Dekkers, Gijs (2008): Are the old poor? A discussion and some cursory evidence.
Download (342Kb) | Preview
Many of us associate old-age and retirement with vulnerability, both physical and economical. Even though the position of the group of elderly as a whole has improved considerably and is now no less than that of younger cohorts , poverty among elderly remains an issue worth of analyzing, also since they have fewer possibilities to recover from a drop in income, for example by changing their labour market behaviour. This paper hopes to give cursory evidence on the poverty position of the elderly, while discussing some recent research.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Are the old poor? A discussion and some cursory evidence|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I30 - General|
|Depositing User:||Gijs Dekkers|
|Date Deposited:||10. Mar 2011 22:07|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 03:29|
Barnay, Thomas, Thierry Debrand, 2006, Effects of health on the labour force participation of older persons in Europe, Health Economics Letter, No 109. http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceAnglais/Publications/IrdesPublications/QES109.pdf [31/10/2008]
Blanchet, Didier, Thierry Debrand, 2007, Aspiration à la retraite, santé et satisfaction du travail: une comparaison européenne, Institut de Recherche et documentation en economy de la Santé IRDES, working paper, 1, February 2007. http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceRecherche/DocumentsDeTravail/DT1AspirationRetraite.pdf [31/10/2008]
Böhnke, P., 2001, Reporting on Social Exclusion: Standard of Living and Social Participation in Hungary, Spain, and Germany, Welfare in Europe-Euromodule, working paper FS III 01-407, Wissenschaftzentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung
Börsch-Supan, Axel, 2007, European welfare state regimes and their generosity towards the elderly, MEA-paper 128-2007, Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing.
Brown, Robert, Steven Prus, 2003, Social Transfers and Income Inequality in Old-age: a multi-national perspective, SEDAP Research Paper No. 109, September 2003. http://ideas.repec.org/s/mcm/sedapp.html [31/10/2008]
Browning, Martin, Thomas Crossley, 2001, The life cycle model of consumption and saving. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15(3), 3-22.
Cherchye, Laurens, Bram de Rock, Frederik Vermeulen, 2008, Economic Well-being and poverty among the Elderly: an analysis based on a collective consumption model. Center for Economic Studies Discussion Paper Series, 08.07, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Economics.
Dang, Thai-Thanh, Herwig Immervoll, Daniela Mantovani, Kristian Orsini and Holly Sutherland, 2006, An Age perspective on economic well-being and social protection in nine OECD countries, OECD Social, employment and migration working papers, DELSA/ELSA/WD/SEM/(2006)3.
Dekkers, Gijs, 2003, Multidimensionele armoede in België, Tijdschrift voor Sociologie, vol. 23, no 1, pp. 63-93.
Dekkers, Gijs, 2004, Financial and Multidmensional poverty in European countries: can the former be used as a proxy of the latter? Paper prepared for the 28th general conference of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Cork, Ireland, August 22-28, 2004.
Dekkers, Gijs, 2008, Are you unhappy? Then you’re poor! Multidimensional poverty in Belgium, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 28 (11/12)
Dekkers, Gijs, Annelies Debels, 2007, Genre, pensions et pauvreté : une comparaison Belgique – Pays-Bas. In : Legros, F., (ed.) Les Retraites. Libres opinions d’experts européens. Paris : economica.
Dekkers, Gijs, Florence Legros, 2008, Models for policy support on the impact of pensions: bringing ‘consumers’ and ‘producers’ together. Introductory paper presented at the workshop of the same name, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, September 25th, 2008.
Dekkers, Gijs, Hermann Buslei, Maria Cozzolino, Raphael Desmet, Johannes Geyer, Dirk Hofmann, Michele Raitano, Viktor Steiner, Paola Tanda, Simone Tedeschi, and Frédéric Verschueren, 2008, What are the consequences of the AWG-projections for the adequacy of social security pensions? An application of the dynamic micro simulation model MIDAS for Belgium, Italy and Germany, ENEPRI, Report of the Work Package 4 of The AIM project.
EHEMU - European Health Expectancy Monitoring Unit, 2006, Estimations of health expectancy at age 65 in European Union countries in 2004, EHEMU Technical report 2006, 2, http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_projects/2003/action1/docs/2003_1_08_rep3b_en.pdf [31/10/2008]
Engen, Eric, William Gale, Cori Uccello, 2004, Lifetime Earnings, Social Security Benefits, and the adequacy of Retirement Wealth Accumulation, CRR WP 2004-10, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.
