Hattori, Keisuke (2011): Optimal Environmental Policy under Monopolistic Provision of Clean Technologies.
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In this paper, we characterize optimal environmental policy in a case where innovation in clean production technologies is developed and provided by a monopoly. Two policy instruments are considered: an emission tax on downstream polluting firms and an R& D subsidy for an upstream innovator in clean technologies. We find that (i) a higher emission tax may increase (decrease) R&D investment when the burden of the tax payment in the polluters' marginal costs and the price-elasticity of the demand for polluting goods are rather small (large), (ii) the social optimum can be achieved by the combined implementation of an emission tax that is smaller than an ex-ante Pigouvian rate and a subsidy that is equal to the rate of emission reduction due to the new technology, and (iii) if the policy instrument is limited to the emission tax, the second-best tax rate lies between the first-best rate and the ex-ante Pigouvian rate. We test our model by numerical simulation and demonstrate the possibility of a type of ``double dividend'' due to the emission tax. Three extensions of the model are then considered: Cournot competition in the polluting industry, a subsidy to polluters who adopt the new technology, and technology spillovers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Optimal Environmental Policy under Monopolistic Provision of Clean Technologies|
|Keywords:||Environmental Tax; R&D; Environmental Damages; Patent|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L5 - Regulation and Industrial Policy > L51 - Economics of Regulation
L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L13 - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q55 - Technological Innovation
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q58 - Government Policy
|Depositing User:||Keisuke Hattori|
|Date Deposited:||17. Feb 2011 18:23|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 12:40|
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