Onyenweaku, C.E and Nwachukwu, Ifeanyi N. and Opara, T.C. (2010): Productivity Growth in Food Crop Production in Imo State, Nigeria. Published in: African Crop Science Journal , Vol. 18, No. 3 (2. September 2010): pp. 119-131.
Download (38Kb) | Preview
The study examined the productivity growth in food crop production in Imo State with emphasis on the decomposition of total factor productivity into technical progress, changes in technical and allocative efficiency and scale effects. A panel data set comprising 210 observations drawn over 2001 – 2007 periods was used in the study. Using the translog stochastic frontier production function, the decomposition components were computed applying the appropriate formulae. The results showed that total factor productivity decreased through time while technical change was negative, implying downward shift of the production frontier. As a major component, technical change was the main constraint to the achievement of high levels of TFP during the study period. The scale effect, which is generally bigger than technical change component shows that the sampled farms on the average have not taken advantage of scale economies. The result further revealed that the allocative efficiency had an average magnitude closer to the scale effect and points towards decreases in the efficiency with which production factors are allocated. This is an indication of a decline in technical efficiency. On the basis of the results, the study suggested reforms of the ADPs with a bid to enhancing their capacity in extending novel technologies and innovations to farmers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Productivity Growth in Food Crop Production in Imo State, Nigeria|
|English Title:||Productivity Growth in Food Crop Production in Imo State, Nigeria|
|Keywords:||Productivity decomposition; scale effect; allocative; efficiency|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C42 - Survey Methods
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D01 - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B4 - Economic Methodology > B41 - Economic Methodology
|Depositing User:||Ifeanyi N. Nwachukwu|
|Date Deposited:||16. Mar 2011 11:57|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 10:41|
Alabi, I. (2005). The Determinants of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria. Food , Agriculture and Environment Journal, 3(2): 78 – 82.
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)(1998). The Challenging Structure of Nigerian Economy and Implications for Development. The Research Department, Abuja.
Ebong, V.O., U.S. Okoro and E.O. Effiong (2009). Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Urban Farming in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences, 5: 89 – 92.
Dayo, P., E. Nkonya, J. Pander and O.A. Oni (2008). Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria. Brief No.4, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D C, USA.
Fakayode, S.B., R.O. Babatunde and R. Ajao (2008). Productivity Analysis of Cassava – Based Production Systems in the Guinea Savannah: Case Study of Kwara State, Nigeria. American – Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 3(1): 33 – 39.
Fan, S. (1991). Effects of Technological Changes and Institutional Reform on Production Growth in Chinese Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 73(May): 266 – 275.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2004). Production Year Book, Vol. 40. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Imodu, P.B. (2005). Government Policies Towards the Sustainability Rebirth in Nigeria: Challenges and Opportunities. Proceedings of the 39th Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria held in Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
Imo State Agricultural Development Programme (Imo ADP)(1994). Crop Area and Yield Survey (CAYS). Summary Report. Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
Kumbhakar, S.C. (1990). Production Frontiers, Panel Data and Time Varying Technical Inefficiency. Journal of Econometrics, 46: 201 – 211.
Mazvimavi, K. (2002). Socioeconomic Analysis of Efficiency and Productivity Growth in the Resettlement Areas of Zimbabwe. A PhD Dissertation Proposal, Department of Development Economics, University of Wisconsin Madison.
National Institute for Social and Economic Research (NISER)(2004). Review of Nigerian Development 2001/2002. Understanding Poverty in Nigeria: Ibadan, NISER.
National Planning Commission (NPC)(2004). National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS). National Planning Commission, Abuja.
National Population Commission (NPC) (2007). Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provincial Population Totals 2006 Census. Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette, 94(24): 1 – 26.
Njoku, M.E. (2005). Effect of Agricultural Productivity on Comsumption, Nutrition and Health Status of Rural Households in Abia State, Nigeria. An Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State.
Nkamleu, G.B. (2004). Productivity Growth, Technical Progress and Efficiency Change in African Agriculture. African Development Bank Resaerch 008, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
Nwachukwu, I.N. and C.E. Onyenweaku (2007). Economic Efficiency of Fadama Telfairia Production in Imo State, Nigeria: A Translog Profit Function Approach. Journal of Agricultural Research and Policies, 2(4): 87 – 93.
Ogunyinka, E.O. and M.R. Langemeier (2004). Examining Cross – Country Agricultural Productivity Differences. A Selected Paper for Presentation at the Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Tulsa, Oklahoma, Feb., 14 – 18.
Okoye, B.C. (2006). Efficiency Evaluation of Smallholder Cocoyam Production in Anambra State, Nigeria. An M.Sc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State.
Onyenweaku, C.E. and J.C. Nwaru (2005). Application of Stochastic Frontier Production Function to the Measurement of Technical Efficiency in Food Crop Production in Imo State, Nigeria. The Nigerian Agricultural Journal, 36: 1 – 2.
Owualah, S.I. (1999). Entrepreneurship in Small Business Firm. GMAG Investment Educational Publishers, Ikeja, Lagos , Nigeria.
Sanusi, J.O. (2003). Overview of Government Efforts in the Development of SME’s and the Emergence of Small and Medium Industry Equity Investment Scheme (SMIEIS) Organized by the Bankers Committee and Lagos Chambers of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) Lagos on 15th June.
Tanko, L., C.E. Onyenweaku and A.C. Nwosu (2006). Optimum Crop Combination Under Limited Resource Condition: A Micro Level Study in Yauri, Kebbi State, Nigeria. The Nigerian Agricultural Journal, 37: 1 – 10.