EC (2006) The impact of ageing on public expenditure: projections for the EU-25 Member States on pensions, health care, long-term care, education and unemployment transfers, European Economy Special Report, n. 1/2006.
Eschtruth, Andrew, Wei Sun, Anthony Webb, 2006, Will reverse mortgages rescue the baby boomers?, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, an issue in brief, 2008, no 8-12.
Fischer, Jonathan, David Johnson, Joseph Marchand, Timothy Smeeding, Barbara Boyle Torrey, 2007, No place like home: older adults and their housing, Journal of Gerontology: social sciences, 2007, vol. 62B, no 2, pp. S120-S128
Guio, Anne-Catherine, 2005, , Material Deprivation in the EU, Statistics in Focus, No. 21, European Communities, Brussels.
Gruber, J., D. Wise, 2004, Introduction, in Gruber J and Wise D (Eds.) Social Security Programs and Retirement around the world: micro-estimation, Chicago: the University of Chicago Press, 1st ed, 1-41.
Hallberg, Daniel, 2006, Cross-national differences in income poverty among Europe’s 50+, Uppsala Universitet, department of economics, Working Paper 2006, no 14.
High Council of Finances (Hoge Raad voor de Financiën), (2008), Annual report of the Study Committee on Ageing (Jaarlijks verlag van de Studiecommissie voor de vergrijzing), Brussels.
Hurd, Michael, 1990, Research on the Elderly: economic status, retirement, and consumption and saving, Journal of Economic Literature, 28, 565-637.
Jamet, Stéphanie, 2007, Combating poverty and social exclusion in France, OECD Economics Department working papers No 569.
G. Jehoel-Gijsbers & C. Vrooman, 2008, Sociale uitsluiting in Nederland en Europa. In: SCP, Betrekkelijke betrokkenheid; studies in sociale cohesie, Sociaal en Cultureel Rapport 2008, p. 234-258. Den Haag: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.
Kalwij, Adriaan, Frederic Vermeulen, 2005, Labour Force Participation of the Elderly in Europe: the importance of being healthy, IZA DP, No 1887.
Kangas, Olli, Joakim Palme, 2000, Does social policy matter? Poverty cycles in OECD countries. International Journal of Health Services, vol. 30, no 2, 335-352.
Munnell, Alicia, Mauricio Soto, 2008, The housing bubble and retirement security, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, an issue in brief, 2008, no 8-12.
Short, Kathleen, and Patricia Ruggles, 2004, Accounting for Net Worth in Measuring Poverty, paper prepared for the 28th General Conference of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Cork, Ireland, August 22-28, 2004.
Sierminska, Eva, Andrea Brandolini, Timothy Smeeding, 2007, Cross-national comparison of income and wealth status in retirement: first results from the Luxemburg Wealth Study (LWS), Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, CRR WP 2007-3.
Social Protection Committee (SPC), 2006, Minimum Income Provision for Older People. http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/spsi/adequacy_sustainability_en.htm [visited 231008]
Spicker, Paul, 2001, Cross-national comparisons of poverty: reconsidering methods. International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 10, 153-163.
Sue Alan, Kadir Alatay, Thomas Crossley, 2007, The Adequacy of Retirement Savings: subjective survey reports by retired Canadians, SEDAP Research Paper No. 199, May 2007.
Tsakloglou, P., Papadopoulos, F. (2002), “Aggregate Level and determining Factors of social exclusion in Twelve European Countries”, Journal of European Social Policy, Vol. 12, No 3, pp. 211-225
Williamson, James, Smeeding, Tim, 2004, Sliding into Poverty? Cross-National Patterns of Income Source Change and Income Decay in Old Age, CRR WP 2004-25, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.
Zaidi, Asghar, 2006, Poverty of Elderly People in EU25, European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Policy Brief, August 2006. http://www.euro.centre.org/detail.php?xml_id=730 [24/10/08]
Zaidi, Asghar, Marin, Bernd, and Fuchs, Michael, 2006, Pension Policy in EU25 and its possible impact on Elderly Poverty. Second Report, July 10th, 2006, European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research.