Soyak, Alkan (2002): Technology policy: patent protection and industrial R&D subsidies in Turkey. Published in: Transition Countries Joining The European Union, The 2nd Joint International Symposium, Silesian University in Opava, (2002): pp. 86-102.
Download (342Kb) | Preview
Some developing economies (especially East Asian Countries) have long imitated western technology. It means that these economies adopted an imitative attitude to new industrial technologies with regard to technology policies. Some changes recently have occurred. Asian economies such as South Korea and Taiwan begin to become fast innovators. Since this development that stimulates the imitation of technology makes worried some rich countries, some measures against this development have been taken by the global economic institutions which are driven by rich countries. In the process of globalization, the main measures, which focus on industrial property rights and industrial R&D subsidies, have been insisted on developing countries by WTO and etc. The present paper examines how national technology policy in Turkey is affected by the globalization process and proposes an evaluation on the pros and cons of patent system and industrial R&D subsidies.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||Silesian University in Opava|
|Original Title:||Technology policy: patent protection and industrial R&D subsidies in Turkey|
|Keywords:||Turkey; Technology; Technology Policy; R&D Subsidy; Patent Protection|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O38 - Government Policy
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
|Depositing User:||Alkan Soyak|
|Date Deposited:||27. Apr 2007|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 08:17|
Acharya, R., “Intellectual Property Rights And Information Technology: The Impact Of The Uruguay Round on Developing Countries”, Information and Communications Technology Law, Vol. 5 Issue 2, June 1996, ss.149-167.
Ahrens, J., Governance And The Implementation Of Technology Policy In Less Developed Countries, INTECH, International Workshop: The Political Economy of Technology in Developing Countries Isle of Thorns Training Centre, Brighton, 8-9 October 1999
Ansal, H., " Technical Change in Turkish Truck Manufacturing Industry", Ph.D Thesis, University of Sussex, Science Policy Research Unit, 1988.
Ansal, H., A. Soyak, “Impact of Privatization on R&D Activities: The Case of Turkish Telecommunications Industry”, Civilization, Modern Technology and Sustainable Development, The 8. International Conference on Management of Technology,IAMOT, 1999, ss.39-49
Bell, M., " Learning and The Accumulation of Industrial Technological Capacity in Developing Countries " , Technological Capability in The Third World, M. Fransman and K.King, London:Mac Millan Press, 1984.
Bifani, P., “Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade”, in The Uruguay Round: Papers on Selected Issues”, UNCTAD/ITP/10, (New York: United Nations), 1989
Carlos, A., P. Braga., “Protection on A Global Scale”, China Business Review, Vol.22, Issue.2, March/April 1995, ss.25-28.
Carlsson,B., R.Stankiewicz , " On The Nature , Function and Composition of Technological Systems, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Vol.1, No.2 ,1991.
Chang H. and A. Cheema, Polıtıcal And Instıtutıonal Aspects Of Technology Polıcy Desıgn And Implementatıon In Developıng, Countrıes INTECH, International Workshop: The Political Economy of Technology in Developing Countries, Isle of Thorns Training Centre, Brighton, 8-9 October 1999
Dosi, G., " Sourcess, Procedures and Microecenomic Effects of Innovation " , Journal of Economic Literature, Vol.26, 1988.
Economist “The Road From Imitation to Innovation”, the Economist, Vol.339, Issue. 7966, 18.5.1996, s.80
Emmanuel, A., Appropriate or Underdeveloped Technology?, Chichester Wiley/IRM Series on Multinationals, 1982.
Evenson, R. E. and L. E Westphal,, “Technological Change and Technology Strategy”, in J. Behrman and T. N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics. Volume 3A. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1995.
Fransman, M. K. King, Technological Capability in The Third World, (Ed.) London: Mc Millan Press, 1984.
Freeman, C., The Economics of Industrial Innovation, London: Pinter Publishers. 1982.
INTECH, Technology Policy Brief, United Nations Universty, INTECH, Vol.1, Issue1, 2002
Jenkins, R., Transnational Corporations and Uneven Development: The Internationalization of Capital and The Third World, London:Methuen Press,1987
Katz, J. M., " Domestic Technological Innovation and Dynamic Comperative Advantage ", Journal of Development Economics, Vol.16,1984.
Kepenek, Y., Some Technological Aspects of The Turkish Manufacturing Exports During the 1990’s, http://www.intech.unu.edu/publications/conference- workshop-reports/seville/kepenek.pdf
Kim, L.,“Technology Policies And Strategies For Developing Countries: Lessons From The Korean Experience”,Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, Vol. 10 Issue 3, September 1998, ss.311-324
Kim, L. R. Nelson, Technology, Learning, and Innovation (Experiences of Newly Industrializing Economies), Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Lall, S., “Technological Capabilities and Industrialization”, World Development, 20(2) , 1992, pp. 165-186.
Lall, S. & Teubal, M. “Market stimulating' Technology Policies in Developing Countries: A Framework with Examples from East Asia”, World Development, Vol. 26, No. 8, 1998.
Lall, S., “Turkish Performance in Exporting Manufactures: A Comparative Structural Analysis” QEH Working Paper Series QEHWPS4,Working Paper Number 47, August, 2000
Lundvall, B-Å., National Systems of Innovation, (ed.), London: Pinter Publishers,1992.
Mani , S., “Public Innovation Policies and Developing Countries In a Phase of Economic Liberalisation” United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies, Discussion Papers, Oct. 1999
Nelson, R.R. and S. Winter, An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, Cambridge, Mass: The Belknap Press of Harward University Press1982,.
OECD, Patents and Innovation in International Context”, OCDE/ GD (97) 210, Paris, 1997.
OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD, Volume 2001/1.
OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, OECD, Volume 2001/2.
Pack, H. and Westphal, L. E), “Industrial Strategy and Technological Change”, Journal of Development Economics, 22, 1986, pp. 87-128.
Rosenberg, N, Inside The Block Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Schumacher, E, Small is Beautiful, London: Blond & Briggs. 1973
Sharp, M. and Pavitt, K. “Technology Policy in the 1990s: Old Trends and New Realities”, Journal of Common Market Studies, 31(2), 1993, pp. 129-151.
Stewart, F., Technology and Underdevelopment, London: Macmillan Press, 1978
Teitel,S., " Technology Creation in Semi Industrial Economies" , Journal of Development Economics, Vol.16 ,1984.
TPE, Statistics of Industrial Property in Turkey , No: TPE/20, June 1999.
Related Web Sites
Organisation For Economic Co-Operation And Development.. ........http://www.oecd.org
Republic Of Turkey, Prime Ministry State Institute Of Statistics.http://www.die.gov.tr
Republic Of Turkey, Prime Ministry, State Planning Organization..http://www.dpt.gov.tr
Technology Development Foundation Of Turkey................ .....http://www.ttgv.org.tr
The Scientific And Technical Research Council Of Turkey.... http://www.tubitak.gov.tr
Turkish Patent Institution................................. http://www.turkpatent.gov.tr
World Intellectual Property Organization.................... http://www.wipo.org
World Trade Organization.................................... http://www.wto.org