scrutiny. Social Development Papers No.1, Office of Economic and Social Development. Manila: Asian Development Bank.
Shariff, A. 2006, Social, Economic and Social Status of Muslims in India. Government of India: New Delhi.
Silver, Hilary. 1995. Reconceptualizing Social Disadvantge: Three Paradigms of Social Exclusion. In Social Exclusion: Rhetoric, Reality, Responses, edited by Gerry Rodgers, Charles Gore, and Jose Figueiredo. Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies.
Smith, Adam. 1776. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (republished, edited by R.H. Campbell and A.S. Skinner. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976).
Thorat, S. 2009. Dalits in India: Search for a Common Destiny, New Delhi: Sage Publications.